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250 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
discredit
defame; disgrace; destroy confidence in; disbelieve; N. CF. discreditable: causing discredit; shameful
discrepancy
lack of consistency or agreement as between facts; difference; Ex. discrepancy between two descriptions
discrete
separate; unconnected
discretion
prudence; ability to adjust actions to circumstances; freedom of action or judgment; ADJ. discreet; CF. discretionary
discriminate
distinguish; make distinctions on the basis of preference
discriminating
able to see differences; discerning; prejudiced; N. discrimination
discursive
(of a person or writing) digressing; rambling (without any clear plan)
disdain
treat with scorn or contempt
disembark
debark; go ashore (from a ship); unload cargo from a ship; CF. embark
disenfranchise
disfranchise; deprive of a civil right; OP. enfranchise
disengage
uncouple; separate; disconnect; stop fighting; OP. engage
disfigure
mar the appearance of; spoil
disgorge
surrender something (stolen); eject; vomit; OP. gorge
disgruntle
make discontented
dishearten
discourage
disheveled
untidy (of hair or clothing); V. dishevel
dishonor
disgrace; N. ADJ. dishonorable
disinclination
unwillingness
disingenuous
not naive; not candid; sophisticated; worldly wise; OP. ingenuous
disinter
dig up; unearth; OP. inter
disinterested
unprejudiced; free from bias and self-interest; objective
disjointed
disconnected; lacking coherence; V. disjoint: disconnect; disjoin
disjunction
act or state of separation; disunity; CF. disjunctive: expressing a choice between two ideas; CF. conjunction; CF. conjunctive
dislodge
remove (forcibly); force out of a position; Ex. dislodge the food caught in his throat; CF. lodge
dismantle
take apart; disassemble
dismember
cut into small parts; cut (a body) apart limb from limb
dismiss
eliminate from consideration; no longer consider; put out of court without further hearing; reject; discharge from employment; direct to leave; ADJ. dismissive; N. dismissal
disparage
belittle
disparate
basically different; impossible to compare; unrelated
disparity
difference; condition of inequality; OP. parity
dispassionate
calm; impartial; not influenced by personal feelings
dispatch
speediness; prompt execution; message sent with all due speed; V: send to a specified destination; finish promptly; kill
dispel
scatter; drive away; cause to vanish
dispense
distribute; prepare and give out (medicines); N. dispensation: dispensing; religious system; official exemption from an obligation or a rule
disperse
scatter; Ex. disperse the cloud/crowd
dispirited
lacking in spirit
disport
amuse; Ex. disport oneself; CF. divert
disproportion
lack of proportion (between the parts); ADJ. disproportionate
disputatious
argumentative; fond of argument
disquietude
uneasiness; anxiety; V. disquiet: make anxious
disquisition
formal systematic inquiry; explanation of the results of a formal inquiry; long formal speech or written report
dissection
analysis; cutting apart in order to examine
dissemble
disguise; hide the real nature of; pretend
disseminate
distribute; spread; scatter (like seeds)
dissension
disagreement of opinions causing strife within a group
dissent
disagree
dissertation
formal essay; treatise
dissident
dissenting (with an opinion, a group, or a government); rebellious; N.
dissimulate
pretend; conceal by feigning; dissemble
dissipate
squander; waste foolishly; scatter
dissolution
disintegration; reduction to a liquid form; looseness in morals; sensual indulgence; debauchery; ADJ. dissolute: lacking in moral restraint; leading an immoral life
dissonance
discord
dissuade
persuade not to do; discourage; N. dissuasion
distant
reserved or aloof; cold in manner; Ex. distant greeting; ADV. distantly
distend
expand; swell out
distill
refine (a liquid by evaporating and subsequent condensation); concentrate; separate the most important parts from; Ex. distill fresh water from sea water; CF. brew
distinct
clearly different; clearly noticed
distinction
honor; excellence; difference; contrast; discrimination; Ex. graduated with distinction; Ex. a writer of real distinction
distinctive
clearly different from others of the same kind
distort
twist out of shape; give a false account of; misrepresent; N. distortion
distract
take (one's attention) off something; upset emotionally; make anxious; ADJ. distracted
distrait
absentminded; distracted
distraught
upset; distracted by anxiety; very anxious and troubled almost to the point of madness; Ex. distraught with grief/worry
diurnal
daily; occurring during the daytime
diva
operatic singer; prima donna
diverge
vary; go in different directions from the same point; ADJ. divergent: differing; deviating
diverse
differing in some characteristics (from each other); various; N. diversity:variety; dissimilitude; lack of resemblance
diversion
act of turning aside; pastime; V. divert: turn aside from a course; distract; amuse
divest
strip (as of clothes); deprive (as of rights); dispossess; N. divestiture(divestment)
divine
perceive intuitively (by or as if by magic); foresee the future; foretell; dowse; ADJ. N. divination
divulge
reveal
docile
obedient; easily managed; submissive
docket
program as for trial; book where such entries are made; list of things to be done; agenda; label fixed to a package listing contents or directions; V: describe in a docket
doctrinaire
unable to compromise about points of doctrine; dogmatic; unyielding; marked by inflexible attachment to a doctrine without regard to its practical difficulties
doctrine
teachings in general; particular principle (religious, legal, etc.) taught; dogma; tenet; ADJ. doctrinal
document
provide written evidence (for a claim); record with documents; N.
