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45 Cards in this Set

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bed position where head and trunk are raised 45 to 90 degrees c or s knee flexion, is called
fowlers
this is good position for clients w/ breathing/heart problems due to the force of gravity. it also aids in pelvic drainage?
fowlers
what is a disadvantage of the fowlers position?
promotes neck flexion and causes friction on lower back.
how often should you change a clients position if he/she is unable to move?
every 2 hrs
why should you move a client in bed?
to prevent pressure ulcers
this position is with the head of the bed down, this is called?
trendelenburg's
this position is used for postural drainage and abd surgery /promotes venous return/ and increase blood to brain, this is called?
trendelenburgs
disadvantages of trendelenburgs position?
not good for congested heart failure/ organs could compromise breathing
this position prevents esophageal reflux and facilitates gastric emptying, this position is called?
reverse trendelenburg
position when client is lying on back with knes flexed, this is called?
dorsal recumbent
this position is used to help recover from spinal surgery?
dorsal recumbent
this position is not good for clients w/ cardiovascular/respiratory problems, this is called?
dorsal recumbent
an adaptation of the high-fowlers position/ sits in bed or side of bed using a overbed table, this is called?
orthopneic
this position is used when client has toruble exhaling/allows for maximum chest expansion?
orthopneic
physically weak clients have trouble with this position?
orthopneic
this should be avoided with patients with cervical/lumbar problems?
prone
person laying on one side of bed/lying on their side with knees bent and also relieves pressure on the sacrum?
lateral/sidelying
this position promotes pressure ulcers on hips,knees, ankles, shoulders,and side of head?
lateral/sidelying
lying on side , knees bent with one arm behind back?
sim's position
this position is good for unconscious clients,facilitates drainage from mouth/and is a comfortable sleeping position for pregnant women?
sim's
birth giving position?
lithotomy
dog style?
genupectoral
birth giving position?
lithotomy
dog style?
genupectoral
t or f. always use two people to move a client up in bed?
true
where is your center of gravity(on your body)?
its located in pelvic area
where is your line of gravity?
runs behind the ears all the way to the floor.
what is your base of support?
it is the width of your feet?
name some lifting devices in the hospital?
mechanical lifts, roller boards, sliding boards, patient moves himself,slings, pivoting turntable.
what should the nurse do before and after moving/ambulating a client?
get vital signs!!!!!
t or f. you should always put wheelchairs of the patients weak side?
false
positioning the patient between 30 and 45 degrees in bed?
medium fowlers
position the patient less than 30 degrees is called
low fowlers
placing the patient b/ 60 and 90 degrees in bed?
high fowlers
draw sheets should always be from ----------- to ------------ on patient?
shoulders to knees
what 3 things do bed bath promote?
emotional support
circulation of skin
hygiene
items needed for a bed bath are?
mattress pad/towel, 2 sheets, draw sheet, blanket, and pillow case
when giving back rubs what term is used for long strokes?
effleurage
when giving back rubs what term is used for kneading or pinching motion?
petrissage
when giving back rubs what term is used for striking movement?
tapotement
who often should you check on a patient with restraints on ?
every 15 minutes
in an emergency how long can nurses leave restraints on?
1 hr (this is an universal policy)
vest like restraint is called?
posey jacket
what type of knot should a nurse use to restrain a client?
clove hitch
what is it called when elderly clients get confused at night?
sundown syndrome