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63 Cards in this Set

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Muhammad
Messenger of God
Born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia (570 CE)
Ying-Yang
it is a balance between harmony. (Yang Light/day, Yin darkness)
Mosque
Islamic Temple
Sunni and Shi'ite
Two groups that argues after Muhammad's death for Mecca
Shahada, Salat, Zakat, Sawm, Hajj
The Five Pillars of Islam
Shahada
testimony of faith
Koran
The Islamic holy book, has sayings from allah to Muhammad
Ramadan
Period where all the Islams fast from sunrise to sunset
Hadj
The pilgrimage all muslims are expected to make to Mecca At least once in their lives
Islam
In Arabic means submission to God
How many people are Islam?
approcimately 1/5 of the world's population
Shari' ah
a set of laws whichset out perimeters for human conduct.
Ka' bah
Most sacred shrine of Islam, originally built by Abraham in the center square in Mecca
Muezzin
The person who calls Muslims to prayer five times a day
Minaret
The Islamic Prayer Tower used to call the faithful to prayer
Sawm
Ramadan
Zakat
Gifts of Money to poor people and orphans
Salat
Prayer five times a day
tHE hADITH
mUHAMMAD'S tEACHINGS
The Sharia
Islamic Lawas combining Qur'an and Sunnah
Acoording to Shinto how was the world created
The world was created by chaos by the gods
Torii
Gateway to the spiritual world
Ema
Description of a wish, put inside temples
Amaterasu
The godess of the sun
What does the Japanese flag represent?
It represents respect to the godess of the sun
Where can a Torii be found?
Torii's can be placed anywhere, where people feel that there is great spiritual strength.
Omikuji
Fortune telling paper strips; found in shrines and temples
Shimenawa
rope made from straw made with zig-zag paper. Marks the boundary to something special. Often found on Torii gates.
Yokozuna
The highest ranked sumo wrestlers; during ritual ceremonies.
What are shrines often made of?
Cyprus (Own shrine)
The Kojiki
The record of Ancient Matters
The Nihon Shoki
Japanese chronicles
What is the book for the followers of Shinto called?
There is no book for the followers and how behave
P'u
Simple, unamusing attitude. 'uncarved block'
Golden Rule (Taoism)
Virtue is kind. [Be kind unto those who are kind, be kind to those who are unkind]
The Tao
"the way"
Lao Tzu
Creator of the Tao te Ching which is a sacred text to taoists
Caste System
This is how people were categorized in Hinduism and this was their social status
Filial Piety
Respecting your elders
Japanese Flag
This has a sun in the middle which represents the sun god Amaterasu
Zen
Japanese Buddhism that came form Korea 1000 years after it started in India
Nandi the Cow
This was the cow of Vishnu and Shiva which makes cows in Hinduism sacred
Vishnu
The creator of things in the world, and one of the two gods below the main god Brahma
Shiva
The destroyer of things in the world
Heavenly Mandate
The emperors duty to represent the people of his country
Samsara
The reincarnation cycle that is in both Hinduism and Buddhism
Moksha
The point at which you leave the reincarnation cycle. (In Hinduism for 1000 years) (In Buddhism you can then reach nirvana which is the god like level of life)
Dharma
Your duty in life for who you are and what you should do
Kami
It is a god like figure that anyone in shinto can become
Imperial Examinations
The exams scholars took to recieve a good job in the government in confucianism
Geometric Shapes in Islam
They feel that they should not put in living pictures
Te
Being yourself
Chi
The idea that vital energy can be used and increased by eating and doing certain things
Wu Wei
Allowing the Tao to take you on the path of least resistence
Li
Good mannered, worshipping
ren
charity, kindness, love
In confucianism what comes first in a decision between family and the public
family is always more important to confucists
What is Buddha's real name before he became an ascetic?
Siddhartha Gautama
Asectism
going out into forest looking for nirvana or enlightenment
Asectism in Taoism
To achiveve immortality
The Eight Fold Path
Right concentration, right thought, right effort, right action, right speech, right livelihood, right thought, right awareness
The Four Noble Truths
1. Life is unsatisfactory and full of suffering
2. Suffering is caused by people's greed and craving for things.
3. If people overcam their delfish desires and dtopped craving then dukkha would dissapear.
4. Nirodha can be achieved by following the Middle Way laid down in the eight fold path
Nirodha
The Third Truth