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609 Cards in this Set

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abase
v. ~ oneself/sb lower oneself/sb in dignity; degrade oneself/sb ;
abash
to destroy the self-possession or self-confidence of:disconcert
abate
v. make or become less
abbreviate
v. ~ sth shorten (a word, phrase, etc), esp by omitting letters
abdicate
v. resign from or formally renounce the throne
aberrant
adj. not following the normal or correct way
aberration
n. deviation from what is accepted as normal or right
abet
v. ~ sb (in sth) help or encourage sb to commit an offence or do sth wrong
abeyance
n. be in abeyance; fall/go into abeyance (of a right, rule, problem, etc) be suspended temporarily; not be in force or use for a time
abhor
v. feel hatred and disgust for (sb/sth); detest
abide
v. (esp with can/could, in negative sentences or questions can/could) tolerate (sb/sth); endure; bear
abject
adj. wretched; hopeless
abjure
v. promise or swear to give up (a claim, an opinion, a belief, etc); renounce formally
ablution
n. (fml or joc ) ceremonial washing of the body, hands, sacred vessels, etc
abnegation
n. denial or renunciation (of a doctrine)
abode
n. house; home
abolish
v. end the existence of
abominable
adj. ~(fml ) causing disgust; detestable
abominate
v. feel hatred or disgust for (sth/sb); detest; loathe
aboriginal
adj. inhabiting a land from a very early period, esp before the arrival of colonists
abortive
adj. coming to nothing; unsuccessful
abrasive
adj. that scrapes or rubs sth away; rough
abridge
v. make shorter, esp by using fewer words; condense
abrogate
v. cancel, repeal or annul (sth)
abscission
The act of cutting off, as in a surgical operation.
abscond
v. ~go away suddenly and secretly, esp in order to avoid arrest
absolute
adj. complete; total
absolve
v. ~ sb (fml esp law , ) clear sb (of guilt); declare sb free (from blame, a promise, a duty, etc)
abstain
v. ~ keep oneself from doing or enjoying sth, esp from taking alcoholic drinks; refrain ;
abstemious
adj. not taking much food or drink; not self-indulgent; moderate
abstinence
n. ~ abstaining, esp from food or alcoholic drinks
abstract
adj. existing in thought or as an idea but not having a physical or practical existence
abstruse
adj. difficult to understand
abusive
adj. criticizing harshly and rudely; insulting
abut
v. ~ on/against sth (of land or a building) have a common boundary or side with sth; adjoin sth
abysmal
adj. extremely bad
abyss
n. hole so deep that it seems to have no bottom
academic
adj. of schools, colleges, etc
accede
v. ~ (fml ) take office
accelerate
v. make move faster or happen earlier; increase the speed of
accessible
adj. ~ that can be reached, used, etc
accessory
n. thing that is a useful or decorative extra but that is not essential; minor fitting or attachment
acclaim
v. welcome (sb/sth) with shouts of approval; applaud loudly
acclimate
to adapt to a new temperature, altitude, climate, environment, or situation
acclivity
n. upward slope
accolade
n. praise; approval
accommodate
v. provide lodging or room for
accomplice
n. person who helps another to do sth wicked or illegal
accord
n. peace treaty; agreement
accost
v. approach and speak to (sb) boldly
accoutre
equip
accretion
n. growth or increase by means of gradual additions
accrue
v. ~ (from sth) come as a natural increase or advantage, esp financial; accumulate
acerbity
Sourness of taste, character, or tone.