doddering
shaky; infirm from old age; V. dodder
doff
take off; OP. don
dogged
determined; stubborn; stubbornly persevering; tenacious; Ex. Inspector Javert's dogged pursuit of Jean Valjean
doggerel
poor verse
dogmatic
opinionated; holding stubbornly to one's opinion; arbitrary; doctrinal
doldrums
blues; listlessness(lack of spirit or energy); slack(inactive) period; period of stagnation; ocean area near the equator where ships cannot move because there is no wind; Ex. in the doldrums
dolorous
sorrowful; N. dolor
dolt
slow-thinking stupid person; CF. dull
domicile
home; V. ADJ. domiciled: having one's domicile; Ex. He is domiciled in Britain.
dominant
exercising the most influence; high and easily seen; stronger than the other part of a system; not recessive
dominate
control; rule; enjoy a commanding position in; overlook from a height;
domineer
rule over tyrannically
don
put on; OP. doff
doom
condemnation to a severe penalty; ruin; fate (esp. a tragic or ruinous one); V.
dormant
sleeping; temporarily inactive; lethargic; latent
dormer
window projecting upright from roof; CF. sleeping room
dorsal
relating to the back of an animal; Ex. dorsal fin
dossier
file of documents on a subject or person; file; CF. bundle of papers labeled on the back
dotage
senility; feeblemindedness of old age; Ex. In one's dotage
dote
be excessively fond of; show signs of mental decline
dour
sullen; gloomy; stubborn
douse
plunge into water or liquid; dip; immerse; drench; wet throughly; extinguish; throw water over; dowse
dowdy
untidy (of a woman or clothes); slovenly; dressed in an unattractive way; shabby; CF. unattractive woman
downcast
disheartened; dejected; sad; directed downward
dowry
money or property brought by a bride to her husband at marriage
dowse
use a divining rod to search for underground water or minerals
doze
sleep lightly; nap
drab
dull; lacking color; cheerless ; Ex. drab coat/life
draconian
extremely severe; Ex. draconian punishment; CF. Draco: Athenian politician
draft
first rough form; conscription; draught; V: make a draft of; conscript
drama
prose or verse composition to be performed by actors; play; exciting and unusual situation
drastic
strong; violent and severe; Ex. drastic changes/measures
draught
current of air (through a room or to a fire); act of pulling roads; act of swallowing liquid or amount of liquid swallowed at a time
draw
choosing of a lot or card
dregs
sediment in a liquid; lees; worthless residue
dribble
flow or fall in drops; let saliva flow out slowly from the mouth; move a ball; N.
drip
fall or let fall in drops; shed drops; N: action or sound of falling in drops; liquid that falls in drops
drivel
nonsense; foolishness; V: talk nonsense
droll
queer and amusing
drone
idle person who lives on other people's work; male bee
drone
talk dully; buzz or murmur like a bee; N.
droop
bend or hang downward; become weakened; Ex. His shoulders drooped with tiredness; N.
dross
waste matter; worthless impurities
drudge
do drudgery; N: person who drudges
drudgery
hard unpleasant work; menial work
dubious
questionable; (of something) causing doubt; (of someone) filled with doubt; N. dubiety
ductile
malleable; pliable; (of metals) easily pulled into shape; flexible; (of someone) easily influenced or controlled
dulcet
sweet sounding; pleasing to the ear; melodious
dull
(of colors or surfaces) not bright; cloudy; overcast; boring; (of edge or sound) not sharp; not rapid; sluggish; slow in thinking and understanding; stupid; V.
