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81 Cards in this Set

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1) SEPTEMBER 19
STATES OF MATTER

2ND PERIOD
THE PHYSICAL FORMS IN WHICH A SUBSSTANCE CAN EXIST.
2) SEPTEMEBER 19
SOLID

2ND PERIOD
THE STATE IN WHICH MATTER HAS A DEFINITE SHAPE AND VOLUME.
1) SEPTEMBER 20
CRYSTALLINE SOLID

2ND PERIOD
A SOLID IN WHICH THE PARTICLES HAVE A VERY ORDERLY ARRANGEMENT.
2) SEPTEMBER 20
AMORPHOUS SOLID

2ND PERIOD
A SOLID IN WHICH THE PARTICLES DO NOT HAVE AN ORDERLY ARRANGEMENT.
1) SEPTEMBER 21
LIQUID

2ND PERIOD
THE STATE IN WHICH MATTER TAKES THE SHAPE OF ITS CONTAINER AND HAS A DEFINITE VOLUME.
2) SEPTEMBER 21
GAS

2ND PERIOD
THE STATE IN WHICH MATTER CHANGES BOTH ITS SHAPE AND ITS VOLUME.
1) SEPTEMBER 22
1) SEPTEMBER 22
PRESSURE

2ND PERIOD
THE AMOUNT OF FORCE EXERTED ON A GIVEN AREA.
2) SEPTEMBER 22
BOYLE'S LAW

2ND PERIOD
STATES THAT IF THE PRESSURE ON A GAS INCREASES, THE VOLUME WILL DECREASE.
3) SEPTEMBER 22
CHARLES'S LAW

2ND PERIOD
STATES THAT AS THE TEMPERATURE OF A GAS INCREASES, THE VOLUME ALSO INCREASES.
1) SEPTEMBER 25
VISCOSITY

2ND PERIOD
THE RESISTANCE OF A LIQUID TO FLOW.(HONEY IS MORE VISCOUS THAN WATER.)
2) SEPTEMBER 25
COHESION

2ND PERIOD
THE TENDENCY OF PARTICLES TO HOLD TOGETHER.
1) SEPTEMBER 26
FREEZING

2ND PERIOD
THE CHANGE OF STATE FROM A LIQUID TO A SOLID.
2) SEPTEMBER 26
MELTING

2ND PERIOD
THE CHANGE OF STATE FROM A SOLID TO A LIQUID.
*FREEZING AND MELTING OCCUR AT THE SAME TEMPERATURE.
1) SEPTEMBER 27
VAPORIZATION