acetic
adj. of, containing, producing, or derived from acetic acid or vinegar
acidulous
adj. rather sharp or bitter in taste or manner
acknowledge
v. accept the truth of admit (sth)
acme
n. highest stage of development; point of perfection
acne
n. inflammation of the oil-glands of the skin, producing red pimples on the face and neck
acoustics
n. qualities of a room, hall, etc that make it good or bad for carrying sound
acquiesce
v. ~ (fml ) accept sth without protest; offer no opposition (to a plan, conclusion, etc)
acquittal
n. judgement that a person is not guilty of the crime with which he has been charged
acrid
adj. having a strongly bitter smell or taste
acrimonious
adj. bitter
acrophobia
"acro'phobic adjectiv
actuarial
calculating; pertaining to insurance statistics
actuary
n. expert who calculates insurance risks and premiums
actuate
v. make (a machine, an electrical device, etc) move or work; make (a process) begin , ;
acuity
n. (esp of thought or the senses) sharpness; acuteness
acumen
n. ability to understand and judge things quickly and clearly; shrewdness
acute
adj. very great; severe
adage
n. traditional saying; proverb ;
adamant
adj. firmly or stubbornly determined; unwilling to be persuaded
adapt
v. ~ sth (for sth) make sth suitable for a new use, situation, etc; modify sth
addendum
n. thing that is to be added
addiction
n. ~ condition of taking drugs, etc habitually and being unable to stop doing so without suffering adverse effects
addle
v. confuse (sth/sb); muddle
address
n. details of where a person lives, works or can be found, and where letters, etc may be delivered
adept
adj. ~ ~ (at/in doing sth) expert or skilful in (doing) sth
adhere
v. ~ (to sth) remain attached (to sth); stick (as if) by means of glue or suction
adherent
n. supporter of a party or doctrine
adjacent
having a common endpoint or border also immediately preceding or following
adjoin
v. be next or nearest to and joined with
adjourn
v. stop (a meeting, etc) for a time; postpone
adjunct
n. ~ thing that is added or attached to sth else but is less important and not essential
adjuration
solemn urging
adjutant
n. army officer responsible for administrative work in a battalion
admonish
to express warning or disapproval to especially in a gentle, earnest, or solicitous manner
adore
v. love deeply and respect (sb) highly
adorn
v. ~ sth/sb/oneself add beauty or ornament to sth/sb/oneself
adroit
adj. ~ skilful; clever
adulation
n. excessive admiration or praise; flattery
adulterate
v. make poorer in quality by adding another substance
Advent
n. the ~ of sth/sb the approach or arrival of
adventitious
adj. not planned; accidental
adversary
n. opponent in a contest; enemy
adverse
adj. not favourable; contrary
adversity
n. unfavourable conditions; trouble
advert
n. = advertisement
advocacy
n. ~ giving of support (to a cause, etc)
advocate
v. speak publicly in favour of (sth); recommend; support
aegis
n. under the aegis of sb/sth with the protection or support of sb/sth, esp a public institution
aerie
= eyrie
aesthetic
adj. concerned with beauty and the appreciation of beauty
affable
adj. polite and friendly
affected
adj. not natural or genuine; pretended; artificial
affidavit
n. written statement that can be used as evidence in court, made by sb who swears that it is true
affiliation
n. affiliating or being affiliated
affinity
n. ~ ~ (between A and B) structural resemblance or similarity of character; relationship
affirmation
n. affirming
affix
v. ~ sth (fml ) stick, fasten or attach sth
affliction
n. pain; suffering; distress
affluence
n. abundance of money, goods or property; wealth
affront
n. ~ (to sb/sth) deliberately insulting or disrespectful remark, action, etc, esp in public
afterlife
n. existence that is thought by some to follow death
agape
adj. ~ (of the mouth) wide open, esp with wonder
agenda
n. matters of business to be discussed at a meeting, etc
agglomeration
n. action of agglomerating
aggrandize
to make appear great or greater:praise highly
aggregate
v. ~ sb (fml ) be formed or bring sb into an assembled group or amount
aghast
adj. ~ filled with horror or amazement
agility
nimbleness
agitate
v. cause anxiety to (a person, his feelings, etc); disturb; excite
agnostic
n. person who believes that nothing can be known about the existence of God or of anything except material things
agog
adj. eager; excited
agrarian
adj. of land
airy
adj. having plenty of fresh air moving about; well-ventilated
alacrity
n. prompt and eager readiness
alchemy
n. medieval form of chemistry, the chief aim of which was to discover how to turn ordinary metals into gold ,
alcove
n. small space in a room, etc formed by part of the wall being set back; recess
alias
n. name by which a person is called at other times or in other places; false name
alienate
v. ~ sb cause sb to become unfriendly or indifferent; estrange sb
alimentary
adj. of food and digestion
alimony
n. allowance that a court may order a man to pay to his wife or former wife before or after a legal separation or divorce
allay
v. make (sth) less; relieve
allege
v. state (sth) as a fact but without proof; give as an argument or excuse
allegiance
n. ~ (to sb/sth) support of or loyalty to a government, ruler, cause, etc
allegory
n. story, painting or description in which the characters and events are meant as symbols of purity, truth, patience, etc ,
alleviate
v. make less severe; ease
alliteration
n. occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of two or more words in succession, as in sing a song of sixpence or as thick as thieves , sing a song of sixpence as thick as thieves
allocate
v. ~ sth allot or assign sth (to sb/sth) for a special purpose
