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131 Cards in this Set

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abaisee
the action of lowering the heels to the floor with a straight leg(s)
adagio or adage
in class this term applies to a series of slow, sustained exercise movements designed to develop grace, sense of line and balance. On stage this refers to the first part of a classical pas de duex danced by the ballerina and her partner.
a la seconde
any movement performed in or through second position
allegro
a series of light brisk movements with a fast tempo such as jumps, leaps, turns, and/or turning jumps
aplomb
the complete control of the body and feet in a vertical plane during all movements--the ability to hold oneself in balance.
arabesque
a traditional ballet pose in which the dancer stands on one leg with the other extended fourth derriere. Extended port de bras may vary as follows:
first-the opposite arm is forward from the leg raised in back.
second-the same arm is forward as the leg raised in back
artistic director
the person responsible for the company and all elements relating to a performance. After he or she has collaborated with experts relating to a performance.
assemble
assembled. Any jump springing from one foot and landing on two feet.
petit assemble simply springs from one foot and assembles the two feet together at least by the time they reach the floor.
a jump in which one foot brushes out with a battement degage, springs from the standing leg and then both legs join before descending and landing in fifth position.
a terre or par terre
this adjective describes movement or steps which do not require jumping--those performed on the floor, as opposed to "in the air" (en l'air)
it can also modify a pose wherein the leg which is ordinarily lifted, remains on the floor.
attitude
a position wherein one leg is raised with the knee bent, either fourth devant, a la seconde, or fourth derriere
balance
a rocked step which is usually performed in 3/4 time with the foot pattern to the side, back and then front.
Tombe style: this version prepares from fifth position en rise, opens on leg to a tombe, the other leg piques under the balance line, and follows with a coupe
Jete style: this version prepares from demi-plie with the first movement being a degage, then traveling to a tombe, the other leg piques under the balance line, and follows with a coupe
ballerina
the principle female dancer in a ballet company. in a company of several ballerinas, the star is usually classified as the prima ballerina. The highest post, one that is rarely granted, is prima ballerina assoluta, awarded to such dancers as Evdokimova, Fonteyn, Makarova, Plisetskaya and Ulanova
ballet
from Italian ballare--to dance. An artistic form of theatrical dance with a tradition of classical technique, expressing a dramatic or abstract idea in conjunction with music, drama, art and literature
ballet master or mistress, aka Maire or Maitresse de Ballet
the title to designate the person in a ballet company responsible for the training of the dancers and the conducting of rehearsals
ouvert
open
balletomane
an enthusiastic ballet fan
ballon
the ability of a dancer to appear to remain elevated during a jump
also the elasticity in jumping and landing
barre
a hand-rail which is intended to aid the dancers balance during exercises
battement
the basic action of the leg opening and closing, returning with a beat. There are many varieties of battement.
battement battu
the gesture foot is fully pointed, rapidly beating against the supporting leg in any o fth ethree cou-de-pied positions or under the releve supporting arch
battement degege
disengaged, a brush which extends the leg with pointed toes so that the toes are approximately two inches off the floor
battement glisse
glided, a brush which extends the leg with pointed toes so that the toes are approximately two inches off the floor
battement jete
thrown, a brush which extends the leg with pointed toes so that the toes are approximately two inches off the floor
battement developpe
the gradual unfolding of the leg from fifth position through cou-de-pied, to passe, to an attitude position and finally to the full extension. The leg remains extended during the controlled lowering to the close
battement en cloche
this movement is similar to the swinging of a bell. it is a battement with either an attitude or an extended leg, executed from devant, through first position to derriere and in reverse
battement envelope
enveloped. the opposite of developpe wherein one leg opens with a battement lent, folds to passe, and then traces down the supporting leg to close in fifth position
battement fondu
melted. the action of both legs bending simultaneously, where one foot places in cou-de-pied or coupe position, followed by both legs extending simultaneously. the working leg may extend a terre or en l'air in varying degrees in either fourth or second position.
