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250 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
cite
quote; commend; Ex. cited for bravery in an official record
civil
having to do with citizens; not military or religious; courteous and polite; Ex. married in a civil ceremony; Ex. civil strife/disorder/law; N. civility; CF. civic
clairvoyant
having foresight; fortuneteller; N. clairvoyance
clamber
climb by crawling with difficulties; scramble
clamor
loud continous noise; continuous demand or complaint made by a large number of people; V: make a clamor; express (a demand) continually and loudly; ADJ. clamorous
clandestine
secret
clangor
loud resounding noise; sound of repeated clanging
clap
to put or send promptly; Ex. clap the thief in jail
clapper
striker (tongue) of a bell
clarion
shrill, trumpetlike sound; kind of trumpet used in former times
clasp
hold firmly within arms
claustrophobia
fear of being locked in
clavicle
collarbone
cleave
split or sever; cling to; remain faithful to; N. cleavage; ADJ. cloven
cleft
N: split
clemency
disposition to be lenient in deciding punishments; mildness as of the weather; ADJ. clement
clich'e
phrase dulled in meaning by repetition; platitude; ADJ. clich'ed
clientele
body of customers
climactic
relating to the highest point; N. climax; CF. climatic
clime
climate
clip
cut off with shears; fasten; N: something clipped off (as a short extract from film); clasp or fastener
clipper
sailing vessel built for great speed
clique
small exclusive group of people
cloister
monastery or convent
clot
half-solid lump formed from a liquid (or blood); V.
clout
great influence (especially political or social); hard blow with fist
clown
act stupidly; play the fool; N.
cloying
distasteful (because excessive); excessively sweet or sentimental; V. cloy: become unpleasant through too much sweetness or excess
coagulate
congeal; thicken; clot; N. coagulant
coalesce
combine; fuse; N. coalescence
coalition
partnership; league; union of separate political parties
coax
persuade by flattery
coda
concluding section of a musical or literary composition
coddle
treat gently; indulge excessively; pamper; mollycoddle; baby; cook in water just below boiling point; Ex. coddled eggs
codicil
supplement to the body of a will; later addition to a will
codify
arrange (laws or rules) as a code; classify; N. code: system of words used instead of ordinary writing; collection of laws, rules, established social customs
coercion
use of force to get someone to object; compelling; V. coerce
coeval
living at the same time as; existing during the same period of time; contemporary; of the same age
cog
tooth projecting from a wheel
cogent
convincing
cogitate
think over; ponder
cognate
having a common origin; related linguistically; allied by blood; similar or akin in nature; Ex. cognate languages; N.
cognitive
having to do with knowing or perceiving related to the mental processes; N. cognition: the mental process of knowing
cognizance
knowledge; ADJ. cognizant; having knowledge; aware
cohabit
live together
cohere
stick together
cohesion
tendency to keep together
cohorts
group of people who share some common quality; armed band; a group of between 300 and 600 soldiers under one commander (in the ancient Rome)
coiffure
hairstyle
coin
make coins; invent or fabricate (a word or phrase); N. coinage: word or phrase recently invented
coincidence
the chance occurrence, at the same time, of two or more seemingly connected events; V. coincide: happen at the same time; be in agreement; CF. coincident; CF. coincidental
colander
utensil with perforated bottom used for straining
collaborate
work together; cooperate treasonably with the enemy
collage
work of art put together from fragments
collate
examine and compare in order to verify authenticity; arrange in order (the sheets of a book before they are bound)
collateral
security given for loan; ADJ: secondary; descended from the same person but through different sons or daughters
collation
a light meal; collating
collected
composed; calm; self-possessed
colloquial
pertaining to conversational or common speech; informal; N. colloquialism: colloquial expression
colloquy
informal discussion; conversation
collusion
conspiring in a fraudulent scheme to cheat or deceive others; V. collude
colossal
huge
colossus
gigantic statue; person or thing of great size or importance
coma
deep prolonged unconsciousness caused by disease, poison, or a severe blow
comatose
in a coma; extremely sleepy
combustible
easily burned; N. CF. combustion
comeback
retort; quick clever reply; return to former status
comely
attractive; agreeable; having a pleasing appearance
comestible
something fit to be eaten
comeuppance
deserts; well-deserved punishment or misfortune; rebuke
comity
courtesy; civility; Ex. comity of nations
commandeer
take (private property) for military use without needing permission or giving payment; draft for military purposes
commemorate
honor the memory of; serve as a memorial to; Ex. commemorate the 100th anniversary/those who died in the war
commemorative
remembering; honoring the memory of; Ex. commemorative stamp
commensurate
equal in extent; of the same size
commiserate
feel or express pity or sympathy for
commodious
spacious and comfortable
commonplace
ordinary; N: something ordinary or common; trite remark
commonwealth
nation governed by the people; republic; people of a nation
communal
held in common; public; of a group of people; of a commune
commune
