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14 Cards in this Set

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This is a repeating series of events between the time when a eukaryotic cell divides and the time when the resulting daughter cells divide; I.e., the growth and division that occures for each generation of cells
the cell cycle
The division of the cell's cytoplasm to create two cells during cell division is called ___
cytokinesis
This is a type of cell division that results in two genetically identical daughter cells. It cocurs in the nonreproductive cells of an organism
mitosis
This is a type of cell division the produces four haploid sex cells as part of the process of sexual reproduction
meiosis
In prokaryotes, the DNA is copied, then the cell splits in a process called.___
binary fission
This is the phase of the cell cycle, the cell prepares for mitosis. For example, proteins that will be used to make microtubules are synthesized, mitochondria are replicated, and chromosomes condense
G2 phase
This is the period between cell divisions. It includes the first 3 phases of the cell cycle
interphase
In this phase, the cytoplasm divides to produce two daughter cells
C phase
This phase of the cell cycle is divided into 4 stages - prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase. The chromosomes are separated in this phase.
M phase
In this phase of the cell cycle, the cell doubles its cytoplasm, including organelles, and prepares for DNA synthesis. It is the primary growth phase of the cell cycle
G1 phase
Centromeres complete DNA replication allowing the chromatids to separate toward the poles
anaphase
Two daughter cells are formed from the dividing cells; the nuclear membranes and nucleoli re-form; spindle fibers fragment; the chromosomes unwind and change from chromosomes to chromatin
telophase
The replicated chromatin begins to coil into recognizable chromosomes; the nuclear membrane fragments; centrioles move to form the cell's poles; spindle fibers form
prophase
Chromosomes move to the equator of the cell and attach at their centromeres to the spindle fibers
metaphase