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127 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
pathological imitation of movments of one person by another
general term for immobile position that is constantly maintained "seen with catatonic schizophrenia"
Catatonic stupor
markedly slowed motor activity, often to a point of immobility and seeming unawareness of surroundings
Waxy flexibility
condition of a person who can be molded into a position that is then maintained; when the examiner moves the person's limb, the limb feels like its made of wax
lack of physical movement, as in the extreme immobility of catatonic schizophrnia
temporary loss of muscle tone and weakness precipitated by a variety of emotional states "individual collapses"
repetitive fixed pattern of physical action or speech "hand shaking or waving, body rocking, mouthing of objects, hitting ones own body"
ingrained, habitual involuntary movement
psychomotor agigtation
excessive motor and cognititve over activity usually nonproductive and in response t internal tension
involuntary, spasmodic motor movement
sujective feeling of muscular tnesion secondary to antipsychotic or other medication, which can cause restlessness, pacing, repeated sitting and standing, can me mistaken for agitation
failure of muscle coordination; irregularity of muscle action
Psychomotor retardation
decreased motor and cognitiveactivity, visible slowing of thought ,speech movmenet
difficulty to preforming voluntary movements, as in extrapyramidal disorders
slow, sustained contractions of the trunk or limbs; seen in medication induced dystonia
pervasive and sustained, emotion, subjectively experienced and reported by the patient and observed by others; examples include depression, elation, anger
Dysphoric mood
unpleasent, somewhat sad mood
Euthymic mood
NO range of mood implying absence of depressed or elevated mood
Expansive mod
a person's expression of feelings w/out restraint, frewuently w/ an overestimation of their eignificance or importance
irriable mood
a state in which a person is easily annoyed and projoked
labile mood
oscillations btwn euphoria, depression, or anxiety
elevated mood
air of confidence and enjoyment, a more cheerul that usual
feeling of intense happiness
pathological feelings of sadness
loss of interest and qithdrawal from all regular and pleasurable actities, often associated w. depression
feelings of joy, euphoria, triumph, intense self satisfaction or optimism
feeling of apprehension caused ny adnd in anticipation of danger which may be internal or externa
Appropriate affect
condition in which the emotional tone is in harmony w/ the accompanying idea, thought, or speech; also further described as broad or full affect in which a full range of emotions is appropriately expressed
Inappropriate affect
disharmony btwn the emotioal feeling tone and the idea, thought or speech accompanying it
Blunted affect
disturbance in affect manifested by severe reduction in the intensity or externalized feeling tone
Restricted or constricted affect
reduction in the intensity of externalized feeling tone
flat affect
absence or near absence of any signs of affective expression; voice monotonous, face immobile
pressured speech
rapid speech that is increased in amount and difficult to interrupt
copious, coherent, lofical speech
nonspontaneous speech
verbal resonses given only when asked or spoken to directly;no self initiaion of speech
poverty of content of speech
speech that is adequate in amt but conveys little info b/c of vagueness, emptiness or stereotyped phrases
loss of the NL melody of speech (prosody)
difficulty in articulation, not in word finding or grammer
process of transferring physical stimulation into psychological info;metnal process by which sensory stimuli are brought into awareness
false sensory perception not associated w/ real external stimuli; there may or may not be a delusional interpretation of the hallucinatory experience
Hypnogagic hall.
false sensory perception occuring while falling(going) to sleep;generally considered a non-pathological phenomenon
Hypnopompic hall.
false perception occurring while awakening from sleep (popping out of bed; generally considered non pathological
observed expression of emotion, possibly inconsistent w/ the patient's description of the emotion
auditory hall.
false perception of sound , usually voices but other noises, such as music; most common psychiatric hall.
visual hall.
false perception involving sight consisting of formed images an dunformed images (flashes of light) most common in medically related disorders
olfactory hall.
false perception of smeel; most commonly related to medical disprders such as the pre-ictus of seizures
gustatory hall.
false perception of taste, usually unpleasent, commonly related to medical disorder such as the pre-ictus of seizures
somatic hall.
false sense of things occuring in the body , most often visceral in origin
mood congruent hall.
hall. in which the content is consistent wit heither a manic or depressed mood (manic pt hears voices saying that the pt is of inflacted worth, pwr and knowlegde)
moodincongruent hall.
hall. in which the content is not consisten with either a depressed or manic mood
command hall.
false perception of orders that a person may feel obliged to obey or unable to resist (often dangerous)
miperception of misinterpretation of real external sensory stimuli
defense mecahnism involving the segregation of any grp of mental or behavioral processes from the rest of th person's psychic activity
state in which objects seem larger than they are
state in which objects seem smaller than they are
a person's subjective sense of being unreal, starnge or unfamiliar
a subjective sense that hte environment is strange or unreal; a feeling of changed reality
taking on a new identity w/ amnesia for the old identity;often involves travel or wandering to new environment
the goal directed flow of ideas, symbols and associations initiated by a problem or task and leading toward a reality oriented conclusion
thought process
the flow of one idea to another in a logical process
new word created by a pt often combning syllables of other wrds idiosynchratic and pathological
word salad
incoherent mixture of words and phrases
indirect speech that is delayed in reaching the point but eventually gets from the original point to the desired goal;characterized by an over inclusion of details and parenthetical remarks
inability to have goal directed association of thought; speaker never gets from desired point to desired goal
persisting repsonse to a previous stimulus after a new stimulus has been presented; often associated w/ cognitive disorders
meaningless repetition of specific words or pharese
pathologic repeatin gof words or phrases or one person by another;tends to prepetitive and persistent; may be spoken w/ mocking tone.
