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13 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
general features of the fungi kingdom
- cell wall made of chitin
- heterotrophic
- safrotrophic
- non motal during growing phase
- multicellular
- reproduce by spores
features of yeast
- single cells most of the time
- cell wall- chitin and cellulose
- asexually - budding
- sexually- spore formation
comparison of a yeast to other fungi
fungi has hypha and fruiting bodies
hypha
long thin threads of cytoplasm
septa
dividing walls that separates thread into individual units
coenocytic
hypha with no dividing walls
mycelium
mass of hypha
fruiting body
reproductive structure that will produce spores
thallus
term for entire fungus
what conditions are necessary to consider when growing (or not) fungi
- moist, dark, warm
- tolerant of high salt and sugar
- organic nutrient supply, dead, manur
- cold/warm
- slightly acidic 5.6 ph
- dry
- form spores
4 divisions of fungi
- zygomycetes
- ascomycetes
- basdiomycetes
- deutermoycetes
what is a lichen? where do they grow? how do they obtain minerals? what are they sensitive to and why?
lichen - combination of fungus and green algae. fungus is base, green algae is food maker, grow in places too inhospital for anything else; rock surfaces, tree bark. obtain minerals thro air, sensitive to air pollution
why are fungi important to nature? what are they used for commerically? and medically?
fungi are decomposers, they break down all wastes and are recyclers. commerically - food or food making, wine and beer industry, bread-making, dairy productions and other formented food products. medically - pharmacuetical industry, drungs, anitboitcs, pelliclin causes dieases, chesnut blight, cereal rust, atheletes foot.