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12 Cards in this Set

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What was the Free soil party?
- consisted of former anti-slavery members of Whig Party & Democratic Party.
- main purpose was opposing the expansion of slavery into the western territories, arguing that free men on free soil comprised a morally and economically superior system to slavery, also that slaves took thier jobs
- later absorbed into republican party
Fugitive Slave Law
- passed between 1793-1850 to provide for the return of slaves who escaped from one state into another state or territory
- passed as a trade off to S for permission to repeal Missouri compromise & initiate Kansas-Nebraska Act
Who was Harriet Tubman?
- black liberator of slaves, guided runaway slaves along underground railroad to the N where they would be free
What was the Ostend Manifesto?
- described the rationale for the United States to purchase Cuba from Spain & implied the U.S. should declare war if Spain refused
- Cuba's annexation had long been a goal of U.S. expansionists, especially w/ admission of California
- Ostend Manifesto proposed a shift in foreign policy, justifying the use of force to seize Cuba in the name of national security
kansas nebraska act
- opened new lands, repealed the Missouri Compromise of 1820, and allowed settlers in those territories to determine if they would allow slavery within their boundaries
- popular soverignty
What was the Wilmot Proviso?
- would have banned slavery in any territory to be acquired from Mexico in the Mexican War or in the future
- would have replaced Missouri Compromise, did not pass
Who was William Lloyd Garrison?
- editor of abolitionist newspaper The Liberator, a founder of the American Anti-Slavery Society
- promoted "immediate emancipation" of slaves in the United States
- prominent voice for the women's suffrage movement
- kinda got super crazy libral and went sorta kinda nutz
Who was Frederick Douglas?
- American social reformer, orator, writer and statesman. After escaping from slavery, he became a leader of the abolitionist movement, gaining renown for his dazzling oratory and incisive antislavery writing
What was popular sovereignty?
- belief that the legitimacy of the state is created by the will or consent of its people, who are the source of all political power
What was the Underground Railroad?
- informal network of secret routes and safe houses used by 1800s black slaves to escape to free states/Canada/Mexico/overseas with the aid of abolitionists who were sympathetic to their cause
What was the Compromise of 1850?
- intricate package of five bills defusing a four-year confrontation between the slave states & free states that arose following the Mexican-American War
- Texas - gave up claim to New Mexico --- received debt relief & pan handle/El Paso control
- organized the Territory of New Mexico, organized the Territory of Utah.
- Slave states - gave up sth slave claim --- recieved popular soveriegnty slave votes & fugitive slave act
- California entered free
- prohibited the slave trade (but not slavery itself) in the District of Columbia
What was the Dred Scott Decision?
was a ruling by the U.S. Supreme Court that people of African descent imported into the United States and held as slaves (or their descendants,[2] whether or not they were slaves) were not protected by the Constitution and could never be U.S. citizens.[3] The court also held that the U.S. Congress had no authority to prohibit slavery in federal territories and that, because slaves were not citizens, they could not sue in court. Furthermore, the Court ruled that slaves, as chattels or private property, could not be taken away from their owners without due process