2ND PERIOD
THE CHANGE OF A SUBSTANCE FROM A LIQUID TO A GAS.
2) SEPTEMBER 27
BOILING

2ND PERIOD
VAPORIZATION THAT OCCURS THROUGHOUT A LIQUID.
3) SEPTEMBER 27
EVAPORATION

2ND PERIOD
VAPORIZATION THAT OCCURS AT THE SURFACE OF A LIQUID BELOW ITS BOILING POINT.
1) OCTOBER 2
CONDENSATION

2ND PERIOD
THE CHANGE FROM A GAS TO A LIQUID.
2) OCTOBER 2
SUBLIMATION

2ND PERIOD
THE CHANGE FROM A SOLID TO A GAS.
1) OCTOBER 4
ENDOTHERMIC CHANGE

2ND PERIOD
A CHANGE IN WHICH ENERGY IS ABSORBED OR TAKEN IN BY THE SUBSTANCE.
2) OCTOBER 4
EXOTHERMIC CHANGE

2ND PERIOD
A CHANGE IN WHICH ENERGY IS RELEASED OR REMOVED FROM THE SUBSTANCE.
1) OCTOBER 5
ELEMENT

2ND PERIOD
A PURE SUBSTANCE MADE UP OF ONLY ONE KIND OF ATOM.
2) OCTOBER 5
COMPOUND

2ND PERIOD
A PURE SUBSTANCE MADE UP OF ATOMS OF TWO OR MORE ELEMENTS BONDED TOGEHTER.
3) OCTOBER 5
MOLECULE

2ND PERIOD
TWO OR MORE ATOMS BONDED TOGETHER-MAY BE AN ELEMENT OR A COMPOUND.
1) OCTOBER 6
HOMOGENEOUS MIXTURE

2ND PERIOD
THE SAME THROUGHOUT. MADE UP OF PARTICLES SO SMALL THAT YOU CANNOT SEE THEM, EVEN WITH A STANDARD MICROSCOPE.
2) OCTOBER 6
HETEROGENEOUS MIXTURE

2ND PERIOD
NOT THE SAME THROUGHOUT. A MIXTURE WHOSE DIFFERENT PARTICLES CAN BE IDENTIFIED.
1) OCTOBER 18
SOLUTION

2ND PERIOD
A HOMOGENEOUS MIXTURE IN WHICH ONE SUBSTANCE, THE SOLUTE, DISSOLVES INTO ANOTHER, THE SOLVENT,
2) OCTOBER 18
SUSPENSION

2ND PERIOD
A HETEROGENEOUS MIXTURE WITH LARGE PARTICLES WHICH SETTLE OUT.
3) OCTOBER 18
COLLOID

2ND PERIOD
A HETEROGENEOUS MIXTURE WITH PARTICLES LARGE ENOUGH TO DEFLECT LIGHT, BUT NOT LARGE ENOUGH TO SETTLE OUT.
1) OCTOBER 19
ALKALI METALS

2ND PERIOD
THE MOST REACTIVE METALS. THEY ARE FOUND IN GROUP 1 AND HAVE ONE OUTER SHELL ELECTRON.
2) OCTOBER 19
HALOGENS

2ND PERIOD
GROUP 17 NONMETALS WHICH HAVE SEVEN OUTER SHELL ELECTRONS AND ARE VERY REACTIVE.
1) OCTOBER 24
NOBLE GASES

2ND PERIOD
THE NOR-REACTIVE GROUP 18 NONMETALS. THEY DO NOT FORM COMPUNDS UNDER NORMAL CONDITIONS.
2) OCTOBER 24
VALENCE ELECTRONS

2ND PERIOD
THE ELECTRONS IN THE OUTER ENERGY LEVEL OF AN ATOM.
1) NOVEMBER 1
MOTION

2ND PERIOD
A CHANGE IN POSITION.
2) NOVEMBER 1
SPEED

2ND PERIOD
THE RATE IN CHANGE IN POSITION.
3) NOVEMBER 1
AVERAGE SPEED

2ND PERIOD
TOTAL DISTANCE DIVIDED BY TOTAL TIME OF TRAVEL.
1) NOVEMBER 2
GRAVITY

2ND PERIOD
THE FORCE EXERTED BY EVERY OTHER OBJECT IN THE UNIVERSE.
AMOUNT OF GRAVITY DEPENDS ON THE MASSES OF THE OBJECTS AND THE DISTANCE BETWEEN THEM.
1) NOVEMBER 3
INERTIA

2ND PERIOD
THE TENDENCY OF AN OBJECT TO RESIST ANY CHANGES IN ITS MOTION.
If it's not moving,it doesn't want to start.
If it is moving, it doesn't want to stop.
Newton's lst law.
1) NOVEMBER 7
FRICTION

2ND PERIOD
THE FORCE THAT OPPOSES MOTION BETWEEN TWO SURFACES THAT ARE TOUCHING.
The amount of friction depends upon the types of surface and the kinds of forces that are pressing the surfaces together.
1) NOVEMBER 9
VELOCITY