small (often rural) community whose members share work and income; V: exchange thoughts or feelings; Ex. commune with nature
compact
agreement; contract; ADJ: tightly packed; firm; brief; concise; Ex. compact statement
compartment
one of the parts into which an enclosed space is divided
compassion
sympathy for the suffering of others; ADJ. compassionate
compatible
harmonious; in harmony with; able to exist together
compelling
overpowering; irresistible in effect; holding one's attention; that compels one to do something; Ex. a compelling adventure story; V. compel
compendium
brief, comprehensive summary; ADJ. compendious
compensatory
making up for; repaying
compilation
listing of information in tabular or book form; compiling
compile
assemble; gather; accumulate; make (a report or a book) from facts and information found in various places; Ex. compile a dictionary
complacency
self-satisfaction; smugness; ADJ. complacent
complaisant
trying to please; obliging; willing to please others
complement
complete; consummate; make perfect; N.
complementary
serving to complete something
compliance
conformity in fulfilling requirements; readiness to yield; disposition to yield to others; V. comply
compliant
readily acting in accordance with a rule, order, or the wishes or others; yielding; comforming to requirements
complicity
participation; involvement (in a questionable act or a crime)
component
element; ingredient
comport
bear one's self; behave; Ex. comport oneself; N. comportment
compost
mixture of decaying organic matter used as fertilizer; V: put or make compost
composure
mental calmness
comprehend
include; understand
comprehensive
broad; including a lot or everything; thorough; inclusive
compress
force into less space; squeeze; contract; put into fewer words; N: thick mass of cloth pressed to part of the body to stop bleeding or swelling, reduce fever, etc.
comprise
include; consist of
compromise
adjust or settle by making mutual concessions; endanger the interests or reputation of; put into danger, disrepute, or a dishonorable position; Ex. compromise one's principle; N.
compulsion
compelling; strong desire that is difficult to control; irresistible impulse
compulsive
resulting from compulsion
compulsory
obligatory; that must be done
compunction
remorse; strong uneasiness caused by guilt
compute
reckon; calculate
concatenate
link as in a chain
concave
hollow; curved inwards; OP. convex
concede
admit; acknowledge as being true (often reluctantly); yield; grant; Ex. concede a goal
conceit
vanity or self-love; too high opinion of one's own value; extravagant metaphor (in poetry)
concentric
having a common center
conception
beginning; forming of an idea; fertilization; V. conceive: form an idea in the mind; devise; become pregnant; CF. inception
concerted
mutually agreed on; done together by agreement; Ex. concerted effort; CF. in concert: working together
concession
an act of yielding; conceding; something conceded; point, right, etc. given unwillingly; privilege of maintaining a business in a certain place; Ex. oil concessions in the North sea; CF. concessionaire
conciliatory
reconciling; soothing; V. conciliate: reconcile; soothe; win the friendly feelings (by removing anger)
concise
brief and compact
conclave
private secret meeting
conclusive
decisive; ending all debate
concoct
prepare by mixing or combining; make up in concert; devise (something false) so as to deceive; Ex. concoct an elaborate excuse for being late; N. concoction
concomitant
that which accompanies; Ex. Deafnes is a frequent concommitant of old age; ADJ: existing or happening together with something else
concord
harmony; accord
concordat
formal agreement
concur
agree; coincide; happen at the same time
concurrent
happening at the same time; in agreement
condescend
(derog.) bestow courtesies with a superior air; descend to the level of one considered inferior
condign
adequate; (of punishment) severe and well deserved
condiments
seasonings; spices
condole
express condolences; N. condolence: sympathy for someone who has experienced great sorrow
condone
overlook; forgive; give tacit approval; excuse
conducive
helpful; contributive; V. conduce; Ex. conduce to/towards
conduit
aqueduct; passageway for fluids
confidant(confidante)
trusted friend (to whom one tells one's secret)
confide
tell in confidence (to a person one trusts); be confident about
confidential
spoken or written in secret; trusted with private matters; Ex. confidential secretary
confine
shut in an enclosed space; restrict; keep within limits; N. confinement
confiscate
seize; take possession of (private property) by official order (usu. as a punishment); commandeer
conflagration
great fire
confluence
flowing together; the place where two rivers flow together; crowd; gathering together
conformist
person who uncritically conforms to the customs of a group; OP. nonconformist: one who does not conform to accepted beliefs of norn ms
conformity
harmony; agreement with established rules or customs; similarity; Ex. behave in conformity with; V. conform: be similar; act in agreement; comply; Ex. conform to the rule; CF. conformans ce
confound
confuse; puzzle
congeal
freeze; coagulate
congenial
pleasant; friendly; in agreement with one's tastes and nature; Ex. congenial weather
congenital
existing at birth
conglomerate
corporation made up of several different companies in diversified fields; mass of various material gathered together; rock consisting of small stones held together by clay; V.
