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17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is the definition of a personality disorder?
Inflexible and maladaptive personality traits causing significant impairment in social/occupational function
What is the definition of personality?
superordinate concept describing enduring personal organization of an individual
What is the definition of temperament?
geneticall independent dimensions of personality associated with basic emotional states (novelty seeking DA, harm avoidance GABA/5-, Reward Dependence attachment NE/5-Ht), Persistence glutamate/5-HT)
What is character?
conceptualization of self as an autonomous individual
Cluster A
odd or eccentric
paranoid
schizoid
schizotypal
Cluster B
dramatic and erratic
histrionic
narcissistic
antisocial
borderline
increased mood disorder, alcoholism
Cluster C
anxious and fearful
avoidant
dependent
compulsive
passive aggressive
Schizoid Personality Disorder
Cluster A
indifference to social relationships (defect in capacity to form, little desire for involvement), restricted range of emotional experience/expression (constricted affect), without eccentricities of speech/behavior/thought
Schizotypal Personality Disorder
Cluster A
deficits in interpersonal relatedness and peculiarities of ideation/appearance/behavior
oddities of above, but not severe enough to be schizophrenia
Paranoid Personality Disorder
Cluster A
tendency to interpret actions of people as deliberately demeaning/threatening, suspiciousness/mistrust of others, hypersensitivity
Histrionic
Cluster B
pervasive pattern of excessive emotionality and attention seeking
Narcissistic
Cluster B
pervasive pattern of grandiosity (fantasy or behavior), lack of empathy, hypersensitive to others' evaluations, sense of self-importance, disturbances in interpersonal relationships
Antisocial
Cluster B
behavior disregard for and violation of the rights of others, failure to sustain job, failure at most things, impulsivity, lying
Borderline
Cluster B
pattern of instability in variety of areas, "as if" personality, fragile cohesiveness of self
Avoidant Personality Disorder
Cluster C
hypersensitivity to rejection, humiliation or shame, withdrawl
Dependent Personality Disorder
Cluster C
pattern of dependent and submissive behavior due to lack of self-confidence in ability to function independently
Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder
Cluster C
perfectionism and inflexibility, restricted ability to express warm/tender feelings, interferes with ability to grasp overall concepts, lack of pleasure, indecisiveness