Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

61 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

1-11: Protohistory
12-25: Life of Abraham
25-27: Isaac
28-38: Jacob
39-50: Joseph

1-4: Intro and Moses
5-15:21: Yahweh overpowers pharoah
15:22-18: Testing in Wilderness
19-24: Covenant with Yahweh
25-31: Worship of Yahweh
32-35: Israel's unfaithfulness (golden calf)
36-40: Israel obeys YHWH

1-7 Sacrifices (burnt, grain, fellowship, sin, guilt)
8-10 Ordination of Priests (10 Nadab and Abihu)
11-15 Regulations for Cleanliness
16 Day of Atonement
17-27 Holiness Laws
1-10 Preparation to leave Sinai
10-25 Rebellion and wandering
26-36 Census and directions
Covenant Restated

1-4 Review of God’s goodness
5-26 Review of Law
5- Ten Commandments
6- Shema
27-30 Covenant Blessing and curses
31-34 Moses dies
Salvation is from the LORD

1-5 Oracles against Judah’s
6 Isaiah's Call and Commission
7-12 Book of Emmanuel
13-23 Oracles against the Nations
24-27 Little Apocalypse
28-29 Egyptian Agitation
30-33 Judgment and Blessing
34-39 Historical Bridge
40-55 Servant of the Lord
56-66 Restoration of Zion
Judgment against Judah

1-3 Jeremiah’s Call
4-6 Evil Heart Condemned
7-10 Idolatry
11-17 Judgment for Breaking the Covenant
18-22 The Lord’s Right to Judge
23 The Righteous Branch
24-36 Exile and Restoration
37-38 Jeremiah Imprisoned
39 The Fall of Jerusalem
40-51 Judgment against the Nations
52 Historical Appendix: Fall of Jerusalem
People's faithlessness leads to God's judgment

1-24 Oracles of Judgment Against Israel
1-3 Ezekiel’s First Vision
4-5 Symbolic Acts of Jerusalem’s siege
6-7 Divine Judgment Explained
8-11 Corrupted Temple Vision
12 Symbolic Acts of Jerusalem’s siege
13-24 Divine Judgment Explained
25-32 Oracles of Judgment against the Nations
33-48 Oracles of Consolation for Israel
33 The Watchman
34 The Good Shepherd
36-39 Renewal and Restoration
40-48 Renewed Temple
God's sovereign rule over remnant in exile

1-6 Daniel's Story
1 -Captivity in Babylon
2 -Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream
3 -Fiery Furnace
4 -Neb’s 2nd Dream
5 -Handwriting on the Wall
6 -Daniel in the Lion’s Den
7-12 Daniel's Prophecy
7 -Daniel’s Dream of Four Beasts
8-12 -Daniel’s Visions
-Ram and a Goat
-70 “Sevens”
-Israel’s future
“Fulfillment”/Discourse-oriented gospel

