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18 Cards in this Set

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Infertility
Failure to conceive within one year of unprotected intercourse
what amount of couples will concieve in 3 months
50% of couples will conceive within 3 months
70 percent of couples will concieve with in {BLANK} months.
6 months
percentage of couples with fertiity problems?
10-15%
Causes of Infertility?
Interference with:
*Producing normal sperm or oocytes
*Transporting sperm or oocytes through parts of the reproductive system
*Depositing semen into the vagina
*Fertilization
*Transport or implantation of the pre-embryo
No sperm produced--causes?
*Defects in testes
*Undescended testes(cryptorchidism)
*Pituitary fails to stimulate spermatogenesis
*Infection or inflammation destroys seminiferous tubules
Insufficient number of sperm produced--causes
*Damage to testes
*Insufficient stimulation by pituitary
*Infection or inflammation of testes
*Stress
*Obesity
*Increased temperature of testes
*Damage to nerve or blood supply to testes
*Some drugs used in treating tumors or infections
*Aging
Abnormal function of epididymis--causes
*Usually due to hormonal disorders
Abnormal function of prostate or seminal vesicles--causes
*Infection / inflammation
*Damage to their nerves or blood supplies
*Some hormonal disorders
*Tumors
*Some drugs used in treating tumors or infections
*Aging
Blockage of vas deferens, ejaculatory ducts, or urethra--causes
*Usually caused by infection / inflammation
*Scarring from trauma
*Birth defects
Inability to get or keep erection or erection too soft
(erectile dysfunction or impotence)--causes
*Stress
*Damage to nerves or blood vessels supplying penis
*Damage to erectile bodies
*Various drugs used to treat hypertension, high cholesterol, heart disease, kidney disease, liver disease, and others
Inability to get or keep erection, or erection too soft (erectile dysfunction or impotence)--causes
*Stress
*Damage to nerves or blood vessels supplying penis
*Damage to erectile bodies
*Various drugs used to treat hypertension, high cholesterol, heart disease, kidney disease, liver disease, and others
priapism?
abnormally persistent erections
Abnormally persistent erections (priaprism)--causes
*Damage to nerves or blood vessels
*Trauma to erectile bodies preventing blood from flowing out
Premature ejaculation (before or very early in intercourse)--causes
*Psychological stress
*Overstimulation
Insufficient volume of semen--causes
*Usually secondary to disorders of prostate or seminal vesicles
Orgasm without ejaculation--causes
*Blockage of ejaculatory duct and/or urethra
*Prostate and seminal vesicles unable to form semen
causes for infertility in women?
*Defects in ovaries
*Damaged blood supply to ovaries
*Pituitary fails to stimulate oogenesis
*Stress
*Obesity
*Strenuous exercise
*Excessive weight loss
*Some drugs used in treating
*tumors or infections
*Estrogen and/or progesterone
*Aging
*Usually caused by infection / inflammation

*Scarring from trauma or ectopic pregnancies
*Birth defects

*Usually secondary to insufficient estrogen and/or progesterone from ovaries

*Infection or inflammation
*Insufficient estrogen and/or progesterone from ovaries
*Tumors

*Usually associated with hormonal disorders

*Failure of arousal
*Insuffient estrogen and/or progesterone