dumbfound(dumfound)
astonish (making dumb); ADJ. dumbfounded, dumfounded, dumbstruck
dummy
imitation of a real object used as a substitute; effigy
dupe
someone easily fooled or deceived; V: deceive
duplicity
double-dealing; hypocrisy; being dishonest and deceitful; ADJ. duplicitous
duration
length of time something lasts
duress
forcible restraint, especially unlawfully; coercion by threat; illegal coercion; Ex. a promise made under duress
dutiful(duteous)
(of people or their behavior) respectful; obedient (filled with a sense of duty)
dwindle
shrink; reduce gradually
dynamic
energetic; vigorously active
dynamo
generator for producing electricity; energetic person
dys-
abnormal; impaired
dysentery
inflammatory disorder of the lower intestinal tract
dyslexia
word blindness; learning disorder marked by impairment of the ability to read
dyspeptic
suffering from indigestion; N. dyspepsia: indigestion; difficulty in digesting food
earmark
set aside (money or time) for a particular purpose
earthly
of this earth; terrestrial; worldly; not divine; possible; Ex. no earthly reason
earthy
unrefined; coarse; of earth; Ex. earthy remarks; OP. ethereal
ebb
(of the tide) recede; lessen; diminish; N. OP. flow: rise of tide
ebullient
showing excitement; overflowing with enthusiasm; boiling; N. ebullience; N. ebullition: state of boiling
eccentric
irregular; odd; unconventional; whimsical; bizarre; not concentric
eccentricity
oddity; idiosyncrasy
ecclesiastic
ecclesiastical; pertaining to the church; N: minister; priest; cleric; clergyman
eclectic
selective; composed of elements drawn from disparate sources; selecting individual elements from a variety of sources; N. eclecticism
eclipse
darken; extinguish; outshine; surpass; cause an eclipse
ecliptic
path of the sun and the planets
ecologist
person concerned with the interrelationship between living organisms and their environment; person concerned with the detrimental effects of human civilization on the environment; CF. ecology
economy
efficiency or conciseness in using something; thrifty management of resources
ecosystem
ecological community together with its environment
ecstasy
rapture; very strong feeling of joy and happiness; any overpowering emotion; ADJ. ecstatic: causing or experiencing ecstasy
eddy
swirling current of water, air, etc.; V.
edict
decree (especially one issued by a sovereign); official command
edifice
building (of imposing size)
edify
instruct; correct morally
eerie
weird; causing fear because strange
efface
rub out; remove the surface of
effective
effectual; producing a strong response; striking; in operation; in effect; Ex. effective speech/photograph
effectual
able to produce a desired effect; valid
effectuate
effect; produce; achieve; Ex. effectuate a reconciliation
effeminate
having womanly traits
effervescence
inner excitement or exuberance; showing high spirits; emitting bubbles forming inside; bubbling from fermentation or carbonation; ADJ. effervescent; V. effervesce
effete
having lost one's original power; barren; worn out; exhausted
efficacy
power to produce desired effect; ADJ. efficacious: effectual
effigy
dummy; likeness of a person made of wood, paper, or stone; Ex. burn an effigy of the President
effluvium
noxious(harmful) smell
effrontery
rudeness without any sense of shame; shameless boldness; presumptousness; nerve; cheek
effulgent
shining brightly; brilliant
effusion
pouring forth; unrestrained outpouring of feeling; V. effuse: pour out; ADJ. effusive: pouring forth; gushing
ego
one's opinion of oneself; self-esteem
egoism
excessive interest in one's self; belief that one should be interested in one's self rather than in others; selfishness; ADJ. egoistic, egoistical
egotism
tendency to speak or write of oneself excessively; conceit; self-importance
egotistical
egotistic; excessively self-centered(egocentric); self-important; conceited
egregious
notorious; conspicuously bad or shocking
egress
exit; opening for going out; act of going out; OP. ingress
ejaculation
exclamation; abrupt ejection (to discharge sperm); V. ejaculate
elaborate
work out carefully; add more detail or information; ADJ.
