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16 Cards in this Set

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What are the two types of muscles?
Striated (meaning striped) which are voluntary and Nonstriated (smooth) which are involuntary.
proprioception
perception of the stimuli
How are most muscles connected?
Indirectly to the bones through connective tissue bands. One is called a tendon which is fibrous and cord-like. Another is the aponeurosis which is flat white and ribbon-like.
What are muscles part of?
The musculoskeletal system, which means muscles and skeleton.
What are the 7 primary ways that muscle names are derived?
1) SHAPE eg. triangularis, a muscle of the face that is triangular in shape
2) LOCATION eg. abdominis located in the abdominal area
3) ATTACHMENT eg. sternocleidomastoid is attached to the sternum, clavicle and mastoid
4) SIZE eg. maximus or major, both meaning larger or largest
5)ORIENTATION OF FIBERS direction that the individual fibers of a muscle extend eg. rectus meaning straight
6)RELATIVE POSITION these muscles contain basic directional planes eg. lateral, medial, etc.
7)FUNCTION the actual movement the muscles produce eg. adductor, a muscle that moves toward a medial plane
Anterior
In front of or toward the front of a body part or organ. Term also used in reference to VENTRAL or belly surface of the body.
Coronal
Situated in the direction of the coronal suture (the plane at a right angle to the median plane). Also means pertaining to the head or crown,
Distal
Remote, farther from any point of reference, opposite of proximal.
Inferior
Situated below or directed downward, also used to denote the lower portion of an organ or the lower of two structures.
Lateral
Pertaining to the side, denoting a position farther from the midline (median plane) of a structure.
Medial
Pertaining to the middle, closer to the midline of a body, pertaining to the middle layer.
Posterior
Situated in the back, also used in reference to the back or DORSAL surface of the body.
Proximal
Nearest, closer to any point of reference, opposite of distal.
Sagittal
Situated in or parallel to the sagittal suture, said of an anterposterior plane or parallel to the median (middle) part of the body.
Transverse
Placed crosswise, situated at right angles to the long axis.
Ventral
Pertaining to the abdomen, also used to denote a position which is more toward the belly surface than some other object of reference.