1-2 The Background to Who Jesus Is
3-20 Jesus’ Public Ministry
3 Baptism
4 Temptation
5-7 Sermon on the Mount Discourse
10 Calling/sending of the apostles (discourse)
13 Parables of the Kingdom (discourse)
14 Feeds the 5,000
16 Peter’s Confession
17 Transfiguration
18 Discourse on the kingdom of heaven as it relates to the church
21-28 Passion Week
21 Triumphal entry
24-25 Discourse on Jerusalem’s destruction
26 Last Supper
28 Resurrection
“Jesus as the Lord”/action-oriented gospel
1 – 10 Jesus’ Public Ministry
1 John the Baptists ministry (1-8); Jesus’ Baptism (9-13)
3 Calling/sending of the apostles
4 Parables of the Kingdom
5 Geresene Demoniac
6 Apostles sent out; feeding of 5,000
8 Peter’s Confession
9 Transfiguration
10 Rich Young Ruler; “Son of Man came to give His life as a ransom for many”
11 - 16 Passion Week
11 Triumphal entry
14 Last Supper
16 Resurrection
- “Certainty of faith”
1-2 Birth of John and Jesus
3-19 Public Ministry
4 Temptation
6 Blessing
9 Transfiguration
10 Good Samaritan
11 Lord’s Prayer
15 Prodigal Son
19-24 Passion
21 Last Things
24 Ascension
”that you may believe”
1 Incarnation
2-11 Public Ministry
3 Nicodemus
4 Woman at the Well/ spirit and truth
6 Bread of life/ feed 5000
10 Good shepherd
11 Lazarus
12-21 Passion
13-17 Upper Room Discourse
15 Vine and the Branches
17 High Priestly Prayer
20 Doubting Thomas
1-12 Peter and Jewish Christianity
1-7 Jerusalem and Judea
1 Ascension of Christ
2 Pentecost
3-4 Jewish Opposition
5 Ananias & Sapphira
6 First Deacons
7 Stoning of Stephen
8-12 Samaria and Coast
8 Jerusalem Church Scattered
9 Saul’s Conversion
10-11 Cornelius / Gospel to Gentiles
13-28 Paul and Gentile Christianity
13-14 First Journey
13 Cyprus / Pisidian Antioch
14 Iconium / Lystra & Derbe
15-17 Second Journey
15 Jerusalem Council
16 Philippi
17 Thessalonica / Berea / Athens
18-21 Third Journey
18 Corinth
19 Ephesus
20 Macedonia / Greece (Farewell to Ephesians Elders)
21 Jerusalem
22-28 Prison in Palestine, Rome
22 Defense to Jewish Crowd
23 Defense Before Sanhedrin
24 Defense Before Felix
25 Defense Before Festus
26 Defense Before Agrippa
27 Shipwreck
28 Malta / Rome
1:1-17 -The Gospel of God and Paul’s eagerness to share it
1:18-3:20 -The wrath of God against all humankind
3:21-8:39 -The grace of God in the gospel
9-11 -The plan of God for Jews and Gentiles
12:1-15:13 -The will of God for changed relationships
15:14-16:27 -The providence of God in the ministry of Paul
1 Corinthians
The Gospel Applied to Challenges within the Church
1-4 Concerning Divisions
1 Divisions; Foolishness of the Gospel
2 Spirit teaches Spiritual things
3 Christ as the only Foundation
4 Ministers are servants
5-6 Reproving Concerning Immorality
5 Immoral Situation Condemned
6 Concerning Immorality
7-16 Addressing Specific Concerns
7 Marriage
8 Meat Offered to Idols
9 Forbearance and Self-discipline
10 In all seek others’ good and God’s glory
11 Women and worship, the Lord’s Supper
12 Unity of Spiritual Gifts for Body’s Good
13 Love
14 Practice of Spiritual Gifts
15 Concerning Christ’s Resurrection
16 Instructions with Encouragement
2 Corinthians
Reconciliation; Paul’s Defense of the Gospel Ministry

1 Paul’s Suffering and Integrity on Behalf of the Gospel
2 Reconciling to Sweet Aroma
3 Glory of the Spirit’s Ministry
4 God’s Work in Earthen Vessels
5 God Reconciling the Lost
6 Paul’s Struggles During Ministry
7 Paul’s Heart for the Corinthians
8 Macedonian Generosity
9 God’s Generosity
10 The Church’s Ministry: Boasting in the Lord
11 Defense of Paul’s Ministry
12 Paul’s Thorn in the Flesh
13 Christ’s grace: our benefit
: Freedom (From The Law)
The classic statement of the doctrine of justification by grace through faith. It was written to counter teachers who believed a person must keep the Jewish law in order to be right with God.

