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40 Cards in this Set

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Preschool
1. ages 3-5/6
2. motor dvlpt advanced
3. post language explosion
4. starts to learn how to make realistic assessment
New problem of preschool
child has lots of abilities but very little judgement
attachment
ongoing during preschool
play with caregiver close by
Emotional/Social Referencing
when preschooler checks in with care-giver during play
makes sure that their activities are ok
expect guidance
Transitional objects
help with separation
Reciprocity
towards end of preschool period there are better social skills and sharing
"Play is the work of childhood"
important in social + cognitive

try out new roles and ideas-can mirror the family environment
Ability to Categorize
keep a lot of information and keep it distinct

may misapply nouns

make judgements on categorization. ie- doctor visit always has shots/pain-->doctor is bad
preschooler Obedience
1. NOT out of sense of right/wrong
2. based on relationship to parent
3. want to remain in good standing with parent
Moral Development for preschoolers
function in a 'good boy/girl' orientation
Identification
preschoolers try to act like a parent- immitate

Modeling from care-giver has a HUGE impact
Racial Identity
formed b/w 5-6 years of age

especially sensitive to stereotypes and prejudice
color

function
perceptual property

cognitive property
Origin of Schema
during sensorimotor stage (1st)
According to piaget, what does the infant learn in the first year?
object permanence
Preschool
1. ages 3-5/6
2. motor dvlpt advanced
3. post language explosion
4. starts to learn how to make realistic assessment
New problem of preschool
child has lots of abilities but very little judgement
attachment
ongoing during preschool
play with caregiver close by
Emotional/Social Referencing
when preschooler checks in with care-giver during play
makes sure that their activities are ok
expect guidance
Transitional objects
help with separation
Reciprocity
towards end of preschool period there are better social skills and sharing
"Play is the work of childhood"
important in social + cognitive

try out new roles and ideas-can mirror the family environment
Ability to Categorize
keep a lot of information and keep it distinct

may misapply nouns

make judgements on categorization. ie- doctor visit always has shots/pain-->doctor is bad
preschooler Obedience
1. NOT out of sense of right/wrong
2. based on relationship to parent
3. want to remain in good standing with parent
Moral Development for preschoolers
function in a 'good boy/girl' orientation
Identification
preschoolers try to act like a parent- immitate

Modeling from care-giver has a HUGE impact
Racial Identity
formed b/w 5-6 years of age

especially sensitive to stereotypes and prejudice
color

function
perceptual property

cognitive property
Origin of Schema
during sensorimotor stage (1st)
According to piaget, what does the infant learn in the first year?
object permanence

sense of permanence is essential to conservation
Piaget's concept of Equilibration
process of evolving schema. if a new object doesnt fit into infants primitive schema, they have to equilibrate
Piaget's Key to the growth of intelligence
Equillibrating Schema
Seriating
Ordering behavior
involves comparison
How can a clinician assess a child's equilibration?
by using correction as an interview technique
What is the foundation on which children order the universe?
One-to-One Correspondence

practically everything is function of correspondence, which implies a mapping of correspondence
Cross cultural replicability of Piaget's theories
very reproducable
consistent
Rewards
for younger participants in sports, it may be more important to reward PARTICIPATION rather than skill
Play
vehicle for exploring reality
Psychological defense mechanisms used
1. projection
2. Denial
3. Regression
Moral Controls are Internalized via:
1. consistent parental monitoring
2. limit setting
3. praising of good behavior
4. inc parental expectations
5. idendification with parental values
6. inc capacity for empathy
7. inc peer orientation