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250 Cards in this Set

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inarticulate
speechless; producing indistinct speech; not articulate; not expressing oneself clearly
inasmuch_as
since; owing to the fact that
inaugurate
begin formally; install in office; induct into office by a formal ceremony; N. inauguration; ADJ. inaugural
incandescent
strikingly bright; shining with intense heat; emitting visible light when heated; Ex. incandescent light bulb; CF. candle
incantation
singing or chanting of magic spells; magical formula; (the saying of) words used in magic; CF. enchant
incapacitate
disable; N. incapacity: lack of capacity
incarcerate
imprison
incarnate
endowed with flesh; invested with bodily form; personified; Ex. devil incarnate; V: give bodily form to; embody
incarnation
act of assuming a human body and human nature; one who personifies something; personification; Ex. previous incarnation/reincarnation
incendiary
arsonist; ADJ: causing fire; of arson; Ex. incendiary bomb
incense
enrage; infuriate(make furious); make extremely angry; outrage; N: aromatic substance burned to produce a pleasant odor
incentive
spur; motive; something which encourages one to greater activity
inception
start; beginning
incessant
uninterrupted; unceasing
inchoate
(of desire, wish, plan) recently begun; not explicit; at the beginning of development; rudimentary; elementary; Ex. inchoate mass
incidence
rate of occurrence; particular occurrence; Ex. high incidence of infant mortality
incident
event; event that causes a crisis
incidental
not essential; minor; N: something incidental
incinerate
burn to ashes
incipient
beginning; in an early stage
incisive
(appreciatively) cutting; sharp; Ex. incisive remarks; V. incise: make a cut into
incite
arouse to action; goad; motivate; induce to exist; Ex. incite a riot/the crowd to rebellion
inclement
stormy; unkind; unmerciful; CF. clement
incline
slope; slant; Ex. steep incline
inclined
tending or leaning toward; bent; V. incline: slant; dispose; be disposed; tend
inclusive
tending to include all; all-inclusive; Ex. inclusive charge
incognito
with identity concealed; using an assumed name; ADJ.
incoherent
unintelligible; muddled; unable to express one's thoughts in an orderly manner; illogical; lacking cohesion; not coherent
incommodious
not spacious; inconvenient
incompatible
inharmonious; N. incompatibility
incongruity
lack of harmony; absurdity; ADJ. incongruous: lacking in harmony; inappropriate
inconsequential
insignificant; unimportant
inconsistency
state of being self-contradictory; lack of uniformity or steadiness; ADJ. inconsistent: displaying a lack of consistency; erratic; contradictory; incompatible
incontinent
lacking self-restraint; not continent; licentious
incontrovertible
indisputable; impossible to dispute; not open to question; unquestionable
incorporate
introduce something into a larger whole; include; embody; give material form to; ADJ.
incorporeal
without a material body; insubstantial
incorrigible
uncorrectable
incredulity
tendency to disbelief
incredulous
withholding belief; skeptical; showing disbelief
increment
increase
incriminate
accuse of or implicate in a crime; serve as evidence against; cause to seem or make guilty of a crime; Ex. incriminating evidence
incrustation
hard coating or crust; V. incrust: encrust; cover with a crust
incubate
hatch; warm (eggs) with the body to promote hatching; maintain at optimal environment conditions for development; be holding in one's body an infection which is going to develop into a disease; N. incubation; CF. incubation:disease
incubus
burden; very worriying problem; mental care; nightmare; male devil; CF. succubus
inculcate
teach (ideas or principles); instill
incumbent
obligatory; imposed as an obligation; currently holding an office; N: person who holds an office
incur
bring upon oneself
incursion
temporary invasion; CF. excursion: short journey
indecision
irresolution; inability to make up one's mind
indecisive
marked by indecision; inconclusive; Ex. indecisive battle
indefatigable
tireless; untiring; showing no sign of getting tired
indelible
not able to be erased
indemnify
make secure against damage or loss; compensate for damage or loss; CF. make uninjured
indentation
notch; deep recess; V. indent; CF. tooth
indenture
bind as servant or apprentice to master; bind by indenture; N: contract binding one party into the service of another for a specified time (as between an apprentice and his master)
indeterminate
uncertain; not clearly fixed; indefinite
indicative
suggestive; implying; serving to indicate
indices
signs; indications; Ex. indices of a student's potential; CF. index: something that reveals or indicates; sign; Ex. cost-of-living index
indict
charge; N. indictment
indifferent
unmoved or unconcerned by; having no interest in; mediocre; neither good nor bad
indigence
poverty
indigenous
native; Ex. plant indigenous to the New World
indigent
poor; destitute
indignation
anger at an injustice; Ex. righteous indignation; ADJ. indignant
indignity
treatment or situation that causes shame or loss of dignity, respect; offensive or insulting treatment; humiliating or degrading treatment; Ex. I suffered the indignity of having to say that in front of them.