battement frappe
struck. the working leg begins in cou-de-pied position, the ball of the foot brushes out to a pointed position with the knee extended and then the foot and leg return to the closed position. This can be performed with a double beat as well as a single and will vary according to method
grand battement or
grand battement jete
one leg throws off the floor as high as possible, extending through the tendu then controlling the return to a closed position
petit battement
the working leg beats with a slight opening toward second from cou-de-pied devant or basic cou-de-pied, to the derriere, and vice versa, keeping the thigh and knee still in a turned-out position. It can be accented as single, double, triple or in a continuous series
battement lent
a very slow grand battement
battement serre
serrated or jagged. a battement tendu or degage, which could be performed in plie during the opening of the working leg, that extends the supporting leg and/or eleves the supporting heel during the close
battement
the working leg extends and the foot brushes out with the tip of the toes remaining in contact with the floor followed by a closing to the supporting leg in either first, third or fifth position
bourree
this movement consists of small quick steps performed in a releve fifth position
bras bas
arms low
centre practice
a group of exercises and combinations performed away from the barre
chaines
continuous turns performed by stepping from the pointe or demi-pointe of one foot to the other, in equal time with both legs straight, like the pattern of identical links in a chain
change
indicating that the movement changes the front foot to the other
changement
a jump changing feet from devant or derriere on each return to the floor. this step springs from two feet third or fifth position and lands on two feet third or fifth position changing the feet
character dance
a study of a special technique in the art of ballet which enables the dancer to perform outside the classical relm. The rhythms and movements resembling ethnic dances of various nations are studied and displayed. this special technique is not to be confused with authentic ethnographic dance.
more specifically, a dance founded on any traditional national dance form
chasse
a connective step of elevation with one foot chasing the other. it can begin with either a glisse or a tombe, then squeezes to a soubresaut and ends with coupe
choreographer
a composer of dances and ballets
choreography
the art of composing or combining dances to form a ballet
all dances in a ballet or other dance production
corps de ballet
the ensemble or the group of dancers (non soloists) in a ballet company
cou-de-pied
the position of one foot placed on the neck of the other foot--the ankle
devant: the outside surface of the little toe places on the large ankle bone of the outwardly rotated supporting leg
derriere: the inside surface or the back of the heel places just below the outside of the calf on the outwardly rotated supporting leg
basic: the working foot wraps around the achilles tendon of the supporting leg in a beveled point. See also sur le cou-de-pied
coupe
a step transferring the weight from one foot to the other without shifting balance. one foot cuts the other away or replaces it.
some teachers also use it as a position with the pointed foot placed where it cuts the ankle, mid shin or mid calf of the supporting leg
couru
running
any runs
continuous bourrees in a neutral position with the knees slightly bent
croise
a body direction in a diagonal fourth or fifth position with the legs always crossed. the right leg is in front when facing the left corner, and vice versa.
danseur
a male dancer in a balle company
danseur noble is a classical male dancer
premiere danseur is the lead male dancer
danseuse
a female dancer in a company
de cote
movement traveling to the side
demi
half or part of a movement or position; as in demi-plie, demi-pointe, or demi-seconde
demi-plie
a partial bending of the knees with the heels remaining on the floor. this is one of the most important movements in ballet
derriere
back or beginning with the back foot
detourne
a pivot on both pointes or demi pointes toward the back foot, fifth position. at the conclusion it reverses the front foot from its starting position
devant
front or beginning with the front foot
ecarte
separated, or thrown wide apart. a body direction in a diagonal first or second position. this can also be a diagonal arm position
efface
shaded. a body direction in a diagonal fourth or fifth position wherein the legs are open to the audience--opposite of croise. in efface alignment the right leg is front when facing the right corner and vice versa
echappe
a movement escaping the feet from first or fifth position opening to a second or fourth, either with releve or saute
elevation
the ability to attain height in jumps. it refers to the distance from the dancer's toe to the floor in springing steps
eleve
rising from the flat foot to demi or full point without the aid of plie
en arriere
traveling in a backward direction
en avant
traveling in a forward direction
en arriere
traveling in a backward direction
en avant
traveling in a forward direction
enchainement
linking. a chain or combination of steps arranged to fit a phrase of music corresponding to a sentence in speech
en croix
crosswise. indicating a movement is to be executed in a cross pattern
en dedans
the working leg or arm moves in an inward motion toward the front of the body. this term also applies to turns that pivot the direction of the supporting leg
en dehors
the working leg or arm moves in an outward motion away from the front of the body. this term also applies to turns that pivot the direction of the lifted leg
en face
a body direction in which the body faces directly forward and flat to the audience
en haut
high
en l'air
movements performed in the air, or off the ground, as opposed to a terre
en tournant
turning, as in pique en tournant or soutenu en tournant
entrechat
interweaving. a jump in which the dancer crosses his or her legs several times in the air. variations in numbering count each crossing as two beats, one for each leg, or one for each position the legs move through
trois-3
quatre-4
cinq-5
six-6
sept-7
huit-8
neuf-9
dix-10
odd numbers land on one foot, even numbers land on two feet.
