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49 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
WHAT TYPE OF BLEEDING FLOWS IN A STEADY STREAM AND IS DARK RED OR MAROON IN COLOR
VENOUS
WHAT METHOD IS USED TO CONTROL SEVERE BLEEDING WHEN DIRECT PRESSURE AND ELEVATION ARE NOT EFFECTIVE?
Indirect Pressure
WHAT METHOD IS USED TO CONTROL BLEEDING ONLY AS A LAST RESORT?
Tourniquet
IF YOU HAVE TO USE ONE, WHERE SHOULD YOU PLACE A TOURNIQUET?
closest to the wound
WHAT TYPE OF BLEEDING IS CONTROLLED BY USE OF INDIRECT PRESSURE OR PRESSURE POINTS?
ARTERIAL
WHAT TYPE OF BURN IS CHARACTERIZED BY REDNESS AND TINGLING IN THE AFFECTED AREA?
1ST DEGREE BURN
WHAT SHOULD NOT BE DOEN TO A BURN VICTIM
REMOVE CLOTHING ADHERING TO WOUND.
WHAT IS THE FIRST THING TO DO TO TREAT A VICTIM OF ELECTRIAL SHOCK?
ENSURE VICTIM IS REMOVED FROM THE POWER SOURCE.
WHAT TYPE OF BURN IS CHARACTERIZED BY BLISTERS AND MOTTLING IN THE AFFECTED AREA?
2ND DEGREE BURN
WHAT TYPE OF INJURY / WOUND IS DIFFICULT TO DIAGNOSE BECAUSE MOST CANNOT BE SEEN EXTERNALLY?
Closed abdominal injuries
WHAT TYPE OF BLEEDING FLOWS IN A STEADY STREAM AND IS DARK RED OR MAROON IN COLOR
VENOUS
WHAT METHOD IS USED TO CONTROL SEVERE BLEEDING WHEN DIRECT PRESSURE AND ELEVATION ARE NOT EFFECTIVE?
Indirect Pressure
WHAT METHOD IS USED TO CONTROL BLEEDING ONLY AS A LAST RESORT?
Tourniquet
WHAT TYPE OF BLEEDING IS CONTROLLED BY USE OF INDIRECT PRESSURE OR PRESSURE POINTS?
ARTERIAL
WHAT TYPE OF BURN IS CHARACTERIZED BY REDNESS AND TINGLING IN THE AFFECTED AREA?
1ST DEGREE BURN
WHAT SHOULD NOT BE DOEN TO A BURN VICTIM
REMOVE CLOTHING ADHERING TO WOUND.
WHAT IS THE FIRST THING TO DO TO TREAT A VICTIM OF ELECTRIAL SHOCK?
ENSURE VICTIM IS REMOVED FROM THE POWER SOURCE.
WHAT TYPE OF BURN IS CHARACTERIZED BY BLISTERS AND MOTTLING IN THE AFFECTED AREA?
2ND DEGREE BURN
wITH THIS TYPE OF BURN, THE VICTIM MAY NOT FEEL ANY PAIN AT THE BURN SITE
3rd degree
WHAT TYPE OF INJURY / WOUND IS DIFFICULT TO DIAGNOSE BECAUSE MOST CANNOT BE SEEN EXTERNALLY?
Closed abdominal injuries
wHAT IS THE PREFERRED METHOD TO CONTORL BLEEDING FOR A VICTIM HAVING AN ABDOMINAL WOUND WITH PROTRUDING INTESTINES?
wet dressing
WHAT CAN BE USED TO SEAL THE WOUND OF A SUCKING CHEST WOUND?
ID CARD
WHAT TYPE OF INJURY/WOUND MAKES A HOLE IN THE CHEST CAVITY, CAUSES THE LUNG TO COLLAPSE, AND PREVENTS NORMAL BREATHING?
SUCKING CHEST WOUND
WHAT TYPE OF INJURY REQUIRES SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS SUCH AS KEEPING THE VICTIM LYING FLAT, WITH THE HEAD AT THE LEVEL OF THE BODY AND NEVER GIVING ANY MEDICATIONS?
head wound
WHAT IS THE PRIMARY PROCESS OF FIRST AID FOR FRACTURES?
IMMOBILIZE THE INJURED PART
HOW DO YOU ASSESS A VICTIM WITH A POTENTIAL SPINAL INJURY?
ASK VICTIM IF THEY CAN MOVE THEIR EXTREMITIES
HOW MANY PEOPLE ARE REQUIRED TO PLACE A VICTIM ON A SPINEBOARD BY USING THE STRADDLE-SIDE METHOD.
4
WHAT ARE THE TWO PRIMARY PURPOSES WHEN PERFORMING EMERGENCY TREATMENT FOR ALL SPINAL FRACTURES?
stop the bleeding and immobilize the victim
Another name for an open fracture___
compound fracture
what type of stretcher is most oftern used for direct ship to ship transfer of injured persons?
stokes
What type of stretcher has limited use aboard ship because it is difficult to fasten the victim to the stretcher and transport up and down ladders?
Army Litter
What is the easiest way to transport an unconscious victim without an injured arm, leg, rib, nec or back?
Firemans carry
What was the neil robertson stretcher specially designed for?
specially designed to remove a casualty from engineering spaces, holds, vertical trunks, and other compartments where hatches or ladders are too small to use other stretchers.
What type of stretcher can fit within a stokes strtcher, float with a 250 Lbs person and can be used in virtually every confined space aboard ship.
Miller (Full Body) Board
Who needs to be familiar with the location of first aid boces, battle dressing stations, poison antidote lockers, and stretchers toughout the ship.
all personnel
The common symptoms of this injury or condition include dilated pupils, pale, cool and clammy skin, and a weak or absent pulse?
heat exaustion
what are the most common symptoms of heat stroke?
deep breathing at first, then shallow, constricted pupils, dry and hot skin
what are the most common symptoms of heat cramps
muscle pain or spasms cramps and excessive sweating.
what is the proper treatment for heat cramps
Moving the victim to a cool area, giving cool water every 15 minutes, and gently massaging the muscle.
What is the propper treatment for heat exhaustion?
Move the victim to a cool area, loosening all restrictive clothing, not allowing victim to become chilled.
What are the three stages of heat exposure in severity from least to worst?
Heat cramps, heat exhaustion and heat stroke.
administer first aid primary objectives
maintain open airways, maintain breathing, maintain circulation
How can toxic poisoning be removed if it was injected?
receiving the proper antidotal medication
What is the general rule once you realize that poisoning has been established
quickly remove most of toxic substance
What are the two primary purposes when performing emergency treatment for all spinal fractures?
Minimize shock and prevent further injury
What are the purposes of first aid
Save life, prevent further injury, and minimize or prevent infection
What should be done after a victim has been removed from a toxic environment
Start Basic life support
What is the first stage of treatment for inhalation poisoning
Remove from toxic atmosphere
if a chemical warfare agent is the cause of poisoning____
remove or decontaminate the clothing.