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143 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
abeyance
suspended action
Abstemious
sparing in eating and drinking; temperate
alacrity
cheerful promptness without reluctance
anarchy
absence of governing body; state of disorder
anomalous
abnormal; irregular
approbation
approval
appropriate
acquire; take possession of for one's own use without permission; set aside for a particular purpose; allocate; CF. misappropriate
aver
state confidently; declare as true
belie
contradict; give a false impression; disguise; Ex. The poor sales belied our high hopes; Ex. Her smile belies her true feeling of displeasure.
burnish
make shiny by rubbing; polish
buttress
support; prop up; N. stationary structure to support wall; Ex. flying buttress
castigation
punishment; severe criticism or disapproval
coagulate
congeal; thicken; clot; N. coagulant
coda
concluding section of a musical or literary composition
compendium
brief, comprehensive summary; ADJ. compendious
complaisant
trying to please; obliging; willing to please others
conciliatory
reconciling; soothing; V. conciliate: reconcile; soothe; win the friendly feelings (by removing anger)
condone
overlook; forgive; give tacit approval; excuse
connoisseur
person competent to act as a judge of art, etc. (whose judgments are respected); a lover of an art
contention
assertion; claim; thesis; struggling; competition
contrite
penitent; repentant; N. contrition
conundrum
riddle; difficult problem
converge
approach; tend to meet; come together
craven
cowardly
default
failure to act; failure to perform a task or be present; V.
deference
courteous regard for another's wish; courteous yielding to another's wish or opinion (showing respect); ADJ. deferential; OP. effrontery
delineate
portray; depict; sketch; describe; N. delineation
deterrent
something that discourages or deters
diffuse
wordy; verbose; rambling; spread out (like a gas); V: spread out in all directions; disperse; N. diffusion; CF. suffuse
dirge
funeral song; slow mournful piece of music (sung over a dead person)
discerning
mentally quick and observant; having insight; perceptive; able to make good judgments; V. discern: perceive
discredit
defame; disgrace; destroy confidence in; disbelieve; N. CF. discreditable: causing discredit; shameful
discrete
separate; unconnected
disingenuous
not naive; not candid; sophisticated; worldly wise; OP. ingenuous
disinterested
unprejudiced; free from bias and self-interest; objective
dissemble
disguise; hide the real nature of; pretend
dissolution
disintegration; reduction to a liquid form; looseness in morals; sensual indulgence; debauchery; ADJ. dissolute: lacking in moral restraint; leading an immoral life
distend
expand; swell out
divest
strip (as of clothes); deprive (as of rights); dispossess; N. divestiture(divestment)
dormant
sleeping; temporarily inactive; lethargic; latent
ebullient
showing excitement; overflowing with enthusiasm; boiling; N. ebullience; N. ebullition: state of boiling
elicit
draw out fact or information (by discussion or from someone)
embellish
adorn; ornament; enhance as a story (by adding fictitious details)
empirical
based on experience
equanimity
calmness of temperament; composure
euphemism
mild expression in place of an unpleasant one; ADJ. euphemistic
facetious
joking (often inappropriately); unserious; humorous
fallacious
false; based on a fallacy; misleading; N. fallacy: false idea or notion; false reasoning; Ex. popular fallacy; Ex. fallacy of the argument
fatuous
smugly and unconsciously foolish; inane; silly; N. fatuity, fatuousness
fawning
courting favor by cringing and flattering; V. fawn: exhibit affection as a dog; seek favor or attention by obsequiousness
felicitous
(of a word or remark) apt; suitably expressed; well chosen
fledgling(fledgeling)
inexperienced; N: young bird that has acquired wing feathers and is learning to fly; inexperienced person
flout
reject; mock; show contempt for; scorn; Ex. flout the rules
forestall
prevent by taking action in advance
frugality
thrift; economy; ADJ. frugal: practicing economy; costing little; inexpensive
futile
useless; hopeless; ineffectual
gainsay
deny
goad
urge on; drive with a goad; cause (someone) to do something by continued annoyance; Ex. They goaded him into doing it by saying he was a coward; N: sharp-pointed stick for driving cattle; stimulus; CF. annoy continually
gouge
tear out; cut out (as if with a gouge); Ex. gouge his eyes out; N: chisel for cutting out hollow areas in wood
guileless
without deceit
harangue
long, passionate, and vehement speech; V.
