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138 Cards in this Set

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accelerando (accel.)
gradually growing faster
accidental
chromatic alteration of a note from the key signature until the next bar line (can be extended by a tie)
ad libitum (ad lib) or
a placere
at pleasure, at will
a due (a 2)
for two parts
affetuoso
tenderly, with feeling
alla breve (⊄)
2/2 time, cut time
allargando
getting slower and louder
amoroso
with love, with warm feeling
animato
con anima
lively, animated, spirited
appassionato
passione
passionate, fervent
assai
much, very
a tempo
return to the original tempo
attacca
continue without a pause
bravura
great technical skill, virtuosity
brillante
sparkling, spirited
cadenza
a brilliant (often highly technical) solo, often found at the end of a movement or a peice
cadence
the close of a melodic or harmonic phrase
calmando
calmato
quieting down, subsiding
cantando
cantabile
in a singing style, lyrical
capriccioso
fanciful, freely
coda
a concluding passage added to the form proper
con
with
con brio
vigorously, with fire
con forza
powerful, loud
con fuoco
with fire, passionately
con sordino
with mute
con spirito
spiritoso
spirited, lively
crescendo
becoming louder
da capo (D.C.)
from the beginning
dal segno (D.S.)
from the sign
decrescendo (decresc.)
becoming softer
diatonic
scalewise
diminuendo (dim.)
becoming softer
divisi
divided parts where there is normally one
dolce
sweet, gentle
doppio movimento
twice as fast
double flat
lower by one full step
double sharp
raise by one full step
dynamics
the level of loudness
pianississimo (ppp)
very very soft
pianissimo (pp)
very soft
piano (p)
soft
mezzo piano (mp)
medium soft
mezzo forte (mf)
medium loud
forte (f)
loud
fortissimo (ff)
very loud
fortississimo (fff)
very very loud
e
ed
et
and
enharmonic
a different spelling of the same pitch or chord
espressivo
with feeling, with expression
etude
a study or excersize focusing on a particular musical or technical problem
fermata
a pause or hold
finale
the last movement of a multi-movement peice
fine
the end
forzando
a strong accent
giocoso
humorous, playful
giusto
exact, appropriate
glissando
a glide from one note to the next
grazioso
graceful
interval
pitch difference between two notes
key signature
sharps or flats placed at the beginning of a selection indicating its key
largemente
broadly
legato
smooth, even, without breaks between notes
l'istesso tempo
at the same tempo
loco
return to normal posistion
maestoso
with dignity
marcato
accented, stressed
marcia
march
meno
less
molto
much, very
morendo
fading away
mosso
moto
moved, motion
non
no, do not
nuance
subtle shading in style
ossia
an alternative version
pesante
weighty, ponderous
piu
more
pochissimo
as little as possible
poco a poco
little by little
pomposo
stately, majestic
quasi
almost, as if
rallentando (rall.)
becoming slower
ritardando (ritard. or rit.)
becoming slower
ritenuto (riten.)
immediately slower
rinforzando (rfz.)
a sudden accent
rubato
free use of accel. and rit. within a measure without altering the duration of the measure as a whole
sans or senza
without
scherzando
playfully
segue
continue without pausing
sempre
always, throughout
simile
in the same manner
soli
a section solo, a group of soloists
solo
a part for one performer
sonore
resounding, loud
sordino
mute
sostenuto (sost.)
sustained
stacatto
detached
subito (sub.)
suddenly, at once
tacet
be silent
tempo
rate of speed
grave
solemn and very, very slow
largo
very slow
adagio
lento
larghetto
slow
andante
moderately slow
andantino
slightly faster than andante
moderato
moderate, neither fast nor slow
allegretto
moderately fast
allegro
fast and lively
vivo
vivace
very fast and intense
presto
the fastest conventional tempo
prestissimo
as fast as possible
tenuto (ten.)
held, sustained
timbre
tone color
tranquillo
quiet, peaceful
trill (tr.)
a rapid alternation between the written note and the diatonic second above it
troppo
too much
tutti
all, with all performers
un
una
uno
one
unison
together on the same part or in octaves
major scales
are diatonic scales with half-steps between 3-4 and 5-6
Natural Minor Scales
lower the third lower the 6th
Harmonic Minor Scales
lower the third lower the 6th raise 7th
Melodic Minor Scales
lower third & raise 6th & 7th going up, on way down natural minor
no sharps or flats
C major and a minor
one flats
F major and d minor
two flats
B flat major and g minor
three flats
E flat major and c minor
four flats
A flat major and f minor
five flats
D flat major and b flat minor
six flats
G flat major and e flat minor
seven flats
C flat major and a flat minor
one sharp
G major and e minor
two sharps
D major and b minor
three sharps
A major and f sharp minor
four sharps
E major and c sharp minor
five sharps
B major and g sharp minor
six sharps
F sharp major and d sharp minor
seven sharps
C sharp major and a sharp minor