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16 Cards in this Set

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Dribbling
when a player repeatedly pushes, pats, taps or bats the ball toward the floor with one hand to cause the ball to bounce back up to either of his hands; used to advance the ball or keep control of it.
Rebound
when a player grabs a ball that is coming off the rim or backboard after a shot attempt
Jump Ball
2 opposing players jump for a ball an official tosses above and between them, to tap it to their teammates and gain possession; used to start the game (tip-off) and all overtime periods, and sometimes to restart play.
Foul
actions by players which break the rules but are not floor violations; penalized by a change in possession or free-throw opportunities
Traveling
a floor violation when the ball handler takes too many steps without dribbling; also called walking.
Free Throw
an unguarded shot taken from the foul line by a player whose opponent committed a personal or technical foul; it is worth 1 point.
Technical Foul
procedural violations and misconduct that officials believe are detrimental to the game; penalized by a single free-throw opportunity to the non-offending team (2 free-throws and possession in college).
Personal Foul
contact between players that may result in injury or provide one team with an unfair advantage; players may not push, hold, trip, hack, elbow, restrain or charge into an opponent; these are also counted as team fouls.
Fast break
also called the run-and-shoot offense, it begins with a defensive rebound by a player who immediately sends an outlet pass toward midcourt to his waiting teammates; these teammates can sprint to their basket and quickly shoot before enough opponents catch up to stop them.
Charging
an offensive foul which occurs when an offensive player runs into a defender who has established position.
Holding
Using the hands to interfere with or limit an opponent's freedom of movement.
Double Dribbling
a violation in which a player dribbles the ball, clearly holds it with a combination of either one or two hands (while either moving or stationary), and then proceeds to dribble again
Offense
Has the ball
Defense
Wants the ball
4 Types of Passes
Chest, Bounce, Overhead, One-handed baseball throw
4 Types of Shots
Lay-up, Set, Jump, Hook