Outline #1
1-2 Basis: Right Word (Revelation from God)
3-4 Belief: Right standing with God by grace through faith
5-6 Behavior: Right living through God's Spirit

Outline #2
1. Paul Warns Against Contrary Gospel
2. Paul Discusses Issues Surrounding Jerusalem Council
3. Paul Reveals Faith Brings Righteousness
4. Paul Encourages Believers to Consider Sonship in Christ
5. Paul Teaches Believers to Walk by the Spirit
6. Paul Tells Believers to Bear One Another's Burdens
1:1-14 Spiritual Blessings in Christ
1:15-23 Paul’s Pastoral Prayer
2:1-10 Dead in sin / Alive in Christ
2:11-22 Unity in Christ
3:1-13 Paul’s Gentile Ministry
3:14-21 Paul’s Second Pastoral Prayer
4:1-16 Living out the gospel through gifts
4:17- 5:21 Living as redeemed humanity
5:22-6:9 Marriage, Family, and Authority relationships
6:10-24 Armor of God and Final Greetings
1:1-11 Prayer of Thanksgiving
1:12-30 Paul’s ministry from prison
2:1-18 Christ’s humility as the example
2:19-30 Timothy and Epaphroditus’ example
3:1-11 No confidence in the flesh
3:12-4:1 Pressing toward the goal of the gospel
4:2-9 Paul’s exhortation to prayer
4:10-20 Paul’s thanksgiving for the generosity of the Philippians
Supremacy of Christ
1:1-14 Prayer and thanks for the Colossians
1:15-23 Supremacy of Christ
1:24-2:5 Paul’s Gospel Ministry
2:6-23 Freedom in Christ expressed in daily living
3:1-17 Set your heart on things above
3:18-4:1 Christian relationships in the home and workplace
4:2-18 Final greetings and exhortations to pray
Christ is better
1:1-3 Christ’s Supremacy to OT prophets
1:4-2:18 Christ’s Supremacy to angels
3:1-19 Christ’s Supremacy to Moses
4:1-13 Christ’s Supremacy to Joshua
5:1-7:28 Christ’s Supremacy to OT priests
8:1-10:18 Christ’s work is supreme over OT priests’ work
10:19-13:17 Christ opens new and living way
13:18-25 Conclusion
Christ is better
1:1-3 Christ’s Supremacy to OT prophets
1:4-2:18 Christ’s Supremacy to angels
3:1-19 Christ’s Supremacy to Moses
4:1-13 Christ’s Supremacy to Joshua
5:1-7:28 Christ’s Supremacy to OT priests
8:1-10:18 Christ’s work is supreme over OT priests’ work
10:19-13:17 Christ opens new and living way
13:18-25 Conclusion
Israel takes possession of the land as Joshua leads them to follow God. Gives a history of Israel's conquering of the Promised land.
The book of Joshua continues the historical account of the Israelites' entrance into Canaan, recording events following the death of Moses. It depicts the conquest of the promised land (1-11) and the division of the territory among the twelve tribes (12-24).

1-4 Entering the Promised land
5-12 Conquering the Promised land
13-24 Dividing the Promised land
A spiraling cycle of Israel’s disobedience and God’s gracious intercession. Shows that God's judgment against sin is certain, and his forgiveness of sin and restoration of relationship is just as certain for those whom he loves.
The account of Israel from the conquest of Canaan to the judgeship of Samuel. The book bridges the gap between the death of Joshua and the inauguration of the monarchy and shows the moral and political degradation of a people who neglected their godly heritage and compromised their-faith with the surrounding paganism. It was period in which Israel had no king and everyone did as he saw fit.

1-2 Military failure of Israel
3-16 Deliverance through judges
17-21 Moral failure of Israel
The account of the young gentle widow Ruth, who followed her mother-in-law, Naomi, back to Bethlehem. There she gains the favor of Boaz, her kinsman redeemer, who takes her as his wife and she becomes and ancestor of David and of Christ.