alloy
n. metal formed of a mixture of metals or of metal and another substance
allude
v. ~ to sb/sth (fml ) mention sb/sth briefly or indirectly
allure
v. tempt or attract (sb) by the expectation of gaining sth
allusion
n. ~ indirect reference
alluvial
adj. made of sand, earth, etc left by rivers or floods, esp in a delta
alms
n. money, clothes, food, etc given to poor people
aloft
adv. up in the air; overhead
aloof
adj. ~ cool and remote in character; unconcerned
altercation
n. (act of) quarrelling or arguing noisily
altruistic
(adj.) unselfish
amalgam
n. alloy of mercury with another metal
amalgamate
v. ~ (with sb/sth) (cause people or things to) combine or unite
amass
v. gather together or collect (sth), esp in large quantities
amazon
n. tall strong athletic woman
ambidextrous
adj. able to use the left hand or the right hand equally well
ambience
n. environment; atmosphere of a place
ambiguous
adj. having more than one possible meaning
ambivalence
the state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes
amble
v. ride or walk at a slow, leisurely pace
ambrosia
n. food of the gods
ambulatory
walking
ambush
n. waiting in a hidden position to make a surprise attack
ameliorate
v. (cause sth to) become better
amenable
adj. ~ (of people) willing to be influenced or controlled (by sth)
amend
v. correct an error in (sth); make minor improvements in; change slightly
amenities
[ amenity: ] [often pl] a useful or pleasant facility or service
amiable
adj. showing and inspiring friendliness; pleasant and good-tempered
amicable
adj. showing friendliness; without hostility
amiss
adj. , adv wrong(ly); inappropriate(ly)
amity
n. friendly relationship between people or countries
amnesia
n. partial or total loss of memory
amnesty
n. general pardon, esp for offences against the State
amok
adv. run amok rush about in a wild and angry frenzy
amoral
adj. not based on moral standards; not following any moral rules ;
amorous
adj. readily showing or feeling love; relating to love
amorphous
adj. having no definite shape or form; not organized
amphibian
n. animal able to live both on land and in water
amphitheater
oval building with tiers of seats
ample
adj. enough
amplify
v. increase (sth) in size or strength
amputate
v. cut off by surgical operation
amulet
n. piece of jewellery, etc worn as a charm1(
anachronism
n. mistake of placing sth in the wrong historical period
analgesia
n. loss of ability to feel pain while still conscious
analgesic
adj. n substance that relieves pain
analogous
adj. ~ partially similar or parallel; offering an analogy
analogy
n. ~ partial similarity between two things that are compared
anarchist
n. person who believes in anarchism
anarchy
n. absence of government or control in society; lawlessness
anathema
n. detested person or thing
anathematize
declare to be evil or anathema
ancestry
n. line of ancestors
anchor
n. heavy metal device attached to a rope, chain, etc and used to moor a ship or boat to the sea-bottom or a balloon to the ground
ancillary
adj. ~ helping in a subsidiary way
anecdote
n. short, interesting or amusing story about a real person or event ,
anemia
condition in which blood lacks red corpuscles
anesthetic
= anaesthesia, anaesthetic
anguish
n. severe physical or mental pain
angular
adj. having angles or sharp corners
animadversion
n. criticism
animated
adj. lively
animosity
n. ~ ~ (between A and B) (instance of) strong dislike or of hostility
animus
n. animosity shown in speech or action
annals
n. story of events year by year; historical records
anneal
v. make tough by cooling slowly after heating
annex
v. take possession of
annihilate
v. destroy completely
annotate
v. add notes to giving explanation or comment
annuity
n. fixed sum of money paid to sb yearly, usu for the remaining part of his lifetime
annul
v. declare (sth) no longer valid; abolish; cancel
anodyne
n, adj that can relieve pain
anoint
v. ~ sb apply oil or ointment to sb (esp as a religious ceremony)
anomalous
adj. different from what is normal; irregular
anomaly
n. anomalous thing; irregularity
anonymity
n. state of being anonymous
antagonism
n~ ~ (between A and B) (instance of) active opposition or hostility, esp between two people
antagonistic
adj. ~ showing or feeling antagonism; hostile
antecede
be earlier in time; go back further
antecedents
ancestr
antediluvian
adj. of the time before Noah's Flood
anthem
n. short musical composition, usu for a choir and an organ, to be sung in religious services, often with words taken from the Bible ,
anthology
n. collection of poems or pieces of prose on the same subject or by the same writer
anthropoid
adj. man-like in form
anthropologist
n. student of or expert in anthropology
anthropomorphic
adj. treating gods, animals, etc as human in form and personality ,
anticlimax
n. disappointing end to a series of events which had seemed likely to become more interesting, exciting or impressive
antidote
n. ~ substance that acts against the effects of a poison or disease
antipathy
settled aversion or dislike:DISTASTE
antiquated
adj. (of things) out of date, obsolete ,
antique
adj. belonging to the distant past
antiquity
n. ancient times, esp before the Middle Ages
antiseptic
n. substance that prevents a wound, etc from becoming septic, esp by destroying bacteria
antithesis
n. ~ (of/to sth/sb) direct opposite
antler
n. branched horn of a stag or of some other deer
anvil
n. iron block on which a smith shapes heated metal by hammering it
apathetic
adj. showing or feeling apathy
apathy
n. ~ lack of interest, enthusiasm or concern; indifference
ape
n. any of the four primates (gorilla, chimpanzee, orang-utan, gibbon) most closely related to man .
