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33 Cards in this Set

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Lecture Date: WED, 8.02.06
Subject: VIRUSES (1918 Flu Epidemic)

Multiple Choice:
The initial "official" date of the first outbreak of the 1918 Influenza:
a) May 11, 1918
b) March 11, 1918
c) November 11, 1918
d) September 11, 1918
e) none of the above
Lecture Date: WED, 8.02.06
Subject: VIRUSES (1918 Flu Epidemic)

The initial "official" date of the first outbreak of the 1918 Influenza:
b) March 11, 1918
Lecture Date: WED, 8.02.06
Subject: VIRUSES (1918 Flu Epidemic)

Multiple Choice:
The "official" site of the first outbreak of the 1918 Influenza:
a) Kentucky, USA
b) Northern France
c) Kansas, USA
d) Southern England
e) Northern England
Lecture Date: WED, 8.02.06
Subject: VIRUSES (1918 Flu Epidemic)

The "official" site of the first outbreak of the 1918 Influenza:
c) Kansas, USA
Lecture Date: WED, 8.02.06
Subject: VIRUSES (1918 Flu Epidemic)

Multiple Choice:
The common or "unofficial" name given to the 1918 Influenza:
a) "Bird Flu pandemic"
b) "French Flu"
c) "Cyanic Tuberculosis"
d) "Spanish Flu"
e) "H5-N1"
Lecture Date: WED, 8.02.06
Subject: VIRUSES (1918 Flu Epidemic)

The common or "unofficial" name given to the 1918 Influenza:
d) "Spanish Flu"
Lecture Date: WED, 8.02.06
Subject: VIRUSES (1918 Flu Epidemic)

Multiple Choice:
The death toll (estimated) from the 1918 Influenza:
a) 400 - 600 thousand
b) 40 - 60 million
c) 40 - 60 thousand
d) 4 - 6 million
e) none of the above
Lecture Date: WED, 8.02.06
Subject: VIRUSES (1918 Flu Epidemic)

The death toll (estimated) from the 1918 Influenza:
b) 40 - 60 million
Lecture Date: WED, 8.02.06
Subject: VIRUSES (1918 Flu Epidemic)

True / False:
The death toll (estimated) from the 1918 Influenza was greater than the deaths caused by World War 1
Lecture Date: WED, 8.02.06
Subject: VIRUSES (1918 Flu Epidemic)

True-
The death toll (estimated) from the 1918 Influenza was greater than the deaths caused by World War 1
Lecture Date: WED, 8.02.06
Subject: VIRUSES (1918 Flu Epidemic)

True / False:
The initial medical opinion was that the 1st outbreak of the 1918 Influenza occurred in the U.S.A..
Lecture Date: WED, 8.02.06
Subject: VIRUSES (1918 Flu Epidemic)

True-
The initial medical opinion was that the 1st outbreak of the 1918 Influenza occurred in the U.S.A.. (on a Kansas army base)
Lecture Date: WED, 8.02.06
Subject: VIRUSES (1918 Flu Epidemic)

True / False:
There was an initial "retreat" of the 1918 Influenza that occurred during the summer of 1918 that was followed by a weaker 2nd wave.
Lecture Date: WED, 8.02.06
Subject: VIRUSES (1918 Flu Epidemic)

False-
There was an initial "retreat" of the 1918 Influenza that occurred during the summer of 1918 that was followed by a MUCH STRONGER 2nd wave in September, 1918.
Lecture Date: WED, 8.02.06
Subject: VIRUSES (1918 Flu Epidemic)

Multiple Choice:
The medical name of the discoloration that the flu victims most often experienced:
a) Heliotrope Cyanosis
b) Heliostatic Cyanosis
c) Cyanobacteriosis
d) Phycocyanosis
e) none of the above
Lecture Date: WED, 8.02.06
Subject: VIRUSES (1918 Flu Epidemic)

The medical name of the discoloration that the flu victims most often experienced:
a) Heliotrope Cyanosis
(named for the blue tint to the face and upper body)
Lecture Date: WED, 8.02.06
Subject: VIRUSES (1918 Flu Epidemic)

True / False:
One way in which the 2nd wave of the 1918 Influenza was different from the 1st wave is that the main victims of the 1st wave were in the "prime of their life" (ages 25-34), whereas the main victims of the 2nd wave were the sick, very young and older people
Lecture Date: WED, 8.02.06
Subject: VIRUSES (1918 Flu Epidemic)

