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53 Cards in this Set

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concerns the use and
care of line and consists of forming knots, making splices, and fashioning useful and decorative articles from small stuff and twine.
Marlinespike seamanship
is the equipment used in anchoring and mooring with anchors. It includes anchors, anchor cables and chains, and associated equipment, such as
chain stoppers, bending shackles, outboard swivel
shots, and detachable links.
Ground tackle
standard shots is how long?
90-foot
Shots are
secured together by what that can be readily disassembled whenever it is desirable to break the chain
detachable links
is secured to a ring bolt on the bulkhead of the chain locker
bitter end
The anchor windlass vertical shaft type is used on most?
combatant ships
The anchor windlass horizontal shaft type is used on?
amphibious and auxiliary ships
which engage the links of
the anchor chain
wildcats
The wildcat may be disengaged whenit is desired to use the what for the vertical type or the what for the horizontal type for handling lines or wire.
capstan
gypsy heads
means the opening in a bulwark or life rail that gives access to a
brow or an accommodation ladder
gangway
consists essentially of an upper and a lower platform connected by a ladder.
accommodation ladder
is the Navy term for gangplank and are ramps used between ships and between a ship and pier.
Brows
are hinged conical metal shields secured around mooring lines. They are used to prevent rats from coming aboard ship.
Rat guards
is nothing more than a special crane that is designed specifically for handling boats in a safe and timely manner.
davits
is a spar that is secured to a gooseneck by a pin on the side of the ship.
boat boom
Where are bower anchors located?
carried on the bow of a ship
and secured in the hawspipe.
The standard mooring lines used to secure a
normal size ship at a pier include the—
a. Bowline
b. Forward bow spring
c. After bow spring
d. Forward quarter spring
e. After quarter spring
f. Stern line
refers to a noncommissioned waterborne vessel that is not designated as a service craft.
boat
is applied to waterborne craft that are designed for special use. Harbor tugs, ferryboats, various nonself-propelled barges, and floating dry docks are designated service craft.
service craft
are craft or boats specifically designed for combat roles. a variety of patrol, riverine, amphibious warfare, and special combatant craft.
Combatant craft
Any part of the boat aft of amidships.
Abaft
aft of a boat is the stern.
After end (aft)
is a point about halfway between the bow and stern and the sides of the boat.
Amidships
When something is said to be across the boat from side to side.
Athwartships
fore of the boat is the bow.
Forward end (fore).
usually describes the area inside the boat or an object nearer the centerline of the boat.
Inboard
describes the area furthermost from the boat’s centerline or beyond the side of a boat.
Outboard
When facing forward of the boat, your right-hand side
Starboard
When you are facing forward of the boat, your left-hand side
Port
is a length of rope, either fiber or wire, that is in use or has been cut for a specific purpose, such as a lifeline, heaving line, or
lead line.
A line
fiber rope is never called anything but what aboard ship.
line
Line 1 3/4 inches and under in circumference is called
small stuff
Nylon is not subject to
mildew
Nylon stretches about what percent before it will break
50
percent
is extremely dangerous and has caused severe injuries and death.
Snapback
are bindings on the ends of rope that keep the rope from unlaying
Whippings
are used to form eyes or to secure a cord or line around an object, such as a package. In other words, the line is bent to itself.
Knots
are used to bend a line to or around an object, such as a ring, spar, or stanchion
Hitches
are used to secure two lines together
Bends
Its chief use is to form an eye; but it can also be used
to secure a line to a pad eye, to secure another ring around a stanchion or other object, or to bend two lines together.
Bowline
also known as the reef knot from
its use in reefing sails, is quickly and easily made and
has a great many uses. It will not slip, but it can jam
Square Knot
chief value is binding together two lines of different sizes
becket bend
can be quickly and easily tied in several ways, and it will hold as long as there is a strain on it.
Clove Hitch
chief advantage over other hitches is that it won’t slip along the object to which it is secured.
round turn and two half
hitches
means laying it up in circles,
roughly one on top of the other
Coiling down a line
is laying it up in the same manner as for coiling down,
except that it is laid out in long, flat bights, one
alongside the other, instead of in round coils
Faking down a line
are used to permanently join two lines or to form an eye or loop in the end of a line.
Splices
is used where two lines are to be permanently joined, provided a slight enlargement of the diameter is not important.
short splice
List the three advantages of using nylon line over
natural fiber line.
a. Nylon line is 2 1/2 times stronger than
natural fiber.
b. Nylon has greater strength and elasticity.
c. Nylon has greater resistance to weather.
When a natural fiber line will bear on sharp edges
or run over rough surfaces, what action should
you take to protect the line from damage?
use a chafing gear between the contact point of the line and the damaging surface.
Under what condition should you use a wire rope?
when a great deal of
wear and tear and weathering and heat is met,
and greater strength is needed.
You are right-handed. When tying a bowline, the
overhand loop should be in what direction?
The overhand loop should be turned in a counterclockwise direction.
You are going to join two separate lines together
using a becket bend. What is the first step you
should take?
The first step you should take when joining two
separate lines together using a beck bend is to
make a bight on one line and run the bitter end of the other line up through the bight.