aperture
n. narrow opening
apex
n. top or highest point
aphasia
n. partial or total loss of ability to speak or understand spoken language, caused by damage to the brain
aphorism
n. short wise saying; maxim ;
apiarist
n. person who keeps bees
apiary
n. place with a number of hives where bees are kept
apiculture
the cultivation of bees on a commercial scale for the production of honey
aplomb
n. confidence and self-control; poise
apocalyptic
adj. prophesying great and dramatic events like those in the Apocalypse
apocryphal
adj. not likely to be genuine; untrue or invented
apogee
n. position in the orbit of the moon, a planet or a satellite when it is at its greatest distance from the earth ,
apolitical
adj. not interested or involved in politics
apologist
n. person who defends a doctrine by logical argument
apoplexy
n. sudden inability to feel or move, caused by the blockage or rupture of an artery in the brain ,
apostate
n. person who renounces his former beliefs, etc
apothecary
n. person who prepares and sells medicines and medical goods
apothegm
= apophthegm
apotheosis
n. (of a human being) making or becoming a god or a sain
appall
to overcome with consternation, shock, or dismay
apparent
adj. clearly seen or understood; obvious
apparition
n. appearance, esp of sth startling, strange or unexpected ,
appease
v. make quiet or calm, usu by making concessions or by satisfying demands
appellation
n. name or title; system of naming ;
append
v. ~ sth (fml ) attach or add sth (esp in writing)
application
n. ~ (to sb) (for sth) formal request
apposite
adj. ~ (of a remark, etc) very appropriate (for a purpose or an occasion)
appraise
v. assess the value or quality of
appreciate
v. understand and enjoy (sth); value highly
apprehend
v. seize (sb); arrest
apprehensive
adj. ~ ~ (that.../for sb/sth) feeling anxiety; fearful; uneasy
apprise
v. ~ sb of sth inform sb of sth
approbation
n. approval; consent
appropriate
adj. ~ suitable; right and proper
appurtenances
[ appurtenance: ] a secondary or less significant thing or part
apropos
adv, adj appropriate or relevant to what is being said or done
aptitude
n. ~ natural ability or skill
aquiline
adj. of or like an eagle
arable
n. , adj suitable for ploughing and for growing crops
arbiter
n. ~ person who has power to decide what will be done, accepted, etc with regard to sth
arbitrary
adj. based on personal opinion or impulse, not on reason
arbitrate
v. ~ (between A and B) make a judgement about or settle (a dispute) between two parties (usu when asked by them to do so)
arboreal
adj. of or living in trees
arboretum
n. place where trees are grown for scientific study or for display
arcade
n. covered passage or area, esp one with an arched roof and shops along one or both sides
arcane
requiring secret or mysterious knowledge
arch-
comb form chief; most important
archaeology
n. study of ancient civilizations by scientific analysis of physical remains found in the ground
archaic
adj. of a much earlier or an ancient period in history
archetype
n. original or ideal model from which others are copied; prototype ;
archipelago
n. (sea surrounding a) group of many islands
archives
n. historical documents or records of a government, town, etc
ardor
extreme vigor or energy:INTENSITY
arduous
adj. needing much effort or energy; laborious
argot
n. words and phrases used by a particular group and not intended to be understood by others; cant ;
aria
n. song for one voice, esp in an opera or oratorio
arid
adj. having little or no rainfall; dry
aristocracy
n. highest social class; the nobility
armada
n. large fleet of ships
aromatic
adj. having a pleasant, distinctive smell; fragrant
arraign
v. ~ sb (law ) bring a criminal charge against sb; bring sb to court for trial
array
v. place (esp armed forces, troops, etc) in battle order
arrears
n. money that is owed and should have been paid earlier
arrhythmic
lacking rhythm or regularity
arrogance
a feeling or an impression of superiority manifested in an overbearing manner or presumptuous claims
arroyo
a brook; a creek a water-carved gully or channel
arsenal
n. place where weapons and ammunition are made or stored