elaboration
addition of details; intricacy
elastic
able to spring back into shape; quick to recover (as from disappointment); able to adapt to change; Ex. elastic plans; N: elastic material
elated
filled with excited joy and pride; overjoyed; in high spirits; joyful and proud; Ex. elated crowd; V. elate; N. elation
elegy
poem or song expressing lamentation (for the dead); ADJ. elegiacal, elegiac
elevation
elevated position; altitude; height; flat upright side of a building; angle made by pointing a gun; Ex. The elevation of her style is much admired; Ex. front elevation of the house
elicit
draw out fact or information (by discussion or from someone)
elixir
cure-all; panacea; something invigorating
ellipsis
omission of words from a text; mark used to indicate an omission (when the meaning can be understood without them); PL. ellipses
elliptical
elliptic; oval; of an ellipse; containing an ellipsis; ambiguous either purposely or because key words have been left out
elope
run away secretly with the intention of getting married
eloquence
expressiveness; persuasive speech; ADJ. eloquent: movingly expressive; expressing ideas well so that the hearers can be influeneced
elucidate
explain; make clear; clarify; enlighten; CF. lucid
elusive
evasive; not frank; baffling; hard to grasp, catch, or understand; V. elude: escape from; escape the understanding or grasp of; Ex. elude the hunter; Ex. His name eludes me.
elysian
relating to paradise; blissful
Elysium
place or condition of bliss
emaciated
thin and wasted (from hunger or illness)
emanate
issue forth; come out
emancipate
set free; liberate
emasculate
weaken; castrate
embargo
ban on commerce or other activity
embark
commence; go on board a boat; begin a journey
embed(imbed)
enclose; place in something; fix firmly in a surrounding mass
embellish
adorn; ornament; enhance as a story (by adding fictitious details)
embezzlement
taking for one's own use in violation of trust; stealing (of money placed in one's care)
embitter
make bitter; fill with painful or bitter feelings; make sad and angry; Ex. He was embittered by many disappointments.
emblazon
ornament richly (a shield or flag); N. emblazonment
embody
give a bodily form to; incorporate; include
emboss
produce a design in raised relief; decorate with a raised design
embrace
hug; clasp with the arms; adopt or espouse; accept readily; encircle; include; Ex. embrace the cause/socialism; Ex. all-embracing; CF. brace; CF. bracelet
embroider
decorate with needlework; ornament (a story) with fancy or fictitious details; embellish
embroil
throw into confusion; involve in strife, dispute, or quarrel; entangle; CF. imbroglio
embryonic
undeveloped; rudimentary; N. embryo: organism in the early stage of development
emend
correct (usually a text); N. emendation: correction of errors; improvement
emetic
substance causing vomiting; ADJ.
eminent
rising above others; high; lofty; distinguished; Ex. eminent position
emissary
agent (sent on a mission to represent another); messenger
emollient
soothing or softening remedy (for the skin); ADJ.
emolument
salary; payment for an office; compensation
empathy
ability to identify with another's feelings, ideas, etc.; identification with and understanding of another's feelings; V. empathize; CF. sympathy
empirical
based on experience
emulate
imitate; rival; try to equal or excel (through imitation)
enact
make (a bill) into law
enamored
in love; Ex. enamored of his own beauty; V. enamor: inspire with love
encipher
encode; convert a message into code; put into cipher
encircle
surround
enclave
territory enclosed within an alien land
encomiastic
praising; eulogistic; N. encomium: very high praise; eulogy
encompass
surround; include; Ex. His activities encompass publishing and computers.
encroachment
gradual intrusion; Ex. I resent all these encroachments on my valuable time; V. encroach: take another's possessions or right gradually or stealthily; intrude; Ex. encroach on/upon
encumber
burden; N. encumbrance
endear
make beloved; Ex. endear her to everyone; ADJ. dear: loved; cherished; high-priced
endearment
fond word or act; expression of affection
endemic
prevailing among a specific group of people or in a specific area or country; peculiar to a particular region or people; CF. pandemic
endorse
approve; support; write one's signature on the back of; N. endorsement; CF. dorsal
endue
provide with some quality; endow
enduring
lasting; surviving; V. endure: bear (pain or suffering) for a long time; remain alive (in spite of difficulties); last; survive
energize
invigorate; give energy to; make forceful and active
enervate
weaken; take away energy from
enfranchise
admit to the rights of citizenship (especially the right to vote); CF. franchise
engage
attract; employ; hire; pledge oneself; confront; fight; enter into confliction; interlock; lock together; participate; N. engagement: agreement to marry; arrangement to meet someone or to do something; battle
engaged
employed; busy; betrothed; involved in conflict
engaging
charming; attractive
engender
cause; produce; give rise to
engross
occupy fully; absorb
engulf
surround and swallow up
enhance
increase; make greater (as in value, reputation, or usefulness); improve
enigma
puzzle; mystery; ADJ. enigmatic: obscure; puzzling
enjoin
command; order; forbid
enlist
(cause to) join the armed forces; obtain (help, sympathy, or support)
enliven
make lively or spirited; animate