1 Naomi return to Bethlehem from Moab with Ruth
2 Ruth gleans in the field of Naomi's kinsman Boaz
3 Ruth appeals to Boaz as kinsman redeemer
4 Ruth marries Boaz
1 Samuel
The account of the transition of leadership in Israel from judges to kings. Three characters play a prominent role in this book, which accounts the rise of the prophet Samuel, the reign and rejection of Saul, and the beginning of David’s rule

1-7 Samuel’s early years
4-7 war with Philistines
7-15 Samuel with Saul
16-31 Samuel with David
2 Samuel
- David
The account of David’s kingship over Israel

1-8 David’s early reign
9-20 David and his Court
9- Mephibosheth
21-24 Prologue
23- Mighty Men
24 Census
1 Kings
Monarchy under Solomon and his successors.

1-10 United Kingdom
12-22 Divided Kingdom
2 Kings
Follows the prophets and kings of the late divided kingdom, the fall of the northern kingdom and later the fall of Judah

1-17 Divided Kingdom
18-25 Surviving Kingdom
1 Chronicles
Positive Portrait of David

1-9 Genealogies
10-29 Reign of David
10-12 bringing arc to Jerusalem
13-17 planning the temple
2 Chronicles
Positive Portrait of Judah

1-9 Solomon’s reign
10-36 Kingdom of Judah
Continues the Old Testament narrative of 2 Chronicles by showing how God fulfills his promise to return his people to the Land of Promise after seventy years of exile. This second "exodus" of the people is less impressive in that only a remnant chose to leave Babylon. Ezra relates the story of two returns from Babylon-the first under Zerubbabel to rebuild the temple and the second under Ezra to rebuild the spiritual condition of the people.

1-6 First return-Zerubbabel
33-49 Second return-Ezra
Nehemiah leads the final return to Jerusalem after the Babylonian exile. His concern for Jerusalem and her inhabitants prompts him to call on the people to rebuild the walls of Jerusalem in spite of opposition from her neighbors and resistance from within.

1- 7 Rebuilding the walls
8-13 Reforming the people
Though this book never mentions the name of God, his sovereignty and loving care for his people is seen throughout the book. This book shows the story of life for the Jews in Persia. Haman's plot to bring disaster to the Jews in countered by the courage of beautiful Esther and the counsel of her wise cousin Mordicai, resulting in a great deliverance which is celebrated by the Feast of Purim.

1-2 Esther becomes queen
3-4 Jews are threatened
5-8 Esther intercedes
9-10 Jews are delivered
Living without knowing all the answers to life's questions
Song of Songs
Covenant love between husband and wife
Jeremiah weeps over his suffering and the disobedience, and impending judgment of the peoples’; affirms God’s faithfulness in spite of circumstances
Written to the N. Kingdom of Israel. Outwardly the nation was enjoying a time of prosperity and growth; but inwardly, moral corruption and spiritual adultery permeated the lives of the people. The prophet Hosea was instructed to marry an unfaithful wife, and he found his own life a vivid illustration of the unfaithfulness of God’s people and the faithfulness of God. Hosea repeatedly echoes the threefold message: God abhors the sins of his people; judgment is certain; but God’s love stands firm.

1-3 Hosea’s marriage
4-8 Sin and guilt
9-10 Judgment
11-14 Restoration
Disaster struck the southern kingdom of Judah in the form of a cloud of locusts. In a matter of hours, the fields were stripped bare, and the Prophet Joel seized the opportunity to proclaim God’s message. The Locusts were seen as a foreshadowing of the coming day of the Lord. In light of this, the book warns of approaching judgment, calls for repentance and gives god’s people hope of the coming day of salvation that will follow judgment

1 Day of Judgment
2-3 Day of the Lord
Addresses the excessive pursuit of luxury, self-indulgence, and oppression of the poor, which characterized the period of prosperity and success in the Northern Kingdom of Israel under Jereboam II. Israel cannot be content to be complacent about her standing before God. AS she embraces the judgment coming against the nations so she must acknowledge that she is under the same (if not higher) obligation to honor the LORD. Vision of plumb line, basket of ripe fruit- Prepare to meet your God.