artery
n. any of the tubes carrying blood from the heart to all parts of the body
artful
adj. cunningly clever at getting what one wants; crafty
articulate
adj. able to express one's ideas clearly in words
artifacts
something created by humans usually for a practical purpose; especially :an object remaining from a particular period
artifice
n. clever trickery; deception
artisan
a manually skilled worker
artless
adj. simple and natural; without deceit
ascendancy
n. ~ (position of) having dominant power or control
ascertain
v. discover (sth) so that one is certain; get to know
ascetic
adj. not allowing oneself pleasures and comforts; having or involving a very austere life
ascribe
v. ~ sth to sb/sth consider sth to be caused by, written by or belonging to sb/sth
aseptic
adj. free from bacteria that cause a thing to become septic; surgically clean
ashen
adj. like ashes in colour; very pale
asinine
adj. stupid or stubborn
askance
adv. look
askew
adj. , adv not in a straight or level position; crooked
asperity
n. harshness or severity, esp of manner
aspersion
slanderous remark
aspirant
n. ~ (fml ) person who is ambitious (for fame, promotion, success, etc)
aspiration
n. ~ ~ (to do sth) strong desire or ambition
aspire
v. ~ after/to sth desire strongly to achieve sth; have ambition for sth
assail
v. ~ sb (fml ) attack sb violently or repeatedly
assay
n. testing of esp metals for quality
assent
n. ~ (fml ) agreement; approval
assert
v. make others recognize (sth) by behaving firmly and confidently
assessment
n. action of assessing
assiduous
adj. showing constant and careful attention
assimilate
v. (cause sth to) become absorbed into the body after digestion
assuage
v. make (sth) less severe; soothe
assumption
n. thing accepted as true or as sure to happen, but not proved
assurance
n. confident belief in one's own abilities and powers
asteroid
n. any of many small planets revolving round the sun, esp between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter
astigmatism
n. defect in an eye or a lens that prevents correct focusing
astral
adj. of or from the stars
astringent
n. substance, used medically or in cosmetics, that makes skin or body tissue contract and so stops bleeding
astronomical
adj. of astronomy
astute
adj. clever and quick at seeing how to gain an advantage; shrewd
asunder
adv. into pieces; apart
asylum
n. safety; refuge
asymmetric
adj. not having parts that correspond to each other in size, shape, etc; lacking symmetry
atavism
n. reappearance in a person of a characteristic or quality that has not been seen in his family for many generations
atheistic
adj.
atone
v. ~ (fml ) act in a way that compensates for a previous wrong, error, etc
atrocity
n. great wickedness or cruelty
atrophy
n. wasting away of the body or part of it through lack of nourishment or use
attentive
adj. ~ giving attention (to sb/sth); alert and watchful
attenuate
v. make (sth/sb) thin or slender
attest
v. ~ (to) sth be or give clear proof of sth
attire
n. clothes; dress
attribute
v. ~ sth to sb/sth regard sth as belonging to, caused by or produced by sb/sth
attrition
n. process of gradually weakening sb's strength and confidence by continuous harassment
atypical
adj. not representative or characteristic of its type; not typical
audacious
adj. showing a willingness to take risks; daring; fearless
audit
n. official examination of accounts to see that they are in order
augment
v. make (sth) larger in number or size; increase
augury
omen; prophecy
august
majestic, venerable
aureole
sun's corona; halo
auroral
[ aurora: ] an atmospheric phenomenon consisting of bands, curtains, or streamers of light, usually green, red, or yellow, that move across the sky in polar regions.
auspicious
adj. showing signs of future success; favourable; promising
austere
adj. severely and strictly moral; having no pleasures or comforts
austerity
n. quality of being austere
authenticate
Rractical experience of sth
authoritarian
adj. favouring complete obedience to authority before personal freedom
authoritative
adj. having authority; that can be trusted; reliable
autocrat
n. ruler of an autocracy
autocratic
adj.
