• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/65

Click to flip

65 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
_______ Dementia is characterized by an abrupt onset, a stepwise course, and a "patchy" pattern of symptoms.
Vascular.
A young man is arrested after starting a fight in a restaurant parking lot. He is visibly angry, sweating, complains of chest pain, and has dilated pupils. These symptoms are suggestive of ____________ intoxication.
Amphetamine Intoxication.
Research on factors that cause relapse after smoking cessation has found that it is most often precipitated by a negative mood or the presence of _______.
Smoking cues.
The key disturbance in delirium is:

a. reduced clarity in awareness of the environment
b. a marked change in affectivity
c. deficits in procedural memory
a. reduced clarity in awareness of the environment
A thiamine deficiency is associated with:

a. Alcohol induced persisting amnestic disorder
b. Alcohol withdrawal delirium
c. Alcohol idiosyncratic intoxication
a. Alcohol induced persisting amnestic disorder
A "craving" for a substance is most characteristic of:

a. substance abuse
b. substance dependence
c. substance intoxication
b.substance dependence
A 63 year old college professor exhibits impairments in memory and other cognitive functions and a depressed mood. Which of the following would be most suggestive that his symptoms are due to "pseudodementia" rather than dementia:

a. the onset of symptoms was insidious
b. the man exaggerates his cognitive deficits
c. the man denies that he's having any problems with his memory
b. the man exaggerates his cognitive deficits
In the early stages of Alzheimer's disease, you would most expect to observe:

a. amnesia for recent events and personality change
b. amnesia for past events and disorientation
c. perceptual abnormalities and mild tremor
a. amnesia for recent events and personality change
According to Marlatt and Gordon, relapse for an individual with alcohol dependence is least likely when:

a. he/she is provided with a comprehensive treatment package that incorporates a 12-step program.
b.he/she is encouraged to view relapse as the result of external, controllable factors.
c. his/her denial is repeatedly challenged.
b. he/she is encouraged to view relapse as the result of external, controllable factors.
An elderly man who has just had surgery is most susceptible to:

a. depersonalization
b. dementia
c. delirium
c. delirium
The earliest signs of Huntington's disease are most often:

a. a loss of coordination
b. wandering and anomia
c. irritability and depression
c. Irritability and depression.
A 50 year old man who has Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome as a result of heavy drinking for the past 25 years will have the least trouble remembering:

a. his high school graduation
b. his weekend in the Bahamas when he was 35
c. the argument he had with his wife last week
a. his high school graduation.
The most common cause of mental retardation is:

a. prenatal
b. perinatal factors
c. environmental factors in infancy.
a. prenatal
A diagnosis of a Learning Disorder requires:

a. a substantial discrepancy between IQ and achievement test
b. an average IQ or higher with substantially low achievement test scores
c. achievement test scores at least two standard deviations below the mean
a. a substantial discrepancy between IQ and achievement test
With appropriate intervention, a person with _________ Mental Retardation could be expected to achieve academic skills up the sixth grade level:

a. moderate
b. mild
c. borderline
b. mild
A child with a Learning disorder would most likely:

a. have a history of delayed language development
b. often have rejecting or disengaged parents
c. have an IQ of 90 or below
a. have a history of delayed language development
A five year old exhibits the following symptoms: a lack of interest in playing with friends, an unwillingness to make eye contact, preoccupation with a simple puzzle, and clumsiness. The boy's speech and cognitive skills, however, seem about average, and there is no apparent physical explanation for his symptoms. The most likely diagnosis is:

a. Rett's disorder
b. Asperger's disorder
c. Autistic disorder
b. Asperger's disorder
Lead poisoning is most associated with:

a. Feeding disorder of infancy or early childhood
b. rumination disorder
c. pica
c. pica
Autistic disoder is currently considered a:

a. genetic disorder
b. biogenic disorder
c. psychosocial disorder
a. genetic disorder
Research evaluating the effects of imipramine for Enuresis suggests:

a. it is more effective than the bell and pad
b. it is less effective than the bell and pad in terms of long term effects
c. it is about equally as effective as the bell and pad in terms of both short and long term effects.
b. it is less effective than the bell and pad in terms of long term effects
The most common associated symptoms of Tourettes are:

a. obsessions and compulsions
b. anxiety and irritability
c. apathy and inattention
a. obsessions and compulsions
According to Moffitt, ______ conduct problems are usually due to a combination of neurological deficits and adverse environmental circumstances.
Childhood onset
A child with _________ disorder, inhibited type, will exhibit a pattern of inhibited, hypervigilant or highly ambivilant behaviors.
Reactive attachment.
A diagnosis of mental retardation requires an IQ test score of ______ less, deficits in _______ functioning, and an onset prior to age ______.
A diagnosis of mental retardation requires an IQ test score of _70_____ less, deficits in _adaptive______ functioning, and an onset prior to age __18____.
According to the dopamine hypothesis schizophrenia is due to insufficient levels of dopamine in the central nervous system?
False.
True or false a diagnosis of brief psychotic disorder requires the presence of a precipitating event.
False.
The best prognosis is generally associated with which subtype of schizophrenia?

a.paranoid
b.disorganized
c.catatonic
a.paranoid
When a person's mood and symptoms are largely concurrent with a psychotic period of at least two weeks in which only delusions or hallucinations are present:

a. schizophreniform disorder
b. schizoaffective disorder
c. psychotic disorder NOS
b. Schizoaffective disorder
Schizophrenia has been linked to several structural brain abnormalities, the most consistent finding is:

a. larger than average frontal lobes
b. enlarged hippocampus
c. enlarged ventricles
c. enlarged ventricles.
Anosognosia refers to a lack of awareness of one's neurological symptoms and is often seen in people who have had a stroke. According to DSM-IV-TR, a similar condition is found in the majority of individuals with:

a. Delusional Disorder
b. Major Depressive Disorder with Psychotic Features
c. schizophrenia
c. schizophrenia
For biological siblings of people who have recieved a diagnosis of schizophrenia, the concordance rate is:

a. 2.5%
b. 10%
c. 30%
10%
A person who meets the diagnostic criteria for delusional disorder firmly believes that a person he has just met has special meaning and significance for him. The appropriate subtype is:

a. Erotomanic
b. Persecutory
c. Unspecified
c. Unspecified
True or false, according to the catechiamine hypothesis depression is due to deficiencies in norepinepherine.
True.
True or false about 80% of suicidal individuals give warning of their intension.
True.
In adults major depressive disorder is about ____ as common in females as males.
Twice.
The negative side effects of ECT (memory loss and confusion) are reduced by administering it ______.
Unilaterally to the nondominant hemisphere.
A diagnosis of dysthymic disorder requires the presence of a depressed mood for at least ________ in adults and _______ in children and adolescents.
A diagnosis of dysthymic disorder requires the presence of a depressed mood for at least ____2 years____ in adults and __1 year_____ in children and adolescents.
In the past 15 years the greatest increase in suicide rate has been for:

a. middle aged adults
b. young adults
c. adolescents
c. adolescents.
A diagnosis of bipolar 2 disorder requires a history of:

a. manic or mixed episodes
b. manic or major depressive episodes
c. hypomanic and major depressive episodes
c. hypomanic and major depressive episodes
Results of the NIMH study comparing treatments for depression indicate that:

a. cognitive therapy is superior to IPT and imipramine for severe symptoms
b. IPT and cognitive therapy are superior to imipramine for mild to moderate symptoms
c. cognitive therapy, IPT, and imipramine are about equally effective overall.
c. cognitive therapy, IPT, and imipramine are about equally effective overall.
In bipolar disorder, stressful events:

a. are more common precipitants for the first few episodes
b. are more common precipitants for later episodes
c. are equally likely to be precipitants throughout the duration of the disorder
a. are more common precipitants for the first few episodes
Which of the following individuals is at greatest risk for suicide?

a. a 70 year old white man
b. a 50 year old white woman
c. a 25 year old african amercan man
a. a 70 year old white man
True or false panic attacks associated with panic disorder are always expected?
False.
True or false in adults, obsessive compulsive disorder is about equally common in males and females?
True.
Agoraphobia is best described as?