1-2 announcement of judgment
3-6 reasons for judgment
7-8 visions of judgment
9 restoration of Davidic kingdom
Doom of Edom
Shortest book in the OT. Edom is condemned for cruelty towards Judah. Obadiah, pronounced condemnation against Edom and prophesied their total destruction because of their persistent opposition to God’s people.

1-16 Edom’s destruction
17-21 restoration
Grace and Mercy in Nineveh
God loves the world and its people, even the godless (Nineveh) and the hardhearted (Jonah). God accomplishes his purposes despite the defects of his servants. Jonah learns that “salvation is of the Lord” (2:9), and God’s grace extends to all who respond to his message with repentance. Jewish nationalism blinds God’s covenant people to his compassion for Gentiles. God fishes for men: both the Gentile people of Nineveh and his reluctant servant Jonah. [Sources: Meek’s packet, Talk Thru the Bible, Wilkinson and Boa].

1-2 First Commission of Jonah
3-4 Second Commission of Jonah
: Lawsuit
Burdened by the abuse of the poor, the book of Micah rebukes anyone who would use social status or political power for personal gain. Micah divides into three section which 1) expose the sin of his countrymen, 2) pictures the punishment God is about to send, and 3) holds out the hope of restoration once that discipline has ended. Micah points to a restoration of God's work in Judah. Has similarities to Isaiah.

1-2 Sin and judgment
3-5 Hope and comfort
6-7 Controversy and pardon
Nineveh Falls
In contrast to Jonah, whose ministry resulted in Nineveh's repentance, the prophet Nahum proclaims the downfall of the great Assyrian city of Nineveh. The Ninevites have forgotten their revival and have returned to their habits of violence, idolatry, and arrogance. As a result, Babylon will so destroy the city that no trace of it will remain-a prophecy fulfilled in painful detail.

1 Justice--Psalm of the Lord's Majesty
2 Judgment--Dirge of Nineveh's Destruction
Habakkuk prophesied during the decline of Judah. Although repeatedly called to repentance, the nation stubbornly refused to change her sinful ways. Asking how long this intolerable situation would continue, Habakkuk is told by God that the Babylonians will be his chastening rod on the nation-an announcement that sends the prophet to his knees. Though perplexed, Habakkuk acknowledges that the just in any generation shall live by faith, not by sight, and he concludes by praising God's wisdom even though he doesn't fully understand God's ways. Why no justice? How can God use Babylon?

1 Complaint
2 Listening
3 Prayer
The Day of the Lord
Zephaniah is a minor prophet with a major interest in the appointed day of the Lord for the judgement of all humans. The book centers around the initial warning that the day of the Lord is coming and applies the coming judgement to Judah, Assyria, and several other surrounding nations. The book closes with a vision of the future of Jerusalem and the hope of blessing and solace in the Messiah.

1 Day of wrath
2 Desolation
3 Day of deliverance
Build the House of the Lord!!
Haggai confronts those who prefer to build their own “paneled houses” while the temple of God remains in a ruin state. The result of these circumstances is that the Lord has withheld blessings from the land until the priority of the Lord’s house is restored. Once work begins, God freely restores his blessings upon the people and the land.

1 Charge to rebuild and work begun
2 Exhortation to finish
The Messiah is Coming
Zechariah is sent by the Lord to encourage the people of God to remain diligent in their rebuilding of the temple because it will one day be the habitation of the Messiah. The majority of the book is visionary and imagistic.

