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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
TG-1 population/generation
"According to UN estimates in 2005, approximately 3% of the population was over 65 years of age, with another 45% of the population under 15 years of age"
p616
d
TG-2 clans
"Ethnic Somalis, who make up about 85% of the population, are divided into two main clan families: the Samaal, which includes the Darod, Isaaq, Hawiye, and Dir clan groups; and the Saab, which includes the Rahanweyn and Digil clans and other smaller clan groups. The Samaal are principally nomadic or seminomadic pastoralists; the Digil and Rahanweyn are primarily farmers and sedentary herders." p616
d
TG-3 clans
"There are also small Bantu-groups who living along the Shabeelle and Jubba rivers. Other smaller minority groups include the Benadiri, the Rer Hamar, Brawanese, Swahili, Tumal, Yibir, Yaxar, Madhiban, Hawrasmae, Muse Dheryo, and Faqayaqub." p616
d
TG-4 clan/language
"Somali, classified as a lowland Eastern Cushitic language, is spoken by all Somalis, with dialectal differences that follow clan family divisions." p616
d
TG-7 anarchy
"Because the factional splits were not based on ideological, religious, or issue differences, but instead were quests for power and riches, there was little hope for the restoration of a central government, and by the year 2000 the country was split into four pieces—Somaliland to the far north, Puntland to the northeast, South Mogadishu" p 620
d
TG-5 religion
"The Somalis are primarily Sunni Muslims of the Shafi'i sect" p617
d
TG-6 religion
muslims obey the law of the Shariah when no conflict with local law p 617
d
TC-7(con) anarchy
controlled by Hussein Muhamad Aideed and North Mogadishu dominated by Ali Mahdi. Islamic courts took on the task of establishing law and order." p.620
d
TG-8 govt./anarchy
"Somalia is perhaps the world's best-known example of a failed state. Its governments have been as fractured as they have been ineffective, and since independence have only nominally ruled the territory within its borders." p 620
d
JG-1 CLAN
“Kismayo is an old Arab port town of 700,000 people, Somalia's third most populous city, after Mogadishu, the capital, and Hargeysa, in the north. But town elders in all three places are struggling with the same questions: how to provide security; what to do with the remaining Islamists; ..."
d
JC-2 clans (con.)
"But when he returned to Kismayo in the mid-90s after some years in the capital, the first thing he did was seek out the Marehan neighborhood, for protection. ''After all those years of sophisticated culture,'' he said, ''we've basically gone back to the bush.''”
d
JG-2 clans
“Dahir Ali Barre, the leader of a small Kismayo political organization, said that when he was a teenager in Mogadishu in the early 1970s, he did not know which clan he belonged to. It was not until 1974, when he was sent to a village in Somalia's barren interior as part of a national effort to foster cross-clan understanding, that Mr. Barre learned he was a Marehan.
d
JG-3 clan
“Already it seems that clan militia leaders are well positioned. The big man in Kismayo is Barre Aadan Shire, the transitional government's defense minister and a former warlord, whose strong jaw, natty goatee and bald head lend him an uncanny resemblance to Lenin..."
d
JG-4 anarchy
''After nearly two decades of anarchy,'' said Abdi Artan Adan, a retired diplomat in Kismayo, ''people just don't want to be ruled.''
d
JG-5 anarchy
''It's a custom for Somalis to attack someone who doesn't have weapons,'' said Sultan Abdi Rashid Dure, a leader of the Galjel subclan. ''When I was young, we used knives.''
d
RC-2 Anarchy
“Mogadishu remains awash with weapons held by people too scared to give them up.”
d
RC-3 CLAN
“With the Islamists defeated - at least for the time being - all eyes are on the old warlords who used to rule Mogadishu.

At least one says he has no intention of handing over his weapons until the city is secure.”
d
RC-4 CLAN
“Mohamed Qanyare Afrah, who commands 1,500 men, says his force exists to protect his kinsmen from their rivals in Mogadishu's main Hawiye clan.”
d
RC-5 CLAN
“"If you disarm one clan, and you do not disarm the other clan, then that other clan will take the benefit of that, creating insecurity," Mr. Qanyare says. "So what I'm saying is that they must disarm simultaneously," which, he says, would require a well- coordinated nationwide program. "That cannot happen any time soon."”
d
RC-6 Govt./week
"But when the deadline came and went Thursday with only a handful of weapons turned in, the government was forced to back down. Mogadishu now has three months to disarm, according to the deputy prime minister."
d
RC-7 Discription
Mogadishu:
“A city armed to the teeth”
d
GIM-1 anarchy/clan
“True, countless gunmen still roam the streets, heavily armed warlords still command authority and the seeds of a possible guerrilla movement may be taking root.”
d
GIM-1 anarchy/clan
“True, countless gunmen still roam the streets, heavily armed warlords still command authority and the seeds of a possible guerrilla movement may be taking root.”
d
GIM-2 anarchy
“As soon as the Islamists left, looters rushed into the streets and smashed up stores and ran away with televisions and cellphones. But by midafternoon, the brief burst of anarchy was over and transitional government troops had arrived on the outskirts of town.”
d
GIM-3 Resistance to order
"Clan leaders were skeptical about whether he would succeed, and many Somalis seemed dead set against it. ''They're trying to neuter us,'' said Muhammad Duudo, an unemployed car mechanic. ''And it's not going to happen. Just wait until the full moon passes and the darkness comes.''"
d
GIM-4 Cooperation
"At the same time, Kismayo clan elders were pleading with the Islamists to leave. The elders said the Islamists did not stand a chance, and they were worried that their city was about to be flattened. Clan elders in Mogadishu similarly decided last week that the Islamists were a losing cause and pulled their troops and weapons out of the movement."
d
GIM-5 GOVT
"Abdi Sallah, a pharmacist in Mogadishu, said he thought that the new government was heading in the right direction but that it needed to step gingerly. ''So, we ask all the militia to turn in their weapons and then what happens?'' he said. ''Do they become part of a national army or do they become unemployed? Have these guys thought all this through?''"
d
SW-1 anarchy
“Regional analysts and officials say the expulsion from Mogadishu of the Islamic Courts Union, a loose coalition of Muslim organizations that until Christmas controlled most of Somalia presents an opening, but they cautioned that unless international peacekeepers deploy swiftly in support of the newly installed government, the country could slip back into the chaos that swept the militias to power in the first place.”
d
JC-1 (con.) CLAN
how to determine the proper role for religion, an important theme in Somali society; and how to unify rival clans, rebuild infrastructure and live with the Ethiopians. Many Somalis say they are starting at less than zero.”
d
JC-3(con.) clan
He says many people in Kismayo have asked him to reach out to the Islamists, but he does not want to. The last of the Islamist fighters have retreated to the Kenya border, about 150 miles away.”
d