a. a fear of scrutiny or evaluation both others
b. a fear that one will be unable to escape or get help
c. a fear of crowded places
b. a fear that on will be unable to escape or get help.
The treatment of choice for Agoraphobia is considered to be:

a. systematic desensitization
b. covert sensitization
c. flooding
a. systematic desensitzation
From the perspective of the two factor theory, an individual's conditioned phobia is unlikely to extinguish because:

a. conditioned fears naturally increase in intensity over time
b. the avoidance behavior is positively reinforced
c. the individual consistently avoids the conditioned stimulus
c. the individual consistently avoids the conditioned stimulus
Ella is involved in a serious car accident in which her best friend is killed. Ella subsequently exhibits emotional detachment, derealization, amnesia, and nightmares about the accident. She avoids the intersection where the accident occurred and has been having trouble concentrating and sleeping and is uncharacteristically irritable. The accident occurred three weeks ago. Based on these symptoms, the best diagnosis is:

a. Acute Stress Disorder
b. PTSD
c. Adjustment Disorder
a. Acute stress disorder
The symptom that is characteristic of both anxiety and depression is:

a. excessive worry
b. negative affect
c. anhedonia
anhedonia (the inability to experience pleasure)
When faced with a feared stimulus, a person with specific phobia blood injection injury type will be most likely:

a.faint
b.have a panic attack
c.scream
a. faint
True or false. Factitious Disorder and the somatoform disorders share in common the intentional production of symptoms suggestive of a medical condition.
False.
True or false. Sleepwalking disorder occurs most frequently in the first third of the sleep period during non rem sleep.
False.
True or false. Cross dressing for the purpose of sexual excitement is characteristic of transsexualism.
False.
The feeling that one is an outside observer of one's own body is referred to as:

a. derealization
b. depersonalization
c. fugue
b. depersonalization
Intrapsychic phenomena play an important role in the etiology of:

a. Factitious disorder and malingering
b. Conversion disorder and factitious disorder
c. malingering and conversion disorder
b. Conversion Disorder and Factitious Disorder
Dissociate amnesia is most associated with:

a. amnesia for events in the distant past
b. amnesia for personal information
c. an inability to recall newly learned information
b. amnesia for personal information.
Secondary gain refers to:

a. adopting the sick role
b. avoiding an internal conflict
c. avoiding an unpleasant activity
a. adopting the sick role.
Vivid hallucinations during the transition between wakefulness and sleep are suggestive of:

a. Sleep Terror Disorder
b. Hypnagogic Hallucinations
c. Nightmare Disorder
b. Hypnagogic Hallucinations
Sex therapy has been most effective for the treatment of:

a. erectile disorder
b. orgasmic disorder
c. premature ejaculation
c. premature ejaculation
Cataplexy is associated with:

a. narcolepsy
b. nightmare disorder
c. primary hypersomnia
a. Narcolepsy
True or false. Many people with Anorexia Nervosa are preoccupied with thoughts of food.
True.
A strong desire for friendship that is inhibited by a fear of rejection is most suggestive of ______ Personality Disorder.
Avoidant Personality Disorder
For a diagnosis of Adjustment Disorder:

a. symptoms must remit within six months of the onset of the stressor
b. symptoms must begin within six months of the termination of the stressor
c. symptoms can persist for over six months if the stressor is chronic.
c. symptoms can persist for over six months if the stressor is chronic
A young woman exhibits cycles of overidealization and devaluation in personal relationships, uncertainty about career plans, reckless driving, drug use, and frequent suicide attempts. The likely diagnosis is:

a. Histrionic Personality Disorder
b. Borderline Personality Disorder
c. Schizotypal Personality Disorder
b. Borderline Personality Disorder
Magical thinking, depression, illusions, discomfort in social situations, and inappropriate affect are most characteristic of:

a. Schizoaffective Personality Disorder
b. Schizoid Personality Disorder
c. Schizotypal Personality Disorder
c. Schizotypal Personality Disorder