1-8 Visions related to the rebuilding of the temple and spiritual renewal
9-14 Two oracles concerning the Messiah’s rejection and eventual reign.
The Messenger of the Lord
Malachi is God’s messenger to his rebellious people. His message is one of judgement and confrontation for the corruption of the priests, the self-righteousness of the people, and the generally accepted wickedness of the culture. The format of the book is dialogical, in which Malachi asks a question, the people provide an answer, and there is a response from the Lord. Some of the topics addressed in Malachi include, divorce, tithing, worship, and hypocrisy. Malachi ends with a promise of a redeemer after the fashion of the great prophet Elijah.

1 Unfit worship exposed
2 Corruption of priesthood and unfaithfulness of Judah
3 The day of Judgment promised and Improper stewardship exposed
4The Day of the Lord and the promise of a redeemer.
1 Thess
: Keep On—Christ Is Coming
Paul writes with gratitude and affection to a church that he had visited only briefly. He offers words of encouragement to a faithful but struggling church, and focuses particularly on the encouragement offered by the return of Christ.

1-3 Faithfulness to the Lord
4-5 Watchfulness for the Lord
2 Thess
Hold On—Christ Is Coming
Paul writes with gratitude and affection to a church that he had visited only briefly. He offers words of encouragement to a faithful but struggling church, and focuses particularly on clarifying misunderstanding concerning the return of Christ.

1 Encouragement in persecution
2-3 Correction concerning Christ's coming
1 Tim
Order In The Church
Now aged, and experienced, Paul writes his young protege in the faith, Timothy, a young pastor facing heavy responsibility. Paul's letter provides Timothy with encouragement in ministry.

1 Instruction in right belief
2-3 Instructions for the church [3 church officers]
4-6 Instructions for leaders
2 Tim
Lead The Church
Paul's second letter provides Timothy with if encouragement towards continued faithfulness in ministry and Paul' s last words to Timothy.

1-2 Foundations of Christian service
3-4 Difficult times for Christian service
Teach The Church
Written to an associate of Paul who worked as Paul's apostolic representative. This brief letter focuses on Titus's role and responsibility in the organization and supervision of the churches on the island of Crete

1 Who should lead
2-3 What to teach
The briefest of Paul's letters, it is a model of courtesy, discretion and loving concern for the forgiveness of one who would otherwise face sever consequences.

1-7 Paul appreciation of Philemon
8-25 Paul's appeal for Onesimus
Faith Expresses Itself Through Works
To expose hypocritical practices and to teach right Christian behavior. James exhorts the believer to exercise faith through good works. Faith without works cannot be called faith. Faith without works is dead, and a dead faith is worse than no faith at all. Faith must work; is must produce; mere mental assent is insufficient. Throughout his epistle to Jewish believers, James integrates true faith and everyday practical experience by stressing that true faith must manifest itself in works of faith.

1 Genuine religion
2-3 Genuine faith
3-5 Genuine wisdom
1 Peter
Faith Withstanding Suffering
To offer encouragement to suffering Christians. Addresses Christians facing persecution for their faith. As a comfort, Peter reminds them of their heavenly inheritance and he encourages them to live lives of submission to God.

1-2 Salvation
2-3 Submission
3-5 Suffering
2 Peter
Faith Upholds The Truth
To warn Christians about false teachers (who denied Christ's return) and to exhort them to grow in their faith and knowledge of Christ. The best antidote for error is a mature understanding of the truth.

1 Truth about the gospel
2 Truth about false teachers
3 Truth about Christ's return
1 John
: Fellowship With God
Reassures Christians in their faith and counters false teaching. John wrote this fatherly epistle out of loving concern for his "children" whose steadfastness in the truth was being threatened by the lure of worldliness and the guile of false teachers.

1-2 God is light
2-4 God is love
5 God is life
: Preserve the Faith
Reminds the church of the need for constant vigilance--to keep strong in the faith and to
defend in against heresy. Many New Testament epistles defend against the problem of
false teachers, but Jude is relentless and passionate in his denunciation of apostate teachers
who have invaded the church.

1-16 Danger of false teachers.
17-25 Duty to fight for God's truth.