Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/55

Click to flip

55 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
kind of diction
1 general or specific
2 abstract or concrete
3 formal (literary) or informal (conversational/old-fashioned)
4 Latinate, Anglo-Saxon, colloquial
5 denotative, connotative
6 euphonious or cacophonous
Latinate
polysyllabic
anglo-saxon
monosyllabic
coloquial
common words/jargon
denotative
exact meaning
connotative
suggested meaning
features you should look for
diction, length of sentences, kinds of sentences, variety of sentence patterns, transitional phrases, figures of speech, paragraphing, language, figures of speech, and tone
kinds of sentences
grammatical, rhetorical, functional
grammatical sentences
simple sentences, compound sentences, complex sentences, compound-complex sentences
simple sentence
one subject and one verb
compound sentence
two independent clouses w/ a coordinate conjunction or semicolon
complex sentence
an independent clause and one or more subordinate clause
compound-complex sentences
two or more principal clauses and one or more subordinate clauses
rhetorical sentences
loose, periodic, balanced
loose sentence
makes sense if brought to a close before the actual ending
periodic sentence
makes sense only when the end of the sentence is readched
balanced sentence
phrases or clauses balance each other their similarity of structure, meaning, or length
functional sentences
declarative (assertive), imperative, interrogative, exclamatory
declarative sentence
assertive- a statement
imperative sentence
command
interrogative sentence
question
exclamatory sentence
exclamation
variety of sentenced patterns
natural order, inverted order
natural order of sentence
syntax- subject comes before predicate
inverted sentence
predicate comes before subject
transitional phrases
conjuctive adv.- nevertheless, however, moreover, indeed, etc
language vs rhetorics
language is about overall
rhetroic-->language-->tone
language words
jargon, euphemistic, pretentius, precise, picturesque, simple, colloquial, artificial, concrete, pendatic, moralistic, idiomatic, exact, connotative, provincial, bombastic, detached, poetic, scholarly, informal, cultured, symbolic, literal, obscure, grotesque, vulgar, insipid, ordinary, esoteric, homespun, figurative, obtuse, exact, slang, sensuous, formal, learned, plain, trite, precise, emotional
two groups of figures of speech
sches and tropes
scheme
transfers order
trope
transfers meaning
scheme of balance
parallelism, isocolon, antithesis
parallelism
similarity of structure in a pair or series of related words, phrases, clauses
isocolon
when parallel elements are not only similar in structure, but also in length (same number of words/syllables)
antithesis
juxtaosition of contrasting ideas, often parallel in structure
schemes of inverted word order
anastrophe, parenthesis, apposition
anastrophe
inversion of natural word order
parenthesis
insertion of some verbal unit in a position that itnerrups the normal synthatical flow of the sentence (tangent), different emotional charge
apposition
phrase that modifies
schemes of omission
ellipsis, asyndeton, polysyndeton
ellipsis
deliberate omission of word (s) readily implied
assyndeton
delibarate omission of conjunction between series of related clauses (hurried rythm)
polysyndeton
deliberate use of manyconjuctions (slows up rhythm- emphasis/flow/continuity of experience)
schemes of repitition
assonance, alliteration, anaphora, climax
assonance
repitition of smiliar vowel sounds
alliteration
repition of consonant sounds
anaphora
repition of the same wrods/ group of words at the beginning of successive clauses (strong emotional effect)
climax
arrangement of words/clasuses in an order of increasing importance
tropes
metaphor, simile, personification, apostrophe, synechdoche, metonymy, puns, onomatopoeia, irony, oxymoron, liotites, understatemtn, hyperbole, rhetorical question
synechdoche
part represents a whole object or idea
metonymy
substituion of a word which relates to the object or person to be named in place of the name itself
onomatopoeia
words w/ sounds imitative of their meanings (emotional or ethical tone )
litotes or understatment
used to enhance impressiveness
hyperbole
for heightened effect
tone words
angry, fanciful, joking,detached, apologetic, peaceful, sarcastic, zealous, frivolous, shocking, proud, provocative, sad, upset, boring, happy, hollow, horrific, objective, wistful, irreverent, seductive, giddy, moral, sentimental, complimentary, ocndescending, sympathetic, humorous, allusive, nostalgic, benevolent, audcious, restrained, pitiful, indignant, sharp, urgent, poignant, confused, childish, mocking, vexed, tired, bitter, somber, dramatic, sharp, cold, silly, afraid, sweet, joyful, vibrant, dreamy, candid, didactic, dry