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30 Cards in this Set

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Baroque style flourished in music during the period
1600-1750
The two giants of baroque composition were
Bach and Handel
One characteristic of Baroque music was
instrumental music became as important as vocal music
Melodic sequence refers to
the successive repetition of a melodic idea at higher or lower pitch levels
Terraced dynamics refers to
the sudden alternation from one dynamic level to another
The main keyboard instruments of the baroque period were the
harpsichord and organ
One characteristic feature of baroque music is its use of
basso continuo
The basso continuo could be covered by harpsichord and
string bass, cello, bassoon
The orchestra evolved during the baroque period into a performing group based on instrumnets of the ______________ family
violin
The word movement in music normally refers to
a piece that sounds fairly complete and independent, but is part of a larger composition
A concerto grosso most often has ________________ movements.
three
Riternello form means
alternating between soloists and tutti orchestra
A musical “ornament” consisting of the rapid alternation of two tones that are a whole or half step apart is a
trill
Often considered a cornerstone of baroque music, this polyphonic composition is based on one main theme which is developed throughout the piece of music.
fugue
The main theme of a fugue is called the
subject
When the subject of a fugue is repeated on the dominant of the scale (up a 5th), it is called the
answer
Sections of music between occurances of the main subject, usually fragments of the subject, are called
episodes
A ___________ is a single tone, usually in the bass, that is held while the other voices produce a series of changing harmonies against it.
pedal point
An _________ is a play, set to music, sung to orchestral accompaniment, with scenery, costumens, and action (blocking).
opera
The text, or book, of a musical dramatic work is called the
libretto
A song for solo voice with orchestral accompaniment is called
aria
____________ refers to a vocal line that imitates the natural rhythms of speech.
recitative
A musical number for two solo voices with orchestral accompaniment.
duet
An ________________ is an orchestral composition performed before the curtain rises on a dramatic work
overture
Embellishments are
ornamental tones not printed in the music, but performers were expected to add to the melody
A musical idea repeated over and over in the bass while melodies above it constantly change.
basso ostinato (ground bass)
The sonata in the baroque period was a composition in several movements for
from one to eight instruments
Baroque trio sonatas usually involve ___________ performers
three
Vivaldi was a famous, and influential, composer and virtuoso
violinist
Bach was recognized during his life as the most eminent ___________ of his day.
organist