loosening of associations
flow of thought in which ideas shift from one subject to another in a completely unrealted way; when sever, speech may be incoherent
gradual or sudden deviation in train of thought w/ blocking
abrupt interruption in train of thinking before a thought or idea is finished;after a brief pause, person indicates no recall of what was being said
flight of ideas
rapid, continuous verbalizations or plays on words produce constatn shfiting from one idea to another; ideas tend to be connected but too fast for the listener to comprehend
clang association
association of words similar in sound by not in meanign; words have no logical connection; may include rhyming and punning
Thought content
the realizty drawn conclusions arising in thoughts
overvalued idea
unreasonable, sustained false belief maintained less firmly than a delusion
a fixed false belief, based on incorrect inference about external realisty, not consistent w/ the pt's intelligence and cultural backfround, cannot be correcte by reasoning
bizarre delusion
an absurd, totally implausibel strange belief
mood congruent delusion
delusion w/ mood appropriate content
mood incongruent delision
delusion w/ content that has not association to mood
nihilistic delusion
false feeling that self, others or the world is coming to an end
delusion of poverty
persons' false belief that he or she is destitute or will be deprived of all matheral possessions
somatice delusion
false belief involving the funtioning of the body (insides rotting or melting)
paranoid delusions
includes persecutory delusions and delusions of reference, cntrl, and grandeur
delusion of persecution
a person's false belief that he or she is being harassed, cheated or persecuted
del. of grandeur
person's exaggerated conception of his or her own importance or pwr
del of reference
a person's false belief that the behavior of others refers to himself or herself; that events, objects or other ppl hav e aparticular an dunusla significance
thought w/drawal
del. that thoughts are being removed from a person's mind by other ppl or forces
Thought insertion
del that thoughts are implanted in a perso's mnid by other ppl or forces
thought broadcasting
del that person's thoguhts can be heard by others, as tought they were being broadcasted over the air
thought contrl
del that a person's thoughts are bing controlled by other ppl or forces
del of jealousy
false belief derived form pathological jealousy about a person's lover being unfaithful
erotomanic del
a delusional belief more common in women than in men, that someone is deeply in love w. them from afar
sucidial or homicidal ideation
preoccuation w. thoughts of harming sel for others
pathological persistence of an irresistible thought or feeling that cannot be eliminated from consciousness by lofical effort, associated w. anxiety
pathological need to act on an impulse that, if resisted produces anxiety; repetitive behavior in response to an obsession or performed according to certain rules
persistent, irrational, exaggerated and irvariable patholofical dread of a specific stimulus or situation, results in a compelling desire to avoid the feared stimulus
disturbance of orientation in time, place or person
clouding of consciousness
incomplete clear mindedness w/ disturbances in perception and attitude
lack of reaction to and unawareness of surroundings
bewildered, resless, confused, disoriented rxn associated w/ fear and hall.
profound degree of unconsciousness
AbNL dowsiness
state of impaired awareness associated q/ a desire or inclination to sleep
syndrome in older ppl that usually occurs at night and is characterixed by dowsiness, confision, ataxia and falling
parital or total inability to recall past experiences may be medical or emotional in origin
amnesia for events occuring after a point in time
amnesia for events occuring before a point in time
unconscious filling of gaps in memory by imagined or untrue experiences that person believes but have no basis in fact
Deja vu
illusion of visual recognition in which a new situation is incorrectly regarded as reptition of a previous memory
immediate memory
reproduction of recall of perceived events w/in seconds to minues
recent memory
recall of event sof the last few days
recent past memory
recall of events over the pst few months
remote memory
recall of events in the distant past
inability to concentrate attention;a state in which attention is drawn to unimportnat or irreclevant stimuli
selective inattention
blocking out only those things that generate anxiety
excessive attention and focus on all internal and external stimuli, usually secondary to delusional or paranoid states
focused attention an daltered consciousness, seen in hypnosis and dissociative disorders
abstract thinking
ability to apprecaite nuances of meaning;multidimensional thinking w/ ability to use metaphors and hypothese appropriately
concrete thinking
literal thinking; limited use of metaphor w/out understanding of nuances of meaning, one dimensional thought
ability to recall, understand, mobilize and constructively integreat previous learning into new situations
mildmental retardation
IQ 50 to 55 up to 70
moderate metal retardation
IQ 35 to 40 up to 50-55
severe mental retardation
IQ 20 to 25 up to 35 to 40
profound mental retardation
IQ below 20-25
a person's ability to understand the true cause and meaning of a situation
impaired insight
diminished abilty to understand the objective reality of a situation
abilty to assess a situation correctly and at act appropriately in the situation
impaired juegement
diminsted ability to understand a situation correctly and appropriately, cannot analyze the risk and benefits of decisions