hyperbole
exaggeration; overstatement; ADJ. hyperbolic: of hyperbole; of a hyperbola
immutable
unchangeable
impair
injure; hurt; damage
impassive
without feeling; expressionless; imperturbable; stoical; Ex. impassive face
impervious
impenetrable; incapable of being damaged or distressed; incapable of being affected (in one's opinions); Ex. impervious to water/criticism
indeterminate
uncertain; not clearly fixed; indefinite
indigence
poverty
ingenuous
naive and trusting; young; unsophisticated; candid
insensible
unconscious; unresponsive; insensitive; unaware; imperceptible; Ex. insensible of his danger/to pain; Ex. insensible change; CF. not the opposite of sensible
insinuate
hint; imply; suggest indirectly; creep in; introduce or insert (oneself) by artful means; Ex. insinuate himself into the boss's favor; CF. ingratiate
insipid
lacking in flavor; lacking interest; dull; Ex. insipid food/character
insularity
narrow-mindedness; isolation; ADJ. insular: of an island; isolated; narrow-minded; CF. peninsula
intractable
unruly; difficult to manage; Ex. intractable problem/child
intransigence
refusal of any compromise; stubbornness; ADJ. intransigent: uncompromising
invective
abuse
irresolute
uncertain how to act; weak; lacking in resolution; indecisive; N. irresolution
laconic
brief and to the point; using few words; terse
lassitude
languor; weariness; listlessness
latent
present but not yet noticeable or active; dormant; hidden; N. latency; CF. potential
levity
lack of seriousness or steadiness; frivolity; lightness of manner
mendacious
lying; habitually dishonest; N. mendacity
morose
ill-humored; sullen; sullenly melancholy
mundane
worldly as opposed to spiritual; everyday; of the ordinary; Ex. mundane existence; CF. world
neophyte
recent convert; new member of a religious group; beginner; CF. plant
officious
meddlesome; excessively pushy in offering one's services; overly eager in offering unwanted services or advices; Ex. officious bellboy
opprobrium
infamy; disgrace arising from shameful conduct; vilification(slander); scorn; contempt; Ex. opprobrium hurled against him; ADJ. opprobrious: expressing contempt; shameful or infamous
oscillate
vibrate pendulumlike; waver
partisan
one-sided; prejudiced; committed to a party (with dislike of any others); N: strong supporter of a party; guerrilla
pathological
pertaining to disease; N. pathology: study of disease
penchant
strong inclination; strong liking (esp. for something that is disapproved of by other people); Ex. penchant for fast cars
penury
extreme poverty; stinginess; ADJ. penurious: very poor; stingy
perennial
something long-lasting; perennial plant; ADJ: lasting through the year or many years; lasting for a long time; enduring
perfidious
treacherous; disloyal; N. perfidy: treachery
perfunctory
done routinely and with little care; superficial; not thorough; lacking interest, care, or enthusiasm; Ex. perfunctory kiss
phlegmatic
calm and unexcitable; not easily disturbed; CF. phlegm: sticky mucus produced in the respiratory tract
platitude
trite remark; commonplace statement; ADJ. platitudinous
porous
full of pores; like a sieve
preamble
introductory statement
precursor
forerunner; predecessor
prevaricate
lie; hide the truth (by equivocating)
pristine
unspoiled; remaining in a pure state; characteristic of earlier times; primitive; Ex. an old book in pristine condition
probity
uprightness; honesty; incorruptibility
prodigal
wasteful; reckless with money; profuse; Ex. a mind prodigal of ideas; N. prodigality
propensity
natural inclination
propitiate
appease; conciliate; make peaceful; ADJ. propitiatory
proscribe
prohibit; ostracize; banish; outlaw
recalcitrant
disobedient or resisting authority even after being punished; obstinately stubborn; determined to resist authority; unruly; Ex. recalcitrant child
recant
disclaim or disavow; retract a previous statement; openly confess error; Ex. recant one's faith/a statement
recluse
hermit; loner; ADJ. reclusive
recondite
abstruse; not easily understood; profound; secret
refractory
unmanageable; disobedient and stubborn; Ex. refractory horse
relegate
put into a lower or worse place; banish to an inferior position; delegate; assign; Ex. relegate the old furniture to the children's room; Ex. relegated to the second division
reproach
blame (not angrily but sadly); express disapproval or disappointment; N. ADJ. reproachful
reprobate
morally disapproved person; person hardened in sin, devoid of a sense of decency; CF. disapproved by God ?
repudiate
disown; disavow; deny
reticent
inclined to silence; uncommunicative; reserved; Ex. He was reticent about the reasons; N. reticence
reverent
respectful; worshipful; V. revere: regard with reverence; N. reverence: profound respect
sage
person celebrated for wisdom; wise person; ADJ: wise
salubrious
healthful; conducive to health or well-being; socially desirable; Ex. salubrious area; CF. health
sanction
approve; ratify; N: permission; penalty intended to enforce compliance
savor
enjoy; have a distinctive flavor, smell, or quality; N: taste or smell; distinctive quality
secrete
conceal; hide away or cache; produce and release a substance into an organism; CF. secretive
shard
fragment generally of broken pottery (glass, clay bowl, or cup)
solicitous
anxious; worried; concerned; eager; Ex. solicitous to do something; N. solicitude
specious
seemingly reasonable but incorrect; misleading (often intentionally)
stigma
token of disgrace; brand; V. stigmatize: mark with a stigma; characterize as disgraceful
stint
set limits in amount or number; be thrifty; ADJ. stinting, unstinting; CF. stint:savings
stolid
dull; impassive; showing little emotion when strong feelings are expected
striated
marked with parallel bands; striped; grooved; Ex. striated rocks; V. striate; N. stria: thin groove or line
substantiate
support (a claim) with evidence; establish with evidence; verify
supposition
assumption; hypothesis; surmise; V. suppose
tacit
understood (without actually being expressed); not put into words; Ex. tacit agreement
tirade
long angry denunciatory speech; diatribe; harangue; extended scolding; denunciation
torpor
lethargy; sluggishness; dormancy; ADJ. torpid: lethargic; lazy; inactive; (of an animal) dormant; hibernating
tortuous
winding; full of curves; Ex. tortuous mountain road
tractable
docile; easily managed; (of something) easily changed or molded; N. tractability
truculence
aggressiveness; ferocity; ADJ. truculent: aggressive; pugnacious; fierce
venerate
revere; treat with great respect
viscous
(of a liquid) thick and sticky; gluey; viscid; CF. consistency
vituperative
abusive; scolding; V. vituperate: berate; scold; rail against abusively
welter
confusion; turmoil; confused mass; bewildering jumble; Ex. welter of data
zealot
one who is zealous; fanatic; person who shows excessive zeal