False- (reversed)
One way in which the 2nd wave of the 1918 Influenza was different from the 1st wave is that the main victims of the 2ND WAVE were in the "prime of their life" (ages 25-34), whereas the main victims of the 1ST WAVE were the sick, very young and older people
Lecture Date: WED, 8.02.06
Subject: VIRUSES (1918 Flu Epidemic)

True / False:
Subsequent research revealed that there were earlier outbreaks (in 1916) of a very similar disease which was then-called "Purulent Bronchitis", and which is now believed to have been the TRUE origins of the 1918 Influenza
Lecture Date: WED, 8.02.06
Subject: VIRUSES (1918 Flu Epidemic)

True-
Subsequent research revealed that there were earlier outbreaks (in 1916) of a very similar disease which was then-called "Purulent Bronchitis", and which is now believed to have been the TRUE origins of the 1918 Influenza
Lecture Date: WED, 8.02.06
Subject: VIRUSES (1918 Flu Epidemic)

Multiple Choice:
The location of the outbreak of "Purulent Bronchitis" (fatal respiratory ailment) that occured in 1916:
a) Military base in northern Germany
b) Military base in northern England
c) Military base in northern France
d) Farms in northern France
e) none of the above
Lecture Date: WED, 8.02.06
Subject: VIRUSES (1918 Flu Epidemic)

Multiple Choice:
The location of the outbreak of "Purulent Bronchitis" (fatal respiratory ailment) that occured in 1916:
c) Military base in northern France
Lecture Date: WED, 8.02.06
Subject: VIRUSES (1918 Flu Epidemic)

Multiple Choice:
The name of the location now believed to be the very first source of the true original influenza strain that became the epidemic in 1918:
a) Otoppel military base, England
b) Topeka army base, Kansas, USA
c) Dover (and surrounding southern coastal towns), England
d) Etaples military base, France
e) none of the above
Lecture Date: WED, 8.02.06
Subject: VIRUSES (1918 Flu Epidemic)

Multiple Choice:
The name of the location now believed to be the very first source of the true original influenza strain that became the epidemic in 1918:
d) Etaples military base, France
Lecture Date: WED, 8.02.06
Subject: VIRUSES (1918 Flu Epidemic)

Multiple Choice:
The animal source(s) of the original infection that ultimately mutated to become the 1918 Influenza is:
a) Dogs and horses
b) Rats
c) Dogs and birds
d) Birds and pigs
e) Pigs and rats
Lecture Date: WED, 8.02.06
Subject: VIRUSES (1918 Flu Epidemic)

The animal source(s) of the original infection that ultimately mutated to become the 1918 Influenza is:
d) Birds and pigs
Lecture Date (in Lab): MON/TUE, 7.31.06/8.01.06
Subject: DNA FINGERPRINTING (Lab)

Multiple Choice:
The name of the series of nucleotides that compose DNA:
a) Dioxyribotic Acid
b) Dyoxyribulosic Acid
c) Deoxyribulosic Acid
d) Dioxyribulose Nucleic Acid
e) Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Lecture Date (in Lab): MON/TUE, 7.31.06/8.01.06
Subject: DNA FINGERPRINTING (Lab)

The name of the series of nucleotides that compose DNA:
e) Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Lecture Date (in Lab): MON/TUE, 7.31.06/8.01.06
Subject: DNA FINGERPRINTING (Lab)

Multiple Choice:
Each nucleotide contains the same sugar molecule, called :
a) Dioxyribulose
b) Dyoxyribulose
c) Deoxyribulose
d) Dioxyribulose
e) Deoxyribose
Lecture Date (in Lab): MON/TUE, 7.31.06/8.01.06
Subject: DNA FINGERPRINTING (Lab)

Multiple Choice:
Each nucleotide contains the same sugar molecule, called :
e) Deoxyribose
Lecture Date (in Lab): MON/TUE, 7.31.06/8.01.06
Subject: DNA FINGERPRINTING (Lab)

Multiple Choice:
Each nucleotide contains the following molecule groups:
a) Sugar (pentose), phosphate, lipid
b) Sugar (pentose), phosphate, nitrogenous base
c) Sugar (pentose), phosphate, polypeptide
d) Sugar (pentose), lipid, nucleic acid
e) Sugar (pentose), phosphate, nucleic acid
Lecture Date (in Lab): MON/TUE, 7.31.06/8.01.06
Subject: DNA FINGERPRINTING (Lab)

Each nucleotide contains the following molecule groups:
b) Sugar (pentose), phosphate, nitrogenous base
Lecture Date (in Lab): MON/TUE, 7.31.06/8.01.06
Subject: DNA FINGERPRINTING (Lab)

