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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
strong, persistent affectionate bonds w/ others that tend to endure throughout life

significant relationships
a person OR thing lost

loved one, job, school
the realization that there has been a loss
Bereavement Reaction
any psych, phys, or behavioral response to loss
the feelings and behaviors accompying a loss
Grief Process
changing affective state over time
social expression of grief
The Process
Wound Healing Model of Grief
can cause physical injury
normal reactions
immune system~psych immune system
Grieving Spectrum
there is no right or wrong way to grief

"thank god..." or "OH MY GOD!"

*Depends on the nature of the relationship
3 Phases of Recover
1. shock
2. preoccupation
3. resolution
Kubler-Ross 5 Stages of Grief
1. denial
2. anger
3. bargaining
4. depression
5. acceptance
Threatened Loss
lose state of mind that everything is ok

ie- physician getting sued
Symbolic Loss
shared sense of loss, loss of security/safety

ie- Virginia Tech for some people
Fantasized loss
thinking about failing a test and losing a professional/personal opportunity
Real Losses

Unanticipated Loss
somebody dying

MI, car wreck, stroke, etc
Features of Uncomplicated Grief
trying to accept the reality of loss
work thru pain/grief
adjust to the environment
relocate the deceaed

realization and acceptance necessary
adjust to the environment

emotional relocation
ex-widow having to drive and pay the bills now that her husband is gone

accepting that certain enjoyable events will not happen in the future
uncomplicated grief emotions
sadness, anger, guilt, anxiety, helplessness, lonliness, fear, emancipation, numbness
Physical symptoms
overall emptiness
tightness in chest, throat, dry mouth, lack of energy
some psychological symptoms
cognition, confusion (esp during funeral preparations), hallucinations

sleep disturbances, dec appetite, preoccupation
Complicated Grief
1. persist in denial
2. Intense Sadness-prolonged
3. Minor Losses w/ intense grief
4. radical lifestyle change
5. unusual responses
is bereavment a normal response?

when can it become an illness
YES. not an illness

can lead to major depression
Symptoms of Bereavement v Depression
can be very similiar. look for subtle differences

depression-morbid guilt, suicidal, morbid worthlessness, psychomotor retardation, bad hallucinations