conglomeration
mass of material sticking together
congruence
correspondence of parts; harmonious relationship; CF. congruity
congruent
in agreement; harmonious; corresponding; coinciding exactly; CF. congruous
conifer
pine tree (usu. evergreen); cone-bearing tree; ADJ. coniferous; CF. deciduous; CF. evergreen
conjecture
surmise; guess; V.
conjugal
pertaining to marriage
conjure
cause to appear by magic; summon (a devil or a spirit) by magical power; practice magic (esp. by very quick movement of the hands); evoke; conjure up: bring into the mind; Ex. The magician conjured a rabbit out of his hat.
connivance
pretense of ignorance of something wrong; assistance; permission to offend; V. connive: feign ignorance (of a wrong); cooperate secretly in an illegal action; conspire
connoisseur
person competent to act as a judge of art, etc. (whose judgments are respected); a lover of an art
connotation
suggested or implied meaning of an expression; V. connote
connubial
pertaining to marriage or the matrimonial state
consanguineous(consanguine)
having a common ancestor
consanguinity
kinship; relationship by birth
conscientious
scrupulous; through and careful; Ex. conscientious worker
conscript
draftee; person forced into military service; V.
consecrate
dedicate; sanctify; declare as sacred; Ex. consecrate one's life to helping the poor
consensus
general agreement; opinion reached by a group
consequential
self-important; significant; consequent; following as a result; Ex. consequential air; CF. subsequent
conservatory(conservatoire)
school of the fine arts (especially music or drama); glass-enclosed area; CF. conservancy
consign
send to a person or place for sale; deliver officially; entrust; put into the care of another; set apart (for a special purpose); N. consignment; CF. consignor, consignee
consistency
absence of contradictions; uniformity; degree of thickness or firmness; Ex. consistency of thick cream; CF. viscous
console
lessen sadness or disappointment; give comfort; allay the sorrow of; N. consolation
consolidation
unification; process of becoming firmer or stronger; V. consolidate: merge; strengthen
consonance
harmony; agreement
consonant
harmonious; in agreement; N.
consort
associate with; keep company; N: husband or wife (or a ruler)
conspiracy
treacherous plot; secret plan against the law (by two or more people)
conspire
take part in a conspiracy; (of events) work together; combine; Ex. Events conspired to produce great difficulties.
consternation
great shock; dismay
constituency
voters represented by an elected official; district so represented; group of supporters (or constituents)
constituent
supporter; voter; member of a constituency; component
constitution
constituting; system of laws; composition of something; physical makeup or structure of a person; Ex. men with strong constitutions
constraint
restraint; compulsion; repression of feelings; reticence; V. constrain: hold back; restrain; compel; oblige; confine forcibly; imprison
construe
explain; interpret; Ex. construe her silence as meaning that she agreed; CF. misconstrue
consummate
complete; V.
