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34 Cards in this Set

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pressure receptors
merkel cells (slowest adapting)
light touch receptors
meissner's
vibration receptors
pacinian(fastest adapting)
second messenger system of alpha-1 receptors
Gq-PLC-IP3, DAG
alpha-2 second messenger system
Gi--inhibits adenylate cyclase--decreased cAMP
beta-1 second messenger system
Gs---adenylate cyclase---increase in cAMP

same for beta 2
cheyne-stokes respirations are a sign of
uremia, could be physiological at high altitude
kussmaul respirations
deep fast, compensation of metabolic acidosis
Biot respirations
apneic episodes
brain tumors
V/Q is highest where
tip of lung
ventilation and perfusion are highest where
base of lung
sickle cell is due to mutation in what
point mutation in beta globin chains
venous O2 saturation usually is
70%
alpha2 globulin is decreased in
wilson's disease
(carries hemoglobin dimers)
lung maturation in infants can be accelerated by
glucocorticoids
Proximal tubule actively reabsorps
glucose and A.As
which part of Loop of Henle is water impermeable
thick ascending loop (generates osmotic gradient)
Loop of Henle reabsorbs
NaCl
distal tubule secretes what
potassium and hydrogen
RBF is calculated from
PAH clearance and hematocrit
GFR is calculated from
inulin clearance or creatine clearance

Norma-125ml/min
hyptonic dehydration example
diarrhea, vomitting

(increase ICV, decrease in ECV)
istonic dehydration example
blood

(ICV normal, ECV decrease)
hypertonic dehydration example
excessive sweating, diabetes insipidus

(ICV and ECV decrease)
hypotonic hydration example
SIADH

ECV ICV increase
isotonic hydration example
cardiac failure, nephrotic syndrome

ICV normal, ECV increase
hypertonic hydration example
hyperaldosteronism

ICV decrease, ECV increase
where is iron absorped?
duodenum
bile salts absorped in
terminal ileum
secretin action
bicarb rich pancreatic secretion
CCK release is caused by and results in
cuased by fat and peptides in duodenum

results in enzymes released from pancres, gall bladder contraction
GIP release results in
insulin secretion
what cells secrete pepsinogen
chief cells
the beta subunit of insulin receptor activates
tyrosine kinase-----ras-raf-MAP K