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29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
When is Mental retardation diagnosed?
Age 3-5, testing is not reliable for predicting intelligence
Developmental delay and Mental retardation
MR kids are developmentally delayed but being developmentally delayed does not equal MR
Functional capacity of IQ=85-70?
Challenges at school
Functional capacity of IQ=55-70?
Mild, can be self supporting
Functional capacity of IQ=40-55?
Can talk and sign, down syndrome, second grade education
Functional capacity of IQ=25-40?
Habit training, uses words and gestures
Functional capacity of IQ<25?
Wants and eeds with sounds
age 6-7, 5%, m>f(ascertainment bias)
Motor skills disorder?
Developmental coordination disorder, M>F, triggers socioemotional disorders
Expressive language disorder
Limited vocabulary, word recal problems
Phonological Disorder?
Speech sounds are difficult
Anticipitory anxiety, 80% spontaneous remission, relapse with stress
Separation anxiety disorders?
onset age 7
Selective Mutism
Mute only at certain locations
Eating unnutricious stuff
Rumination Disorder?
Puke and chew, parental neglect
Pooping in inappropiate places
Bed wetting older than 5
Reactive Attachment Disorder?
Inhibitted: withdrawn and unresponsive
Disinhibitted: super friendly
DSM-IV criteria for ADHD?
need 6/9: Inattention, impulsivity, hyperactivity, before age 7, impairment in at least 2 settings, Interference with life, not something else
Types of ADHD?
Why is ADHD diagnosis important?
Cause of stress, low self-esteem, increase risk of other mental illness/substance abuse, chronic condition
prevelence of ADHD?
3-7.5%, 30-50% of mental health referals, 85% undiagnosed, boys more hyperactive, girls more inattentive
Etiology of ADHD?
Unclear, genetic, frontal lobe, deficiency of NE
Impact of ADHD on adults?
Bad, more accidents, increase risk of substance abuse
Co-morbidities of ADHD?
Learning disabilities, oppositional defiant disorder, conduct disorder, anxiety disorders, tics
Oppositional Defient disorder?
persistant, >3 y/o, 10% of children, loss of temper
Conduct disorder?
More severe, Aggression, bullying, weopon
Etiologies of Disruptive Behavioral Disorders?
Parenting, caregiing, poor limit setting, neglect, family dysfunction