indiscriminate
choosing at random; confused; not based on careful distinctions
indisputable
too certain to be disputed; beyond doubt
indissoluble
permanent; impossible to dissolve or disintegrate
indite
write; compose
indoctrinate
cause to accept a doctrine without questioning it; Ex. indoctrinated with mindless anti-communism
indolent
lazy
indomitable
unconquerable; unyielding
indubitable
unable to be doubted; which cannot be doubted; unquestionable
induce
persuade; lead to do something; bring about; N. inducement
induct
place formally in office; install; admit as a member; initiate; N. induction: inducting; process of deriving general principles from particular facts
inductive
pertaining to induction or proceeding from the specific to the general
indulge
yield to; gratify; allow oneself a special pleasure; Ex. indulge one's every whim/a child/in a big cigarette; N. indulgence
indulgent
humoring; yielding; lenient; showing indulgence
industrious
diligent; hard-working; N. industry
inebriate
make drunk; intoxicate; N. intoxicated person
inebriated
habitually intoxicated; drunk; N. inebriety
ineffable
unutterable; not to be uttered; taboo; that cannot be expressed in speech; indescribable; unspeakable; inexpressible; Ex. ineffable name/joy
ineffectual
not effective; not having a desired effect; weak
ineluctable
irresistible; not to be escaped; unavoidable
inept
unsuited; inappropriate; lacking skill; incompetent; CF. inapt: (of statements or ideas) inappropriate
inequity
unfairness; ADJ. inequitable
inerrancy
infallibility
inert
inactive; lacking power to move; unable to move or act; Ex. chemically inert; N. inertia: state of being inert; force which keeps a thing in the position or state
inestimable
impossible to estimate; (apprec) invaluable; of immeasurable worth
inevitable
unavoidable
inexorable
relentless; unyielding; implacable; not capable of being changed by entreaty or efforts; Ex. inexorable price rises
inextricable
from which it is impossible to get free; that cannot be untied; Ex. inextricable troubles; Ex. inextricable two histories
infallible
unerring; never making mistakes
infamous
notoriously bad; notorious; well known for being bad; Ex. infamous behavior; N: infamy: infamous act; evil fame or reputation
infantile
childish; infantlike
infer
deduce; conclude; N. inference
infernal
pertaining to hell; devilish; N. inferno: place of fiery heat or destruction
infest
inhabit in numbers large enough to be harmful; Ex. Mice infested the house; Ex. shark-infested waters
infidel
unbeliever (with respect to a particular religion)
infiltrate
pass into or through; penetrate or enter (an organization) sneakily; Ex. infiltrate the troops into enemy territory; CF. infiltrator
infinitesimal
very small
infirmity
weakness
inflated
exaggerated; pompous; enlarged (with air or gas)
influx
flowing into
infraction
violation (of a rule or regulation); breach
infringe
violate (a law); encroach (the right of another person)
ingenious
marked by inventive skill; clever; resourceful; N. ingenuity
ingenue
ing'enue; young innocent girl
ingenuous
naive and trusting; young; unsophisticated; candid
ingrained
deeply established; firmly rooted; Ex. ingrained dirt/prejudice
ingrate
ungrateful person (not expressing thanks)
ingratiate
become popular with; bring (oneself) in favor of another; Ex. ingratiate himself with the boss
inherent
firmly established by nature or habit; intrinsic
inhibit
restrain; prohibit; retard or prevent; N. inhibition
inhibited
(of a person) unable to express what one really feels
inimical
(of someone) unfriendly; hostile; (of something) harmful; detrimental; CF. enemy
inimitable
matchless; not able to be imitated
iniquitous
wicked; immoral; unrighteous; N. iniquity; Ex. den of iniquity
initiate
begin; originate; receive into a group; introduce to a new field or activity; Ex. initiate someone into the mysteries of a secret religion; N: one who has been initiated
injurious
harmful; causing injury
inkling
hint; slight indication
innate
inborn
innocuous
harmless
innovation
change; something newly introduced; introduction of something new; V. innovate: begin or introduce (something new); be creative; ADJ. innovative
innuendo
indirect or subtle (derogatory) hint; insinuation; Ex. sexual innuendo
inopportune
untimely; inappropriate or ill-timed; poorly chosen
inordinate
beyond reasonable limits; unrestrained; excessive; Ex. inordinate demands