2ND PERIOD
THE MEASURE OF AN OBJECT'S SPEED AND DIRECTION.
2) NOVEMBER 9
ACCELERATION

2ND PERIOD
ANY CHANGE IN AN OBJECT'S VELOCITY.
1) NOVEMBER 10
AIR RESISTANCE

2ND PERIOD
THE FORCE AIR EXERTS ON AMOVING OBJECT
2) NOVEMBER 10
PROJECTILE

2ND PERIOD
ANYTHING WHICH IS THROWN OR SHOT THROUGH THE AIR.
1) NOVEMBER 13
TERMINAL VELOCITY

2ND PERIOD
THE HIGHEST VELOCITY REACHED BY A FALLING OBJECT.
2) NOVEMBER 13
CENTRIPETAL FORCE

2ND PERIOD
A FORCE THAT ACTS TOWARD THE CENTER OF A CURVED OR CIRCULAR PATH.
1) NOVEMBER 14
MOMENTUM

2ND PERIOD
THE PROPERTY AN OBJECT HAS DUE TO TIS MASS AND VELOCITY.
Momentum=mass x velocity
1) NOVEMBER 15
MACHINE

2ND PERIOD
A DEVICE THAT MAKES WORK EASIER.
2) NOVEMBER 15
SIMPLE MACHINE

2ND PERIOD
A DEVICE THAT DOES WORK WITH ONLY ONE MOVEMENT.
There are six types of simple machines.
1) NOVEMBER 16
LEVER

2ND PERIOD
A BAR, WHICH IS FREE TO PIVOT, OR TURN, AROUND A FIXED POINT.
2) NOVEMBER 16
PULLEY

2ND PERIOD
A GROOVED WHEEL WITH A ROPE OR A CHAIN RUNNING ALONG THE GROOVE.
A pulley works by changing the direction of the effort force.
1) NOVEMBER 29
INCLINED PLANE

2ND PERIOD
A SLOPING SURFACE USED TO RASIE OBJECTS.
2) NOVEMBER 29
WHEEL-AND-AXLE

2ND PERIOD
A SIMPLE MACHINE CONSISTING OF TWO WHEELS OF DIFFERENT SIZES THAT ROTATE TOGETHER.
1) NOVEMBER 30
SCREW

2ND PERIOD
AN INCLINED PLANE WITH ONE OR TWO SLOPING SIDES.
2) NOVEMBER 30
WEDGE

2ND PERIOD
AN INCLINED PLANE WITH ONE OR TWO SLOPING SIDES.
1) DECEMBER 1
CELL

2ND PERIOD
A MEMBRANE-COVERED STRUCTURE THAT CONTAINS ALL OF THE MATERIAL NECESSARY FOR LIFE.
2) DECEMBER 1
TISSUE

2ND PERIOD
A GROUP OF SIMILAR CELLS THAT WORK TOGETHER TO PERFORM SPECIFIC JOBS.
1) DECEMBER 4
ORGAN

2ND PERIOD
TWO OR MORE TISSUES WORKING TOGETHER TO PERFORM A SPECIFIC JOB.
2) DECEMBER 4
ORGAN SYSTEM

2ND PERIOD
A GROUP OF ORGANS WORKING TOGETHER TO PERFORM SPECIFIC FUNCTIONS.
1) DECEMBER 5
PROKARYOTIC CELLS

2ND PERIOD
CELLS WHICH DO NOT HAVE A NUCLEUS. BACTERIA
2) DECEMBER 5
EUKARYOTIC CELLS

2ND PERIOD
CELLS WHICH CONTAIN A NUCLEUS AND OTHER MEMBRANCE COVERED ORGANELLES.
1) DECEMBER 6
NUCLEUS

2ND PERIOD
IN EUKEAYOTIC CELLS, THE MEMBRANE-COVERED ORGANELLE WHICH HOLDS THE DNA.
2) DECEMBER 6
CYTOPLASM

2ND PERIOD
THE CELLULAR FLUID WHICH SURROUNDS THE ORGANELLES.
1) DECEMBER 7
CELL MEMBRANE

2ND PERIOD
A LAYER THAT COVERS THE CELL'S SURFACE AND ACTS AS A BARRIER BETWEEN THE INSIDE OF THE CELL AND THE ENVIROMENT.
2) DECEMBER 7
CELL WALL

