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23 Cards in this Set

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The class of biological macromolecules that includes fats, steroids, and waxes
Lipids
Non-polar molecules composed of only carbon and hydrogen
Hydrocarbons
A polysaccharide used for storing edible carbohydrates in plant roots and other plant tissues
Starch
A monomer unit made of sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base
Nucleotides
A type of steroid, made of carbon skeleton with four fused rings
Cholesterol
The general term that describes compounds that have the same molecular formula, but have a different structure
Isomers
The class of biological macromolecules that includes amino acids and enzymes
Proteins
The basic monomer unit used to make complex carbohydrates
Monosaccharides
The basic monomer building blocks of proteins
Amino acids
The general term that describes compounds synthesized by cells and containing carbon
Organic compounds
The class of biological macromolecules that includes DNA and RNA
Nucleic acids
A polysaccharide made by plants, and used for structural support
Cellulose
One of two functional groups found in an amino acid
Amino
Carboxyl
One of the two building blocks of a triglyceride (or fat) molecule
Fatty Acids
Glycerol
The main component of cell membranes; similar in structure to a triglyceride but containing phosphorus
Phospholipids
A functional group that acts as an acid
Carboxyl
A term that means the same thing as protein
Polypeptide
A functional group that acts as a base
Amino
Individual units that are the building blocks of polymers
Monomers
The class of biological macromolecules that includes sugars and starches
Carbohydrates
A sugar that has six carbons
Monosaccharides
The basic monomer unit of nucleic acids
Nucleotides
A polysaccharide made by animals, and stored in the liver and muscle cells to release glucose when needed
Glycogen