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5 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
(Lorazepam)
oral solution called? A
Mechanism? B
(monitor refills)why? C
warnings? D
Can be used? E
Advantages over Valium? F
Appropriate for elderly? G
Drug group or family? H
Ativan
A: (Intensol- Roxane)
B: (potentiates GABA effects)
C: Abuse potential
D: Alcohol & driving
E: sublingually
F: (1-step inactivation)
G: Yes
H: Benzodiazepines
(Temazepam)
Fast, Intermediate or slow acting -For sleep? A
__B___ onset of action
Advantages over Valium? C
Drug group? D
Restoril
A: Intermediate
B: Slow
C: (1-step inactivation)
D: Benzodiazepines
(Clorazepate)
Slow or Quick absorption? A ____B_______ acting
Caution? C
Requires __D___ gastric pH for ____E_____ form
Drug grp? F
Tranxene
A: Quickly absorbed
B: intermediate
C: High abuse potential
D: low
E: active
F: Benzodiazepines
(Diazepam)
Drug grp? A
__B____ soluble, very _C____ speed of onset, elimination T1/2 = __D___ duration
There is an ___E___ metabolite
Caution? F
To D/C: taper daily dose down by? G
High dose for? H
I.V. for? I
Valium
A: Benzodiazepines
B: Lipid
C: fast
D: long
E: active
F: Potential for abuse
G: 1/4 Q 14 days
H: skeletal muscle spasm
I: epilepsy
(Alprazolam)
Oral solution 0.5 mg/5 mL, and also Intensol: 1mg/ml
For Daytime anxiety,for sleep, for panic attack
• Driving, alcohol warnings, abuse potential
• Metabolized to an inactive metabolite
• Elderly or debilitated patients: 0.25 mg, given 2 or 3 times a day. Gradually increase if needed and tolerated.
• Xanax XR tablets: 0.5, 1, 2, 3 mg
• Indicated for the treatment of panic disorder
• Taken once daily, preferable in the morning.
• They should be taken intact; they should not be chewed, crushed, or broken
• Treatment initiated with 0.5 or 1 mg once daily. Depending on response, the dose may be increased at intervals of 3 to 4 days in increments of no more than 1 mg/day
• Because of the danger of withdrawal, abrupt discontinuation should be avoided
• Dose reduction: it is suggested that the daily dosage be decreased by no more than 0.5 mg every three days. Some patients may require an even slower dosage reduction.
Xanax