2ND PERIOD
A STRUCTURE THAT SURROUNDS THE CELL MEMBRANE AND PROVIDES STRENGTH AND SUPPORT.
1) JANUARY 5,2007
NUCLEUS

2ND PERIOD
CONTAINS THE CELL'S DNA AND IS THE CONTROL CENTER OF THE CELL.
2) JANUARY 5, 2007
RIBOSOMES

2ND PERIOD
THE SITE WHER AMINO ACIDS ARE HOOKED TOGEHTER OT MAKE PROTEINS.
1) JANUARY 8
ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM

2ND PERIOD
MAKES PIPIDS, BREAKS DOWN DRUGS AND OTHER SUBSSTANCES, PACKAGES UP PROTEINS FOR RELEASE FORM THE CELL.
2) JANUARY 8
MITOCHONDRIA

2ND PERIOD
BREAK DOWN FOOD MOLECULES TO MAKE ATP
1) JANUARY 9
CHOLROPLASTS

2ND PERIOD
MAKE FOOD USING THE ENERGY OF SUNLIGHT
2) JANUARY 9
GOLGI COMPLEX

2ND PERIOD
PROCESSES AND TRANSPORTS MATERIALS OUT OF THE CELL.
1) JANUARY 10
VACUOLE

2ND PERIOD
STORES WATER AND OTHER MATERIALS IN THE CELL.
2) JANUARY 10
LYSOSOMES

2ND PERIOD
DIGEST FOOD PARTICLES, WASTES, CELL PARTS, AND FOREIGN INVADERS.
1) JANUARY 12
DIFFUSION

2ND PERIOD
THE MOVEMENT OF PARTICLES FROM AN AREA WHERE THEIR CONCENTRATION IS LOW
2) JANUARY 12
OSMOSIS

2ND PERIOD
DIFFFUSION OF WATER THROUGH A MEMBRANE.
3) JANUARY 12
PERMEABLE

2ND PERIOD
CAPABLE OF ALLOWING THINGS TO FLOW OR SPREAD THROUGH.
1) JANUARY 17
ENDOCYTOSIS

2ND PERIOD
THE PROCESS BY WHICH LARGE PARTICLES CAN BE BROUGHT INTO THE CELL.
2) JANUARY 17
EXOCYTOSIS

2ND PERIOD
THE PROCESS BY WHICH LARGE PARTICLES ARE REMOVED FROM THE CELL.
1) JANUARY 18
ACTIVE TRANSPORT

2ND PERIOD
MOVEMENT OF PARTICLES THROUGHT THE PROTEINS IN A CELL MEMBRANE AGAINST THE NORMAL DIRECTION OF DIFFUSION (MOVEMENT FROM LOW CONCENTRATION TO HIGH CONCENTRATION)
2) JANUARY 18
PASSIVE TRANSPORT

2ND PERIOD
MOVEMENT OF PARTICLES THROUGH THE PROTEINS IN A CELL MEMBRANE BY THE PROCESS OF DIFFUSION (FORM HIGH CONCENTRATION TO LOW CONCENTRATION)
1) JANUARY 25
PHOTOSYNTHESIS

2ND PERIOD
THE PROCESS BY WHICH PLANTS CAPTURE LIGHT ENERGY FROM THE SUN AND TURN IT INTO FOOD (GLUCOSE).
2) JANUARY 25
CELLULAR RESPIRATION

2ND PERIOD
THE PROCESS BY WHICH CELLS BREAK DOWN GLUCOSE TO RELEASE OXYEN AND FORM CO2 AND H2O.
1) JANUARY 26
FERMENTATION

2ND PERIOD
THE PROCESS OF BREAKING DOWN GLUCOSE WITHOUT OXYGEN.