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35 Cards in this Set

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Jesus, The Greatest Missionary
1. personal preparation- what things Jesus did to prepare himself for his ministry (baptism, fasting, temptation, learning of the scriptures)
2. Identification with the Culture
3. Teaching Methods
4. Training of Leadership
5. Goal Directed Life and Activity
Definition of Missionary of Anthropology
-the study of people
-the study of the similarities and diversities of human cultures designed to equip evangelists to communicate cross-culturally
Definition of Culture
-the more or less integrated systems of ideas, feelings, and values and their associated patterns of behavior and products shared by a group of people who organize and regulate what they think, feel, and do.
-is the integrated system of learned behavior which are characteristics of the members of a society and which are not the result of biological inheritance.
Enculturation
-born into particular socio-cultural contexts
-conditioned by society to accept cultural patterns
-shaped by culture transmitted by adults in our life
-we influence and reshape our culture
Ethnocentrism
-thinking our culture is the best, viewing others with our own cultural glasses. The only cure is "cross-cultural" perspective
What are the Dimensions of Culture?
1. cognitive- ideas, knowledge, logic
2. affective- feelings, tastes, definitions of beauty
3. evaluative- what's good or bad
Enculturation
the process by which a child learns culture
Acculturation
the process by which an individual learns about and becomes functional in a culture/society other than his own
Culture Shock
is the disorientation we experience when all the cultural maps and guidelines we learned as children no longer work
The Causes of Cultural Shock
1. new language
2. routine changes
3. relationship changes
4. loss of understanding
5. emotional and value disorientation
The cycle of culture shock
1. tourist or honeymoon stage
2. disenchantment or disability
3. resolution. humor is important
4. adjustment, skills are sharpening, control is returning
5. reverse culture shock
Overcoming Culture Shock
1. defeat individualism with God's help
2. surrender our competiveness
3. know before you go
4. set realistic goals
5. be humble
6. care for your family
7. share your burdens with others
8. recreate and discover areas of the new culture that you love
World View
-the belief that values and behaviors are based on core assumptions
-refers to the central assumption, concepts that are more or less shared by the members of a culture or subculture
5 Functional premises
1. The explanation of how and why things got to be as they are and how and why they continue or change
2. psychological reinforcement for the group
3. a means by which we evaluate our culture and our individual experiences
5. an adaptational function world view tends to be resistant to change
5 World View Qusetions
1. Where are we and what is this place like?
2. Who are we and where are we going?
3. What is the problem?
4. What is the solution?
5. How do we know what we know and what's truth?
Transcultural
essential and universal elements of the Gospel that churches and Christians cannot do without. Matters of teaching whcih are so important that they determine our circle of fellowship.
Exegesis
leading out of the text
Hermeneutic
to interpret, to what it means today
Homiletics
the art of communicating the message
contextualization
determining what forms are appropriate in another culture
;Emic View
"insider's view" perspective of learning from the inside
Etic View
"outsider's view" objective perspective not tied to any on culture
Steps to Identification
1. die to self
2. learn the language
3. study the culture, literature, history
4. establish personal relationships
5. participate: funerals, hospitals, births, work
6. adjust standard of living
Purpose of Language
to communicate
language
-an arbitrary system of vocal and visual symbols employed by members of a society for a variety of interpersonal and intrapersonal purposes
Characteristics of langauage
1. learned- primary vehicle of enculturation
2. vocal- what is written is a symbolization of language
3. complex- there's no such things as a primitive language
4. unique- arbirtary nature, similar when evolving from same language
5. adaptable- selective borrowing, new vocabulary
Nonverbal communication
35% verbal, 65% nonverbal
kinds:
1. physical characteristics
2. body motion
3. spatial
4. touching behavior
5. paralanguage
6. temporal language
7. artifacts
Tips to language learning
1. make it first step in on the field training
2. participate in host situation
3. respect the people
4. consider language learning a way to demonstrate God's love
5. make language learning life long proposition
3 Tools of Theology
1. Premises- beginning points
2. Categories- what are we going to think about
3. Methodology- "how" of elaboration
Ethnotheology
1. leads to salvation
2. centers on the person and purpose of Christ
3. speaks to the felt needs of the intended audience
4. equips new Christians to face specific cultural challenges
Two Stages of Ethnoltheology
1. proclamation- original evanglization
2. confirmation- teaching that stabilizes, deepens faith, enables Christians to face cultural challenges
Biblical examples of relevant theology
1. Acts 8- Ethiopian Eunoch
2. John 6- Messianic Messiah
3. John 4- Living water
4. Luke 5:1-11 work for a fisher man
How to develop an ethnotheology
1. observe needs
2. record reoccurring objectives
3. discover dissonance or inconsistencies
Hesselgraves 4 stages of cross cultural communication
1. definition
2. selection
3. adaptation
4. application
3 types of culture
1. material culture- objects created for utility and entertainment
2. expressive culture- music
3. ritual culture- life cycle rites, birth, infant baptism...