True / False:
A single molecule of DNA is composed of two strands of nucleic acids wound together
Lecture Date (in Lab): MON/TUE, 7.31.06/8.01.06
Subject: DNA FINGERPRINTING (Lab)

False-
A single molecule of DNA is composed of two strands of NUCLEOTIDES wound together
Lecture Date (in Lab): MON/TUE, 7.31.06/8.01.06
Subject: DNA FINGERPRINTING (Lab)

True / False:
A strand of DNA is formed when nucleotides are linked together at their nitrogenous bases
Lecture Date (in Lab): MON/TUE, 7.31.06/8.01.06
Subject: DNA FINGERPRINTING (Lab)

True-
A strand of DNA is formed when nucleotides are linked together at their nitrogenous bases
Lecture Date (in Lab): MON/TUE, 7.31.06/8.01.06
Subject: DNA FINGERPRINTING (Lab)

Multiple Choice:
A strand of DNA is linked together at their nitrogenous bases in the following way:
a) Adenine with Guanine; Thymine with Cytosine (A-G; T-C)
b) Guanine with Cytosine; Adenine with Thymine (G-C; A-T)
c) Adenine with Cytosine; Guanine with Thymine (A-C; G-T)
d) more than one above
e) none of the above
Lecture Date (in Lab): MON/TUE, 7.31.06/8.01.06
Subject: DNA FINGERPRINTING (Lab)

A strand of DNA is linked together at their nitrogenous bases in the following way:
b) Guanine with Cytosine; Adenine with Thymine (G-C; A-T)
HINT: Remember the "AT" rule
Lecture Date (in Lab): MON/TUE, 7.31.06/8.01.06
Subject: DNA FINGERPRINTING (Lab)

True / False:
The union of the four DNA nitrogenous bases form units known as "twin pairs"
Lecture Date (in Lab): MON/TUE, 7.31.06/8.01.06
Subject: DNA FINGERPRINTING (Lab)

False-
The union of the four DNA nitrogenous bases form units known as "BASE pairs"
Lecture Date (in Lab): MON/TUE, 7.31.06/8.01.06
Subject: DNA FINGERPRINTING (Lab):

Multiple Choice:
The enzymes that many bacteria have that cut or break DNA molecules at very particular sequences of bases are called:
a) Severance enzymes
b) Restrictive enzymes
c) Fragmentation enzymes
d) Restriction enzymes
e) none of the above
Lecture Date (in Lab): MON/TUE, 7.31.06/8.01.06
Subject: DNA FINGERPRINTING (Lab):

The enzymes that many bacteria have that cut or break DNA molecules at very particular sequences of bases are called:
d) Restriction enzymes
Lecture Date (in Lab): MON/TUE, 7.31.06/8.01.06
Subject: DNA FINGERPRINTING (Lab):

Multiple Choice:
The bonds that many bacteria enzymes break DNA molecules into fragments are:
a) Sugar-to-peptide bonds
b) Sugar-to-phosphate bonds
c) Hydrogen bonds
d) Sugar-to-nitrogenous base bonds
e) none of the above
Lecture Date (in Lab): MON/TUE, 7.31.06/8.01.06
Subject: DNA FINGERPRINTING (Lab):

The bonds that many bacteria enzymes break DNA molecules into fragments are:
b) Sugar-to-phosphate bonds
Lecture Date (in Lab): MON/TUE, 7.31.06/8.01.06
Subject: DNA FINGERPRINTING (Lab):

Multiple Choice:
The portions of broken DNA molecules that are created by many bacteria are called:
a) Restrictive fragments
b) Restriction fragments
c) Restrictive portions
d) Restriction portions
e) none of the above
b) Sugar-to-phosphate bonds
c) Hydrogen bonds
d) Sugar-to-nitrogenous base bonds
e) none of the above
Lecture Date (in Lab): MON/TUE, 7.31.06/8.01.06
Subject: DNA FINGERPRINTING (Lab):

The portions of broken DNA molecules that are created by many bacteria are called:
b) Restriction fragments
Lecture Date (in Lab): MON/TUE, 7.31.06/8.01.06
Subject: DNA FINGERPRINTING (Lab):

Multiple Choice:
The locations on the DNA molecules where the bonds are broken by many bacteria are called:
a) Restrictive locations
b) Restriction locations
c) Restrictive sites
d) Restriction sites
e) none of the above
Lecture Date (in Lab): MON/TUE, 7.31.06/8.01.06
Subject: DNA FINGERPRINTING (Lab):

The locations on the DNA molecules where the bonds are broken by many bacteria are called:
d) Restriction sites
Lecture Date (in Lab): MON/TUE, 7.31.06/8.01.06
Subject: DNA FINGERPRINTING (Lab):

