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20 Cards in this Set

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Candida albicans
fungal

thrush - white growth - can become systemic

treat - fluconazole or amphotericin B if systemic
Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
fungal

very threatening - in lungs - also systemic possible

treat - pentamidine or Bactrim - recommended as preventative if below 200
Cryptococcus neoformans
fungal, airborne

not normal in humans, inhaled lungs to meninges to cause meningitis

treat - fluconazole
Histoplasma capsulatum
fungal, airborne

infects eyes - blindness
Coccidioides immitis
fungal, airborne

can infect any organs - meningitis and other organ-specific ailments
Aspergillus
fungal, harder to get

from soil - gen moldy marijuana or mushrooms
swelling of face, eyes
Cryptosporidium parvum
protozoan

large intestine - diarrhea

treat - symptoms w/ immodium preventative
Toxoplasma gondii
protozoan

meat and animal contact - main target is brain causing toxoplasmic encephalitis (toxoplasmosis) - dementia and death

treat - sulfadiazine - reduces but does not eliminate
Salmonella and Shigella
bacteria

food poisoning - more common with HIV
Staphylococcus and Pseudomonas
bacterial, inhaled

pneumonia and sinusisitis

treatable
Rochalimaea
bacterial, scratch

bacillary angromatosis - toxin increase capillary size so bleeds excessively

treat - antibiotics
M. avium
mycobacterium

cause MAC - inhaled, resp attack to systemic - night sweats and fever, attacks bone marrom

prevent with azithromycin
M. tuberculosis
mycobacerium, airborne

causes TB - very prevalent - 15% cases in HIV+ greatest killer

treat: isoniazid
Cytomegalovirus
virus

causes retinitis - blindness

treat: gancyclovir in eye
Human papilloma virus
virus

skin and mucus membranes - warts and cancer (cervical in women)
J. canyon virus
virus

affects neurons - causes progressive multifocal leukoencephalitis - neurons demyalated and loss of neuro function (rapid)

no treatment
Varicella zoster
virus

chicken pox virus - causes shingles

treat with acyclovir to reduce but not eradicate
Epstein Barr
virus

causes non-Hodgekins lymphoma or primary lymphoma of the brain

treat: chemo

Also hairy leukoplakia - not fatal
Herpes
virus

Kaposi Sarcoma HV

infects internal parts of body and thus hard to treat
HIV
AIDS Dementia Complex: HIV can infect neurons and cross blood-brain barrier - apathy, loss of interest in one's surroundings and the like. Later symptoms involve cognitive and motor problems. Memory loss, as well as mobility problems, may happen as well

Peripheral neuropathy: infection of peripheral nerves resulting in: severe, burning, aching pain in the feet and legs, which may prevent walking. This syndrome is a result of the degeneration of the nerves responsible for conducting impulses to the extremities