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13 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Right v.Right dilemma paradigms
Truth v.Loyalty
Individual v.Community
Short-term v.Long-term
Justic v. Mercy
Resolution Principles
-End Based (Utiltarianism): Greatest good for the greatest number
-Rule-Based (Deontological)
-Care-Based (Gold Rule) do to others what you would have them to do you
Moral Relativism Principles
-different cultures have different moral rules
-no fair,unbiased procedures for saying 1 set of rules is better than another
-our own culture's moral code is not superior
-no Universal Truths
-moral codes determine what is right to do w/in given society
-arrogant and wrong to judge the conduct of others. should be tolerant of other cultures
if moral relativism is true
-right is determined by conformity to social standard
-if beating wife is social standard, it is ok
-moral progress is an illogical concept
-if current codes are "right" than they cant be made better
moral educatin
Character Education
Character Ed.
old fashioned,cutting-edge
Traits of character (honesty, bravery, loyalty)
learn thru example and stories
once learned, practice til becomes habit
William Kilpatrick: "Why Johnny cant tell right from wrong?"
Character Ed. Problems
-promulgates 1 set of judeo-christian "dead white male" values
-puts schools in position to "teach" values
Decisions makign
Help think more independently and critically
Self discovered values better than handed-down values
2 types=values clarification and moral reasoning
values clarification
Increase student awareness of own feelings. Values= feelings
personal growth
nonjudgemental attitude
everybody is right, nobody is wrong
-Louis Raths, Merrill Harmin, Sidney Simon
students clarify own values, dont learn teacher's values
value Clarification problems
-low achieving clas values sex, drugs, drinking
-students "clarified" values on grounds that everyone does it
-conditions children to think of values as relative
-encourages "value voting"
Moral Reasoning
-Lawrence Kohlberg
-socratic dialogue= asking systematic questions to draw out ideas w/out imposing values
moral reasoning problems
Many ethics not controversial
Hard to have "moral dilemma" if you dont care to try to do right thing
Morality=ongiong quality of life, not disjointed responses to isolated situations
Risk of developing a taste for argument rather than truth
Adverse effects of decisions making/ kilpatrick
classroom disscusions=bull sessions, opinions shared w/out conclusions
teachers=talk show hosts
students end up confused about values
students= moral illiterates, know own feelings, not their culture