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54 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Anatomical Position
body erect, facing forward, arms to the side, and palms facing forward
Anterior
towards the front of the body
Posterior
towards the back of the body
Medial
nearer to the midline or center of the body
Lateral
farthest away from the midline or center of the body
Midline
toward the center of the body
Peripheral
Away from the midline
Superior
nearer the top or upper end of the body
Inferior
nearer the bottom or lower end of the body
Proximal
nearest the point of attachment, or center of the body
Distal
farthest from the point of attachment or center of the body
Supine
lying down face up
Prone
lying down face down
Semi-sitting (semi-fowler's)
30 or 40 degree angle
Sitting (fowler's)
sitting straight up (90)
Left lateral
Pt is on left side with right knee and thigh drawn up
Shock position
lower extremities raised to a 30 or 40 degree angle- pt supine
Trendelenburg
the pt is tilted with head down and feet up- pt supine
Reverse Trendelenburg
the pt is tilted with feet down and head up- pt supine
Extension
straightening a limb, torso, or neck
Flexion
bending a limb, torso, or neck
Rotation
process of twisting or turning on an axis may be desribed as internal or external rotation
Cranium
the head or skull (neck will be discussed with the head)
Torso
(Trunk) Chest and abdomen. divided into thorax or chest cavity and abdomen
Extremities
the upper and lower extremities (arms and legs)
Frontal
anterior portion of the head
Parietal
the crown of the head (top)
Temporal
area where the ears are attached (bony prominence being the mastoid area)
Occipital
posterior or back of the skull
thyroid cartilage
the anterior prominence of the neck called the Adam's apple
cricoid cartilage
a ring like structure inferior to the thyroid cartilage
cricothyroid membrane
membrane between the cricoid and thyroid cartilages of the larynx
midclavicular line
an imaginary line drawn inferiorly through the middle of the clavical (male nipple)
supraclavicular area
the area above the clavicles (top of the lungs lie beneath this area)
sternum
lies in the middle of the anterior chest (breast bone)
xyphoid process
an arrow shaped piece of cartilage attached to the distal end of the sternum
sternal notch
a notch at the base of the anterior neck where the two clavicles are joined with the sternum
sternal angle
is the prominence at the junction of the upper and middle third of the sternum
intercostal space
the space between each rib
costal margins
the lower borders of the ribs
anterior axillary line
an imaginary line drawn through the anterior fold of the armpit
posterior axillary line
an imaginary line drawn through the posterior fold of the armpit
midaxillary line
midway between the anterior and posterior axillary lines
midscapular line
an imaginary line drwan vertically through the center of the scapulae
paravertebral area
the area alongside the vertebral column
flanks
lateral boarders of the back
epigastric
the superior abdomen; inferior to the xyphoid process and anterior to the stomach
umbillical
the area arround the umbilicus
suprapubic
the inferior abdomen; superior to the pubic bone and anterior to the bladder
RUQ (right upper quadrant)
diaphragm, liver, duodenum, gallbladder, lg. intestine, (kidney)
RLQ (right lower quadrant)
appendix, cecum, overy, uterus, bladder
LUQ (left upper quadrant)
diaphram,spleen, stomach, pancreas, (kidney)
LLQ (left lower quadrant)
sm. intestine, overy, uterus, bladder
antecubital fossa
the anterior surface of the elbow