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18 Cards in this Set

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Krebs Cycle
Second stage of aerobic respiration where two carbon molecules in glycolysis are oxidized completely to carbon dioxide-- which is giv off as a gas. Additional ATP moelcuels are formed, conservinc some of the nergy produced in this proces-- there are still hydrogen carrying molecules invovled in this process
EXHALE
aerobic
Respiration in the presence of oxygen
aerObic excersise!
anaerobic
respiration without oxygen
ANaerobic
glycolysis
First stage in aerobic respiration, or any respiration. Enzymes partially oxidize glucose and pslit it into two three carbon molecules00 carbon skeletons. THis releases enough energy to form a small amount of ATP
think
NAD+
Hydrogen carrier used in respiration
NADPH
Electron transport system
A bunch of proteins in the mitochondria crustae which is the third stage of respriation and regenerates the supply of NAD+ and uses hydrogen ions and electrons to change ADP to ATP... water is formed using oxygen in this process
oxidative phosphorylation
FAD
hydrogen carrier reduced by two hydrogen atoms in teh Krebs cycle
Pyruvic acid
produced in glycolysis... three carbon compound
check on this
cytochromes
proteins and oxidized enzymes that are easily reduced... amke up the electron transport system
can't tell u
facultative aerobes
bacteria that can survive for a long time w/out oxygen but can also use aerobic respiration as well if there is enough oxygen
ladida
hydrolysis
breakdown of food using enzyems and intestines that break the bonds between teh food until ti is completely decomposed. IT is caleld hhydrolysis because water is used.
note to self... amek this one more understandable
carbon skeletons
bcackbone of carbon atoms in a long chain
yay
obligate anaerobes
poisoned by oxygen and generate ATP eentirely from fermentation or anaerobic respiration
think about the name
obligate aerobes
can't sruvive for logn without oxygen ... make up most of the population of organisms
ya think about the name again
lactate
three carbon acid produced in glycolysi8s
think
mitochondria
compartments in which the Krebs cycel and the elctron trasport systme occur
ya
NADH
NAD+ when iti s carrying hte hydrogen after goign through the krebs cycle
y
fadh2
fad when it is carryign two hydrogens becuasei ti s a hydrogen carrier
who