contagion
infection (by contact); ADJ. contagious; CF. infectious: that can be passed by infection in the air
contaminate
pollute
contempt
scorn; disdain; ADJ. contemptuous; CF. contemptible
contend
struggle; compete; assert earnestly; state strongly
contention
assertion; claim; thesis; struggling; competition
contentious
quarrelsome; controversial; likely to cause arguments
contest
dispute; argue about the rightness of; compete for; try to win; Ex. contest the election results; Ex. contest a seat in Parliament; N.
context
writings preceding and following the passage quoted; circumstance in which an event occurs
contiguous
adjacent to; touching upon
continence
self-restraint; sexual chastity; sexual abstinence; voluntary control over bladder and bowel functions; ADJ. continent
contingent
dependent on something uncertain or in the future; conditional; happening by chance; accidental; N: a group of soldiers, ships to a larger force; CF. contingency: future event that may or may not occur; possibility; Ex. prepare for every contingency
contortions
twistings; distortions; V. contort: twist violently out of shape; CF. contortionist
contraband
illegal trade; smuggling; smuggled goods; ADJ.
contravene
contradict; oppose; violate (a rule, law, or custom); N. contravention
contrite
penitent; repentant; N. contrition
contrivance
something contrived; machine or apparatus; clever deceitful plan; scheme
contrive
invent or fabricate in a clever way (by improvisation); manage; Ex. contrive to attract his attention
contrived
unnatural and forced; artificial; not spontaneous; Ex. The ending was rather contrived.
controvert
oppose with arguments; attempt to refute; contradict; ADJ. controversial; N. controversy
contumacious
stubborn and disobedient; resisting authority (esp. disobedient to an order made by a court)
contusion
bruise
conundrum
riddle; difficult problem
convene
come together; assemble; call to meet; Ex. convene the council
convention
social or moral custom; established practice; formal meeting; international agreement
conventional
ordinary; typical; not nuclear; Ex. conventional weapons
converge
approach; tend to meet; come together
conversant
familiar with; having knowledge of
converse
opposite; ADJ.
convert
one who has adopted a different religion or opinion; V: change into another form; (persuade to) adopt a particular religion or belief
convex
curving outward
conveyance
vehicle; transfer; act of conveying; Ex. public conveyance
conviction
judgment that someone is guilty of a crime; strongly held belief
convivial
pleasantly merry; festive; joyous; gay; characterized by joviality; jovial
convoke
call together; Ex. convoke Parliament; N. convocation
convoluted
coiled around; twisted; involved; complicated; intricate; complex; N. convolution: twist; one of the convex folds of the surface of the brain
convulsion
violent uncontrollable shaking movement (caused by illness); V. convulse; ADJ. convulsive
copious
plentiful
coquette
flirt; flirtatious woman; woman who tries to attract the admiration of men without sincere feelings; V.
cordial
warmly friendly; gracious; heartfelt; Ex. cordial welcome
cordon
extended line of men or fortifications to prevent access or egress;
cornice
projecting molding on building (usually above columns or pillars);
cornucopia
horn (or horn-shaped container) overflowing with fruit and grain; symbol of abundance; horn of plenty
corollary
natural consequence (which naturally follows from something else)
coroner
public official who investigates any death thought to be of other than natural causes
corporeal
bodily (rather than spiritual); of a bodily form; material; tangible
corpulent
very fat; N. corpulence
corpus
collection (of writings or information); Ex. the corpus of Shakespear's works; Cf. corpse
corpuscle
red or white cell in the blood
correlate
either of the correlated things; V.
correlation
mutual relationship
corroborate
confirm; support; strengthen
corrode
destroy or wear away gradually by chemical action (over a long period)
corrosive
eating away by chemicals or disease; (of language) fierce
corrugated
wrinkled; ridged
cosmic
pertaining to the universe; vast
coterie
group that meets socially; select circle; close group of people with shared interests
countenance
approve; support; tolerate; Ex. countenance his rude behavior; N: face; appearance
countermand
cancel; revoke (an order)
counterpart
thing that completes another; things very much alike; thing that has the same purpose in a different system
coup
highly successful action or sudden attack; coup(s) d''etat; CF. coup de gr\^ace: deathblow or shot which kills
couple
join; unite; OP. uncouple
courier
messenger
court
attempt to gain; seek; woo; risk; behave so as to invite; attempt to gain the favor of by attention; Ex. court disaster
covenant
binding agreement between two groups or people; compact; V: enter into a covenant; promise
covert
secret; hidden; implied; OP. overt