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17 Cards in this Set

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Echopraxia
pathological imitation of the movements of another

action is semiautomatic & uncontrollable
Motor Activity Term
Catalepsy
gen. term for immobile position that is constantly maintained
Motor Activity Term
Catatonic Stupor
markedly slowed motor activity, often to point of immobility & seeming unawareness of surroundings
Motor Activity Term
Waxy Flexibility
condition where a person can be molded into a position that is then maintained

limbs feel like made of wax
Motor Activity Term
Akinesia
lack of physical movement
as in extrem immobility of catatonic schizophrenia
Motor Activity Term
Cataplexy
temporary loss of muscle tone & weakness precipitated by a variety of emotional states

often associated w/intense emotions such as laughter, fear,anger, and surprise, ofen seen in narcolepsy
Motor Activity Term
Sterotypy
repetitive fixed pattern of physical action or speech

seemingly driven & non-functional, movements usually have some meaning

ex. hand shaking or waving, body rocking, head banging, mouthing objects, picking at skin, self hitting or biting
Motor Activity Term
Mannerism
ingrained habitual involuntary movement
Motor Activity Term
Psychomotor Agitation
excessive motor & cognitive overactivity, usually non-productive & in response to internal tension

something going on in mind that is manifested in movements

ex. fidgeting, wringing of hands, pulling clothes, inability to sit still
Motor Activity Term
Tic
involuntary, sudden, spasmodic motor movement

rapid, recurrent, non-rhythmic

often in face or hands
most common= blinking

usually develop before adulthood, some people can suppress them
Motor Activity Term
Akathesia
subjective feeling of muscular tension (compelling need to move) secondary to antipsychoitc or other meds, causes relentless pacing, sitting & standing

pts get extremely fatigued & distressed

often mistaken for agitation
Motor Activity Term
Ataxia
partial or complete failure of voluntary muscle coordination; irregularity of muscle action
Motor Activity Term
Pyschomotor Retardation
decreased motor & cognitive activity,visible slowing of thought, speech & movement

even very little eye movement

often seen in depression & schizophrenia
Motor Activity Term
Dyskinesia
difficulty in performing voluntary movements, distrurbance/distortion of movements

as in extrapyramidal disorders

often choreaform movements
Motor Activity Term
Bradykinesia
slowness of motor activity w/decrease in normal spontaneous movement
Motor Activity Term
Chorea
random & involuntary quick, jerky, purposeless movements
Motor Activity Term
Dystonia
slow, sustained contractions of the trunk or limbs

seen in medication induced dystonia
Motor Activity Term