inquisitive
eager for knowledge; unduly curious
inquisitor
questioner (especially harsh); investigator; person making an inquisition
inroad
hostile invasion; advance that lessens the quantity or difficulty of something; Ex. The long illness made serious inroads on his savings; CF. raid
insalubrious
unwholesome; not healthful; Ex. insalubrious place
insatiable
not easily satisfied; unquenchable; Ex. insatiable appetite
inscrutable
difficult to understand; impenetrable; not readily understood; mysterious
insensate
without feeling; lacking sense; foolish
insensible
unconscious; unresponsive; insensitive; unaware; imperceptible; Ex. insensible of his danger/to pain; Ex. insensible change; CF. not the opposite of sensible
insidious
treacherous; stealthy; sly; working or spreading harmfully in a stealthy manner; Ex. insidious spreading of dry rot
insightful
discerning; perceptive
insinuate
hint; imply; suggest indirectly; creep in; introduce or insert (oneself) by artful means; Ex. insinuate himself into the boss's favor; CF. ingratiate
insipid
lacking in flavor; lacking interest; dull; Ex. insipid food/character
insolence
impudent disrespect; haughtiness; ADJ. insolent; CF. haughty + rude
insolvent
bankrupt; lacking money to pay; N. insolvency
insomnia
wakefulness; inability to sleep
insouciant
without concern or care; unconcerned; indifferent
instigate
start; urge; provoke; incite; Ex. instigate a search/quarrel
institute
organization for a special purpose; V: establish
institution
instituting; (building for the) organization; established custom, practice, or relationship in a society; mental hospital; Ex. institution of marriage
institutionalize
make into an institution; put or confine in an institution
insubordination
disobedience; rebelliousness; ADJ. insubordinate
insubstantial
lacking substance; insignificant; frail; immaterial
insularity
narrow-mindedness; isolation; ADJ. insular: of an island; isolated; narrow-minded; CF. peninsula
insuperable
insurmountable; unbeatable; Ex. insuperable difficulties
insurgent
rebellious; N.
insurmountable
overwhelming; unbeatable; insuperable
insurrection
rebellion; uprising
intangible
not able to be perceived by touch; vague
integral
complete; necessary for completeness; Ex. integral part
integrate
make whole; combine; make into one unit
integrity
honesty; uprightness; wholeness; state of being whole and undivided; completeness
intellect
higher mental powers; person of great intellectual ability
intelligentsia
intellectuals; members of the educated elite (often used derogatorily)
inter
bury; N. interment
interdict
prohibit; forbid; N.
interim
meantime; Ex. in the interim; ADJ. taking place during an interim; Ex. interim paper
interjection
exclamation; Ex. ``Ouch''
interloper
intruder; one who interferes
intermediary
intermediate; acting as a mediator; N: mediator; go-between
interminable
endless
intermittent
periodic; on and off; stopping and starting at intervals
internecine
mutually destructive
interpolate
insert between
interregnum
period between two successive reigns or governments
interrogate
question closely; cross-examine; cross-question
interstice
narrow space between things
intervene
come between; interfere; Ex. intervened to prevent a fight; N. intervention
intimate
hint; suggest; imply; ADJ: marked by close relationship; familiar; private; personal; Ex. intimate knowledge/thoughts in the diary; N: close friend or confidant; CF. intimacy
intimidate
frighten; N. intimidation
intolerant
not willing to accept ways of thinking different from one's own; CF. tolerant; CF. tolerate
intoxicate
make drunk; stimulate or excite; Ex. intoxicated by all the money he might win
intractable
unruly; difficult to manage; Ex. intractable problem/child
intransigence
refusal of any compromise; stubbornness; ADJ. intransigent: uncompromising
intrepid
fearless
intrigue
make secret plans; plot; arouse the curiosity of; N: secret scheme; plot; secret love affair
intrinsic
essential; inherent; built-in
introspective
looking within oneself; N. introspection: self-examination
introvert
one who is introspective or inclined to think more about oneself; ADJ. introverted
intrude
put or force in without being asked; trespass; enter as an uninvited person; Ex. intrude one's own opinion into the report; CF. thrust in
intuition
immediate insight; power of knowing without reasoning; ADJ. intuitive; V. intuit: know by intuition
