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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
study of microorganisms - organisms you need a microscope to see
uptake of nutrients from the environment, their transformation within the cell, and elimination of wastes into the environment (open system)
Chemicals from the environment that are turned into new cells under direction of preexisting cells
Formation of new cell structure such as a spore, usually as part of cellular life cycle
When cells communicate or interact by means of chemical that are released or taken up
6 Characteristics of Living Systems:
1) Metabolism
2) Reproduciton
3) Differentiation
4) Communication
5) Movement
6) Evolution
living organisms often capable of self-propulsion
Cells contain genes and evolve to display new biological functions
____________ used 1st microscope to observe the __________ (reproductive structures) of the common blue mold, ______________ in 1664
Robert Hooke; fruiting bodies; Penicillium
This guy was real master of microscope, began making microscopes that were so good they could see bacteria
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
botanist who was insturumental in founding science of Bacteriology
Ferdinand J. Cohn
- french chemist
- showed microbes were everywhere
- showed they didn't develop from nothing
Louis Pasteur
- 1st to make doctors wash hands in chlorine solution
- mortality went from 13% to 2% in women giving birth
- had doctors clean operatin tools and theatres (operating rooms) with carbolic acid
Joseph Lister
- famous for work on tuberculosis which at the time killed 1 out of every 7 people in the world
- 1st to prove that microbes cause disease
Robert Koch
the importance of working with pure cultures and formulating a series of tests to determine if a given microbe was the cause of the disease; known as __________________
Koch's Postulates (Germ Theory of Disease)
developed the enrichment culture technique
- described Tobacco Mosaic Virus as "soluble" living microbes
- Father of Birology
Martinus Beijernick
Isolated nitrifying bacteria from soil
- performs definitive work on organisms responsible for the process of nitrificaiton in nature
Sergei Winogradsky