automaton
n. = robot 1
autonomous
adj. self-governing; acting independently
autopsy
n. examination of a dead body to learn the cause of death; post-mortem ()
auxiliary
adj. giving help or support; additional
avalanche
n. mass of snow, ice and rock that slides rapidly down the side of a mountain
avarice
n. greed for wealth or gain
avenge
v. take or get revenge for
aver
v. (fml ) state (sth) firmly and positively; assert ;
averse
adj. ~ to sth not liking sth; opposed to sth
aversion
n. ~ strong dislike
avert
v. ~ sth turn sth away
aviary
n. large cage or building for keeping birds in, eg in a zoo ,
avid
adj. ~ eager; greedy
avocation
secondary or minor occupation
avow
v. declare (sth) openly; admit
avuncular
adj. of or like an uncle, esp in manner
awe
n. feeling of respect combined with fear or wonder
awful
adj. extremely bad or unpleasant; terrible
awl
n. small pointed tool for making holes, esp in leather or wood
awry
adv. crookedly; out of position; askew ;
axiom
n. statement that is accepted as true without further proof or argument
azure
n. , adj bright blue, as of the sky
babble
v. talk in a way that is difficult or impossible to understand
bacchanal
n. (dated or fml ) bout of noisy, drunken merrymaking . bacchana-lian adj
bacchanalia
orgiastic rites associated with Bacchus
bacchanalian
[ bacchanalia: ] [often cap] orgiastic rites associated with Bacchus
backslide
v. lapse from good ways into one's former bad ways of living
badger
n. animal of the weasel family, grey with black and white stripes on its head, living in holes in the ground and moving about at night .
badinage
n. playful teasing; banter ;
baffle
v. be too difficult for to understand; puzzle
bait
n. food or imitation food put on a hook to catch fish or placed in nets, traps, etc to attract prey
baleful
adj. threatening evil or harm; menacing
balk
n. thick, roughly-squared wooden beam
ballast
n. heavy material placed in a ship's hold to keep it steady
balm
n. sweet-smelling oil or ointment obtained from certain types of tree, used for soothing pain or for healing ,
balmy
adj. (of air) gentle and pleasantly warm
banal
adj. commonplace; uninteresting
bandy
v. (idm ) bandy `words (with sb) (dated ) exchange words, etc, esp when quarrelling
bane
n. the bane of sb's existence/life cause of sb's ruin or trouble
bank
n. land sloping up along each side of a river or canal; ground near a river
bantering
adj. playfully teasing
bar
n. piece of solid material
barb
n. point of an arrow, a fish-hook, etc curved backwards to make it difficult to pull out .
bard
n. minstrel
barefaced
adj. impudent; shameless
bargain
n. agreement in which both or all sides promise to do sth for each other
baroque
adj. n highly ornate style fashionable in the arts (esp architecture) in Europe in the 17th and 18th centuries ,
barrage
n. barrier built across a river to store water for irrigation, prevent flooding, etc
barrister
n. lawyer who has the right to speak and argue as an advocate in higher lawcourts
barterer
[ barter: ] to trade (goods, services, etc.) in exchange for other goods, services, etc., rather than for money
base
n. lowest part of sth, esp the part on which it rests or is supported
bask
v. ~ sit or lie enjoying warmth
bastard
n. illegitimate child
bastion
n. part of a fortification that projects from the rest
bate
let down; restrain
battalion
n. army unit composed of several companies and forming part of a regiment or brigade
bauble
n. showy ornament of little value
bawdy
adj. amusing in a coarse or indecent way
bearing
n. way of standing, walking, etc; deportment
beatific
adj. showing or giving great joy and serenity; blissful
beatitude
n. great happiness; blessedness ;
bedizen
dress with vulgar finery
bedraggle
wet thoroughly
beeline
the most direct route between two places
befuddle
confuse thoroughly
beget
v. (arch ) be the father of (sb)
begrudge
v. resent or be dissatisfied with
beguile
charm (sb)
behemoth
huge creature; something of monstrous size or power
beholden
adj. ~ to sb (dated or fml ) owing thanks or indebted to sb
behoove
n. suited to ; incumbent upon
belabor
to explain or insist on excessively
belated
adj. coming very late or too late
beleaguer
v. besiege
belie
v. give a wrong or an untrue idea of (sth)
belittle
v. make seem unimportant or of little value
bellicose
adj. eager to fight; warlike; aggressive
belligerent
adj. waging war; engaged in a conflict
bemoan
v. show sorrow for or complain about (sb/sth)
bemused
adj. bewildered or confused
benediction
n. blessing, esp one said before a meal or at the end of a church service
benefactor
n. person who gives money or other help to a school, hospital, charity, etc
beneficent