inundate
flood; overflow; submerge; cover completely; Ex. inundated with work
inured
accustomed; hardened; Ex. inured to the Alaskan cold; V. inure: make used to something undesirable; harden; CF. unfeeling
invalid
one incapacitated(disabled) by a chronic illness; ADJ: incapacitated by illness; not valid; null; V: allow to leave (a military force) because of ill-health
invalidate
weaken; destroy; make invalid; nullify
invective
abuse
inveigh
denounce; utter censure or invective; Ex. inveigh against the evils of drink
inveigle
deceive; lead astray by deception; wheedle(cajole); Ex. inveigle her into joining the club; CF. interest dishonestly
inverse
opposite
invert
turn upside down or inside out; reverse the position or condition of
inveterate
deep-rooted; habitual; CF. grow old
invidious
designed to create ill will or envy; tending to rouse ill will or envy; Ex. invidious comparison
invincible
unconquerable
inviolable
secure from corruption, attack, or violation(or profanation); unassailable; Ex. inviolable oath/rights; N. inviolability
invocation
prayer for help (used in invoking); calling upon as a reference or support; act of invoking
invoke
call and bring into use (a right or law); call on/upon (a higher power or god) for help; ask for; beg for; conjure (a spirit); Ex. invoke the veto power; Ex. invoke one's advisor/God
invulnerable
incapable of injury; impossible to damage or injure
iota
very small quantity
irascible
irritable; easily angered
irate
angry; CF. ire: anger; wrath
iridescent
exhibiting rainbowlike colors; Ex. iridescent oil slick; N. iridescence
irksome
annoying; tedious; V. irk: annoy
ironic
expressing irony; occurring in an unexpected and contrary manner
irony
hidden sarcasm or satire; use of words that seem to mean the opposite of what they actually mean; use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning
irreconcilable
impossible to reconcile; incompatible; not able to be resolved
irrefutable
indisputable; incontrovertible; undeniable
irrelevant
not applicable; unrelated
irremediable
incurable; uncorrectable; impossible to remedy
irreparable
not able to be corrected or repaired; impossible to repair
irrepressible
unable to be restrained or held back; impossible to hold back
irreproachable
beyond reproach; blameless; impeccable; Ex. irreproachable conduct
irresolute
uncertain how to act; weak; lacking in resolution; indecisive; N. irresolution
irretrievable
impossible to recover or regain; CF. retrieve
irreverence
lack of proper respect or reverence; ADJ. irreverent
irrevocable
unalterable; irreversible; impossible to revoke
isotope
varying from of an element
isthmus
narrow neck of land connecting two larger bodies of land
itinerant
wandering; traveling from place to place (to perform work); Ex. itinerant preacher
itinerary
plan of a trip; record of a trip
jab
poke abruptly with something sharp; punch with short blows
jabber
chatter rapidly or unintelligibly
jaded
tired or uninterested by surfeit; fatigued; surfeited; worn out; wearied; Ex. jaded appetite
jargon
language used by special group; technical terminology; gibberish; nonsensical or incoherent talk
jaundice
medical condition in which the skin, the white part of the eyes, etc. turn yellow; V: affect with jaundice; affect with prejudice, envy, or hostility; bias
jaundiced
yellowed; prejudiced (envious, hostile, or resentful) from long and disappointing experience of human affairs; Ex. with a jaundiced eye
jaunt
trip; short journey
jaunty
cheerful and pleased with life; lighthearted; animated; easy and carefree; dapper in appearance; Ex. jaunty person/hat
jeopardize
endanger; imperil; put at risk; N. jeopardy: danger
jest
playful remark or act; V. act or speak playfully
jetsam
things thrown from a ship (to lighten the ship)
jettison
throw overboard (from a ship or plane)
jibe
agree; be in harmony with; gibe
jingoist
extremely aggressive and militant patriot; warlike chauvinist; N. jingoism: extreme nationalism
jocose
given to(having a tendency of) joking
jocular
said or done in jest or playfully; marked by joking
jocund
merry
jollity
gaiety; cheerfulness; ADJ. jolly: merry; gay
jostle
shove; bump; push against (someone) rather roughly; Ex. jostled by the crowds
jovial
good-natured; merry; cheerful
jubilation
rejoicing; great joy
judiciary
judicial branch of government
judicious
sound on judgment; wise
jug
pitcher; container for holding liquids