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60 Cards in this Set

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Taxonomy
Classification of species
Kingdom Animal Classification
1)Multicellular
2)Heterotrophic
3)Diploid Life cycle
4)Hapeoid
Heterotrophic
Organisms that cannot synthesize/make organic compounds from inorganic compounds
Diploid Life cycle
Full complimant of genetic material; 46 chromosomes
Hapeoid
Gametes only calls that are hapeoid in animals, only stage hapeoid in life cycle of humans is zygote stage. 1/2 of full compliment of genetic material; 23 chromosomes
Phylum Chordata (Chordate)
1)Noto chord
2)Dorsal Hollow Nerve cord
3)Pharyngeal pouches
4)Body cavities
Noto Chord
Flexible rod that has a support function during embryology (only exists in fetus) is a remnant of it.
Dorsal Hollow Nerve cord
Develops into the brain/spinal cord
Ventricles
Chambers inside the brain
Central canal
Cavity inside of the brain
Metabolism
The chemical reactions that occue in an organism
Pharangeal Pouch
Evaginations of the pharangeal regions of the embryo - develops into auditory/eustacian tubes>from throad to middle ear cavity.
Body cavities
Dorsal (back) ventral (front)
Cranial Cavitiy
Houses the cranium (brain)
Vertebral cavity
Houses spinal cord - also a specific dorsal cavity
Coelmate
Results from the splitting of the mesodern - ventral body cavities
Thoracic Cavity
Lungs located here. Located above the diaphram, R/L Plueral cavities, (two cavities completely separate of one another) - for survival; Peri cardial cavity and mediastiom
Mediastiom
Inter plueral space-located between r/l plueral cavity - thymus located here
Peri Cardial cavity
Houses the heart
Abdominopelvic cavity
(pelvic->)reproductive organs, r/l pelvic bones, hip bones, urinary, sigmoud colon, rectum, ovaries, uterus, prostate gland, seminal vesicles, parts of ductus deferens (Abdo->)stomach, spleen, liver, pancreas, small intestine and most large intestine
Kingdom-Phylum-Subphylum-Class-Order-Family-genus
Animalia-Chordata-Vertebrata-Mammals-Primates-Hominidae-Homosapians (Human classification
Cytology
Study of cells, parts of cells (organelles)
Cells
Two main parts-nucleus and cytoplasm.
Chromatin
Chemistry - DNA, heredity, material of the cell
Genes
Found in nucleus when calls aren't dividing
Nucleus
Function: Regulate cell activity
Nuclear Envelope
Another name for nuclear membrane (contains the nucleoplasm)
Glycogen
Technical name for blood sugar, c6h1206, polysaccaride, polymer of glucose(monosaccaride) (chain)
Cytoplasm
Two parts 1) cytosol - water like membrane, lot of metabolic activity 2) organelles except the nucleus
Rough Endoplasmic reticulum (Rough ER)
Ribosomes attatched - organized membrane, site of protein synthesis
Ribosomes
Where protein is held in the cells
Golgi complex
part of endomembrane system-where molecules are modified and processed
Cytoskeleton
Gives the cell it's shape (maintains cell shape)
Mitichondrion
"Powerhouse of the cell" - Produces ATP(Adenosine Triphosphate) ATP>ADP + Pi, energy released when this metabolism occues
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum (Smooth ER)
Lipids produced here
Lysosome
Small organelles - membranes outside, digestive enzymes on the inside - significant organelle
Enzymes
Proteins - speed up the metabolism, digestive enzymes
Pancreas
One of the jobs is to produce a variety of digestive enzymes
Centrosome
Plays important role in cell production
Microvilla
Extensions of the cell membrane to generate a lot of surface area-cells that tend to have it are secretory cells
Tissue
Organisms have a cellular organization - group of cells, very similar, working together to perform specific functions
Types of tissues
1) Epethelial
2) Connective
3) Muscular
4) Nervous
Epithelial tissue
Protection, infection, absorption, excretion, avascular(no blood vessels), reception of environmental stimuli, covers surface, exposed to atmosphere, including mouth and respitory, secretion
Specific types of epithelial tissue
Cuboidal (cubed cells), squamous (flattened out), stratified squamous (cells on top of cells), columnar (longer than wide) llll
Cilia
hairlike parts of the cell
Flagellum
flagellum : longer hairs
Cillium: Part of cell/organells hairlike, cells, ability to move
Goblet cells
Create a mucous secretion that typically functions as a lubricant
Muscular tissue
Producing various kinds of movement, internal/externam
Types of muscular tissue
1)Cardiac
2)Smooth - Involuntary muscle, walls of digestive tract
3)Straited - skeletal/voluntary
Cardiac muscle tissue
Nucleic tends to be central, intercalcated disc, strengthens muscle, aides in nerve impulse conduction in heart
Muscles
Can be called fibrous instead of cells; a lot of heat enery (temp-body) is related to muscles, 85% of heat comes from muscular activity
Nervous tissue
Causes body activity in response to environemental stimuli, responds to stimuli, conducts information in the form of nerve impulses
Nervous tissue (types)
1)Dendrite - towards cell
2)Cell body (periKarxon)
3)Axon - away from cell
Parenchyma
The tissue characteristic of an organ, as distinguished from associated connective or supporting tissues.
Disorder-nerve
Brain tumor (gleoma) results from neurological tissue
Connective tissue
Cellular and noncellular part (noncellular called "matrix) - support and protection (ex:bone) Adipose, bone, ligament, loose aerolar, vascular (blood)
Adipose
Fat
Matrix of blood
Plasma
Cartilages
Fibro, elastic (elastin protein fibers), and hyaline "chondrosites"
Stroma
Fill, "support", connective tissue