True / False:
The term "restrictive site" refers to the locations on the DNA molecules where the bonds are broken by many bacteria
Lecture Date (in Lab): MON/TUE, 7.31.06/8.01.06
Subject: DNA FINGERPRINTING (Lab):

False-
The term "RESTRICTION site" refers to the locations on the DNA molecules where the bonds are broken by many bacteria
Lecture Date (in Lab): MON/TUE, 7.31.06/8.01.06
Subject: DNA FINGERPRINTING (Lab):

True / False:
The quantity of restriction fragments is always equal to the quantity of restriction sites + 1
Lecture Date (in Lab): MON/TUE, 7.31.06/8.01.06
Subject: DNA FINGERPRINTING (Lab):

True-
The quantity of restriction fragments is always equal to the quantity of restriction sites + 1
Lecture Date (in Lab): MON/TUE, 7.31.06/8.01.06
Subject: DNA FINGERPRINTING (Lab):

True / False:
Scientist use restriction enzymes to cut very large DNA molecules into smaller, easier to handle pieces
Lecture Date (in Lab): MON/TUE, 7.31.06/8.01.06
Subject: DNA FINGERPRINTING (Lab):

True-
Scientist use restriction enzymes to cut very large DNA molecules into smaller, easier to handle pieces
Lecture Date (in Lab): MON/TUE, 7.31.06/8.01.06
Subject: DNA FINGERPRINTING (Lab):

True / False:
Scientist use small cut pieces of DNA molecules for research into cloning and genetic research
Lecture Date (in Lab): MON/TUE, 7.31.06/8.01.06
Subject: DNA FINGERPRINTING (Lab):

True-
Scientist use small cut pieces of DNA molecules for research into cloning and genetic research; also used for:
a) biotechnology (when transferred into bacteria)
b) in gene therapy for treating diseases
c) "DNA fingerprinting" in paternity and criminology
Lecture Date (in Lab): MON/TUE, 7.31.06/8.01.06
Subject: DNA FINGERPRINTING (Lab):

True / False:
Restriction enzymes show us the differences in the DNA of different people
Lecture Date (in Lab): MON/TUE, 7.31.06/8.01.06
Subject: DNA FINGERPRINTING (Lab):

True-
Restriction enzymes show us the differences in the DNA of different people
Lecture Date (in Lab): MON/TUE, 7.31.06/8.01.06
Subject: DNA FINGERPRINTING (Lab):

True / False:
Each human has a completely unique set of DNA, and can therefore be identified by using "DNA fingerprinting"
Lecture Date (in Lab): MON/TUE, 7.31.06/8.01.06
Subject: DNA FINGERPRINTING (Lab):

True-
Each human has a completely unique set of DNA, and can therefore be identified by using "DNA fingerprinting"
Lecture Date (in Lab): MON/TUE, 7.31.06/8.01.06
Subject: DNA FINGERPRINTING (Lab):

True / False:
Scientists use "DNA fingerprinting" by identifying the sequences of restriction fragments, as each person has his/her own unique pattern of restriction fragments
Lecture Date (in Lab): MON/TUE, 7.31.06/8.01.06
Subject: DNA FINGERPRINTING (Lab):

True-
Scientists use "DNA fingerprinting" by identifying the sequences of restriction fragments, as each person has his/her own unique pattern of restriction fragments
Lecture Date (in Lab): MON/TUE, 7.31.06/8.01.06
Subject: DNA FINGERPRINTING (Lab):

True / False:
The sequences of restriction fragments in a child is identical to the combined sequences of both the child's mother and the father
Lecture Date (in Lab): MON/TUE, 7.31.06/8.01.06
Subject: DNA FINGERPRINTING (Lab):

False-
The sequences of restriction fragments in a child is NOT identical to the combined sequences of both the child's mother and the father
However, it IS accurate to say that 100% of a child's pattern of restriction fragments is derived from the fragments of both the mother and the father
Lecture Date (in Lab): MON/TUE, 7.31.06/8.01.06
Subject: DNA FINGERPRINTING (Lab):

True / False:
If 1/2 of a child's restriction fragments match the mother's, while the other 1/2 match a man's, it is 100% verification of the who the child's parents are
Lecture Date (in Lab): MON/TUE, 7.31.06/8.01.06
Subject: DNA FINGERPRINTING (Lab):

False-
If 1/2 of a child's restriction fragments match the mother's, while the other 1/2 match a man's, it is NOT 100% verification of the who the child's parents are
However, it is EXTREMELY likely nearly 100%) that the man and the woman are the child's parents