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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
material success and social pretige of the 4 goals of life
Artha
the highest of the four castes, most advanced in samara
Brahman
the most popular of the three hindu path to salvation
path of devotion
a wandering ascetic who has advanced to the 4th and highest stages of life
sannyasin
renouncing worldy pleasure, strict self denial, to attain spiritual enlightment
ascetic
traditional social categories dividing Hindu Society into 4 main castes
castes
a path to salvation emphasizing learning and meditation
Path of Knowledge
a traditional practice of burning a widow wife on her husband funeral pyre
sati
being born back into life again
reincarnation
an indivudual self or soul
atman
ethical duty based on the divine order of reality
dharma
a path of salvation that emphasizes doing right action
Path of works
a collection of texts tha provides commentary on the Vedic literature
Upanishads
the lowest class of Hindu
shudra
a living embodiement of the diety
avatar
pleasure, especially sensual love
kAMA
the oldest sacred texts of hinduism
Rig Veda
moral law of cause and effect determining the next existence
karma
3rd of 4th classes of Hindu made fo farmers
vaishya
hinduism most popular sacred text
bhagavad gita
2nd of 4 class made up of warriors and administrator
Kshatriya
trance like state in which sef conscious is lost , become one with reality
samadhi
a Hindu philosphy made popular by Shankara
monism
cosmic illusion that we percieve is reality
maya
wheel of rebirth and reincarnation
samsara
the highest, essence of reality and sources of universe
Brahma
liberation from individual self , bondage to samsara
moksha
repititous chant to focus attention on meditation
montra
teaching that reality is ultimatley made up of one substances
vedanta
teaching that reality is composed to 2 distinct categories: matter and eternal selves
shankhya
physical and phychological techniques for spiritual advancement
yoga
physical and phychological techniques for spiritual advancement
yoga