adj. showing active kindness; generous; charitable
beneficial
adj. ~ having a helpful or useful effect; advantageous
beneficiary
n. person who receives sth, esp one who receives money, property, etc when sb dies
benefit
n. profit; gain; future good (used esp with the vs and preps shown)
benevolent
adj. ~ being, or wishing to be, kind, friendly and helpful
benign
adj. kindly; gentle
benison
blessing
bent
n. ~ (for sth/doing sth) natural skill (at sth); liking or inclination (for sth/doing sth)
bequeath
v. ~ sth (to sb) arrange, by making a will, to give (property, money etc) (to sb) when one dies
berate
v. scold sharply
bereaved
[ bereave: ] [usually foll by of] to deprive (of) something or someone valued, esp. through death
bereavement
n. state of being bereaved
bereft
adj. ~ (fml ) deprived of (a power or quality)
berserk
adj. wild with rage
beseech
v. ~ sb (for sth) ask sb earnestly; implore sb; entreat sb
beset
v. (fml ) surround (sb/sth) on all sides; trouble constantly; threaten
besiege
v. surround with armed forces in order to make it surrender
besmirch
v. dishonour (sb/sth); slander
bestial
adj. of or like a beast; brutish; cruel
bestow
v. ~ sth (fml ) present sth as a gift (to sb); confer
betoken
v. be a sign of (sth); indicate
betray
v. ~ sb/sth hand over or show sb/sth disloyally (to an enemy)
betroth
become engaged to marry
bevy
n. large group
beware
v. ~ (of sb/sth) be cautious (of sb/sth); take care (about sb/sth) ;
bewitch
v. put a magic spell on
bicameral
adj. having two legislative chambers
bicker
v. ~ (over/about sth) quarrel about unimportant things
bid
v. ~ (sth) (for sth); esp US ~ (sth) (on sth) offer (a price) in order to buy sth, esp at an auction
biennial
adj. happening every second year
bifurcated
[ bifurcate: ] to fork or divide into two parts or branches
bigot
n. person who holds strong beliefs and opinions, and is intolerant of anyone who disagrees
bigotry
n. bigoted attitude or behaviour
bilious
adj. caused by or suffering from too much bile
bilk
v. ~ sb of sth) avoid paying money to sb; cheat sb (out of sth)
billow
n. large wave
billowing
[ billow: ] a large sea wave
bitter
adj. having a sharp taste like aspirin or unsweetened coffee; not sweet
bivouac
n. temporary camp without tents or any other cover, esp used by soldiers or mountaineers
bizarre
adj. strange in appearance or effect; grotesque; eccentric ;
blackball
v. prevent from joining a club or group by voting against him in a ballot
blanch
v. prepare by putting briefly in boiling water; scald
bland
adj. gentle or casual in manner; showing no strong emotions; suave ;
blandishment
n. (fml ) flattering or coaxing words and actions
blare
v. ~ make a loud harsh sound like a trumpet
blasphemous
adj. showing contempt or irreverence for God and sacred things
blasphemy
n. blasphemous behaviour or language
blatant
adj. very obvious; unashamed; flagrant
bleak
adj. (of a landscape) bare; exposed; wind-swept
blemish
n. mark or stain that spoils the beauty or perfection of sb/sth
blight
n. disease that withers plants
blighted
(adj.) causing frustration or destruction
bliss
n. perfect happiness; great joy
blithe
adj. happy and carefree; casual
bloated
adj. swollen with fat, gas or liquid
blotch
n. large discoloured m
blight
n. disease that withers plants
blighted
(adj.) causing frustration or destruction
bliss
n. perfect happiness; great joy
blithe
adj. happy and carefree; casual
bloated
adj. swollen with fat, gas or liquid
blotch
n. large discoloured mark, usu irregular in shape
blowhard
a very boastful and talkative person
bludgeon
n. short thick stick with a heavy end, used as a weapon
blue
adj. having the colour of a clear sky or the sea on a sunny day
blues
[ blue: ] any of a group of colours, such as that of a clear unclouded sky, that have wavelengths in the range 490--445 nanometres. Blue is the complementary colour of yellow and with red and green forms a set of primary colours
bluff
v. try to deceive by pretending to be stronger, braver, cleverer, etc than one is
blunder
n. stupid or careless mistake
blunt
adj. without a sharp edge or a point
blurt
v. blurt sth out say sth suddenly and tactlessly
blush
v. ~ (at sth) become red in the face (because of sth)
bluster
v. blow fiercely or in strong gusts
bode
v. be a sign of (sth coming)
bog
n. wet spongy ground formed of decaying vegetation
bogus
adj. not genuine; false
Bohemian
n, adj having or displaying a very informal and unconventional way of life ,
boisterous
adj. noisy, lively and cheerful
bolster
n. long pillow, usu shaped like a roll, across the head of a bed
bolt
n. metal bar that slides into a socket to lock a door, window, etc
bombardment
n.
