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53 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Who is the "Father of Medicine"?
Hippocrates
Who theorized that disease was caused by germs?
Louis Pasteur
What is microbiology?
the study of very small life
Name the famous nurse who served during the Crimean War.
Florence Nightingale
Name the first woman awarded and MD degree in the US.
Elizabeth Blackwell
Who produced the polio vaccine?
Jonas Salk and Albert Sabin
Who invented penicillin?
Sir Alexander Fleming, the British bacteriologist
What two languages form the basis for medical terminology?
Latin and Greek
Name two types of coding systems used today.
ICD and CPT
What does POMR stand for...
Problem-Oriented Medical Record
Name four parts of the POMR.
Database, problem list, plan and progress notes
SOAP format for progress notes....What does it stand for?
Subjective, Objective, Analysis and Plan
Drug names are written in one of three ways...name them.
Chemical name
Generic name
Trade name
Who invented the microscope?
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Name the 5 Levels of Organization.
Cell
Tissue
Organ
Body System
Organism
What is cytology?
Study of cells
What is Histology?
Microscopic study of tissues
Name 4 types of tissue.
Epithelial
Connective
Muscle
Nervous
Internal organs of the body are called.....
viscera
Name the reference point in medical communication.
Anatomical position
Name 3 types of directional planes.
Sagittal
Frontal
Transverse
What is Radiology?
Study of X-Rays
What is Sonography?
Ultrasound imaging
What is Fluoroscopy?
Imaging technique that uses a cathode ray tube to allow an observer to view a moving image.
What does MRI stand for...
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
What does CT stand for....
Computed Tomography
What is the moist, white, cheeselike substance on newborns called?
Vernix Caseosa
What is the fine, downy hair on a newborn called?
Lanugo
What is Hirsutism?
abnormal growth of hair
What determines the amount of a burn injury?
Rule of Nines
Three types of Muscle tissue.
Skeletal, Smooth and Cardiac
What is the state of equilibrium among the body systems?
Homeostasis
What is Hematology?
Study of blood and its components
What does CBC stand for?
Complete Blood Count
Blood and bone marrow contains three main types of blood cells...What are they?
Erythrocytes, Leukocytes and Thrombocytes
The molecule formed when oxygen and hemoglobin meet is what?
Oxyhemoglobin
Agglutinate
Clump together
Erythropoiesis
Production of red blood cells
Name the three types of granulocytes.
Neutrophils, Eosinophils and Basophils
What are small cells that form in the bone marrow called?
Platelets
Hepatomegaly
Enlarged liver
Splenomegaly
Enlarged spleen
What is abnormally low levels of hemoglobin produced by sickle-shaped RBCs called?
Sickle cell anemia
What is epistaxis?
Nosebleeds
What is pernicious anemia?
Vitamin B12 deficiency
Viscosity
Thickness
What is Thrombosis?
Condition of increased clotting
What is Hypochromia?
too little hemoglobin
What is Microcyte?
small RBC
What is Macrocyte?
large RBC
Poikilocyte
irregularly shaped cell
What is anticoagulant?
Prevents blood from clotting
What is antifibrinolytic?
Prevents the breakdown of a clot