bombast
n. pompous and meaningless words
bombastic
adj. pompous and empty
bookish
adj. fond of reading; studious
boon
n. request or favour (used esp with the vs shown)
boor
n. rough, rude or insensitive man
boorish
adj. of or like a boor
boost
v. increase the strength or value of help or encourage (sb/sth)
botch
v. ~ sth spoil sth by poor or clumsy work; repair sth badly
bouillon
n. thin clear soup or broth; stock ;
bound
v. form the boundary of (sth); limit
bountiful
adj. giving generously
bourgeois
adj. of or relating to the property-owning middle class
bout
n. ~ short period of a specified activity
bovine
adj. of or relating to cattle
bowdlerize
expurgate
brackish
adj. slightly salty
brag
v. ~ (about/of sth) talk with too much pride (about sth); boast
braggadocio
a:empty boasting b:arrogant pretension:COCKINESS
braggart
n. person who brags
braid
n. number of threads of silk, cotton, etc woven together in a narrow band for decorating clothes and material
brand
n. particular make of goods or their trade mark
brandish
v. wave in a triumphant or threatening way; display
bravado
n. display of boldness
brave
adj. (of a person) ready to face and endure danger, pain or suffering; having no fear; courageous
brawl
n. noisy quarrel or fight
brawn
n. strong muscles; muscular strength
brawny
adj. strong and muscular
brazen
adj. shameless; insolent
breach
n. breaking or neglect
breadth
n. distance or measurement from side to side; width
breed
v. (of animals) produce young
brevity
n. shortness or briefness
bridle
n. part of a horse's harness that goes on its head, including the metal bit for the mouth, the straps and the reins
brim
n. top edge of a cup, bowl, glass, etc
brindled
adj. brown with streaks of another colour
brink
n. edge at the top of a steep high place, eg a cliff
brisk
adj. quick; active; energetic
bristle
n. short stiff hair
bristling
rising like bristles; showing irritation
brittle
adj. hard but easily broken; fragile
broach
v. make a hole in to draw off the liquid inside; open (a bottle, etc) to use the contents
brocade
n. fabric woven with a raised pattern, esp of gold or silver threads
brochure
n. booklet or pamphlet containing information about sth or advertising sth
broil
v. cook (meat) on a fire or gridiron; grill
bromide
n. chemical compound of bromine, used in medicine to calm the nerves
brooch
n. ornament with a hinged pin and clasp, worn on women's clothes ,
brood
n. all the young birds or other animals produced at one hatching or birth
brook
n. small stream
browbeat
v. ~ sb (into doing sth) frighten sb with stern looks and words; bully ; intimidate
browse
v. examine books in a casual, leisurely way
bruise
n. injury caused by a blow to the body or to a fruit, discolouring the skin but not breaking it
brunt
n. bear the brunt of sth
brusque
adj. rough and abrupt; curt
buccaneer
n. pirate
bucolic
adj. of country life or the countryside; rustic ;
buffet
n. counter where food and drink may be bought and consumed, esp in a railway station or on a train
buffoon
n. ridiculous but amusing person; clown
buffoonery
n. ridiculous behaviour; clowning ;
bugaboo
bugbear; object of baseless terror
bulge
n. rounded swelling; outward curve
bulk
n. size, quantity or volume, esp when great
bullion
n. gold or silver in bulk or bars, before it is made into coins, etc
bully
n. person who uses his strength or power to frighten or hurt weaker people
bulwark
n. wall, esp of earth, built as a defence
bump
v. ~ against/into sb/sth knock or strike sth with a dull-sounding blow; collide with sth
bungle
v. do badly or clumsily; spoil (a task) through lack of skill
buoyant
adj. (of an object) able to float
bureaucracy
n. system of government through departments managed by State officials, not by elected representatives
burgeon
v. (of a plant) put out leaves; sprout
burlesque
n. comic or exaggerated imitation; parody
burly
adj. with a strong heavy body; sturdy
burnish
v. make smooth and shiny by rubbing; polish
bust
n. sculpture of a person's head, shoulders and chest
buttress
n. support built against a wall .
buxom
adj. (of women) plump and healthy-looking; having a large bosom ;