entrechat royale is an embellished changement, wiht a beat before the change--also called changement battu
epaulement
shouldering. a term used to indicate a particular placing of the shoulder in relation to the body
extension
the ability of a dancer to lift and hold his or her leg in the air. the extension heights for en l'air exercises are
full hight = 90 degrees , level with the hip joint or higher
half height = 45 degrees
quarter height = 22 degrees
ferme
closed
foutette rond de jambe en tournant
a virtuoso grande pirouette for the female soloist in which the raised leg extends fourth devant, opens to second, and snaps to passe or retire devant position for the releve ivot
glissade
a gliding step. a connective step beginning and ending in first, third or fifth position demi-plie with both legs extending in between
glisse
a bent knee movement in which the whole foot glides or slides along the floor
grande
big, large
grand plie
a deep knee bend with the heels coming off the floor (except in 2nd and open 4th positions) and the legs are turned out
jete
a thrown step. a form of jump springing from one leg and landing on the other.
petit jete is a simple jump from one foot to the other, without a brush, landing in a cou-de-pied or coupe position
regular jete is composed of a battement degage, a spring from the standing foot and landing on the other foot with the pushing leg coming into a cou-de-pied or coupe position
grand jete, a large leap, extending legs to their maximum as in the splits
pas
step
pas de basque
step of Basque. the foot pattern of this step is most commonly side, front and back. There are several variations ranging from country folk style to classical
pas de bourre
a step of the Bourree, which was a pre-classical dance form. Bourree means stuffed. It has evolved into a small connective step in current classical ballet training
pas de bourree change, the foot pattern is most commonly back, side and front. the first and second steps are demi-pointe with straight legs, the third is a coupe or fifth position in demi-plie
pas de chat
a spring or jump from third or fifth position where one foot tucks to the other with bent knees, the feet close to each other while in the air. it lands on one foot just before the other returns.
pas de cheval
horse-like step. pawing the floor from either a closed (third or fifth position) or an open extension (fourth or second). the foot lifts through cou-de-pied, extends to a small developpe to a tendu position, and closes to fifth
pas de deux
step or dance for two, usually a man and a woman
in classical ballet, a choreographic poem in three parts: adagio, variations, coda
a grand pas de deux has five parts: entree, adagio, two variations, coda
pas de trois
step or dance for three
pas de quatre
step or dance for four
passe
a position or movement, pasing through or moving from one position to another, wherein the working leg is bent at the knee, turned out, with the tips of the toes touching the supporting leg, most commonly at knee height.
passe par terre is defined as passing on the floor through first position from tendu devant to derriere and vice versa
petit
small, little
pique
pricked. this involves the transferring of weight from one foot onto the demi-pointe of the other foot while maintaining a straight leg. the lifted leg can be in any one of a number of positions, the directions can vary, and ique can also be performed turning. this is not to be confused with battement pique
plie
bending the knees while the legs are well turned out with weight equally distributed
pointe
the toe
por de bras
carriage or movement of the arms. a generic term for a group of exercises designed to train the arms to move gracefully and harmoniously
port de corps
carriage or movement of the body. movement of the body in any direction. when performed with circular port de bras it is also referred to as grand port de bras. unlike cambre, it can move forward from the waist and usually does not counterbalance with hip displacement
pose
poised. a movement held or posed according to the Cecchetti method.
this is the same as pique in other methods
arm positions
premier: first position. the arms are circled in front of the body, with the little fingers the height of the lower ribs. same as cecchetti middle fifth
seconde: second position. the arms are extended wide to the side with a slope from the shoulders downward and a slight forward curve, with the little finger tips at the height of the lower ribs
troisieme: in the third position
Quatrieme: in the fourth position
Cinquieme: in the fifth position. this position can be a low oval shape, with the hands in front of the thighs, or high, forming and oval fram around the head
bras bas: a preparatory of finished postion
demi-second: half the usual height of second postion, halfway between bras bas and second
positions des pieds
first: legs rotated outward with the heels touching
seconde: legs rotated outward, directly across from each other wiht about 12 inches or a foot length between the heels
third: legs rotated out, with one heel placed in the instep of the other
fourth: legs rotated out, with one foot in front of the other, spaced about 6-8 inches apart
fifth: legs rotated out, one foot directly in front of the other, with the front heel crossed to the big toe
promenade
a slow turn of the body by pivotin ghte heel around the ball of the base foot in an adagio movement
when the partner circles the ballerina as he slowly turns her in a pose
releve
lifted. a movement springing to demi-pointe from demie-plie. this step may or may not displace by snapping the demi-pointe under the center of balance
retire
withdrawn. a position where the working leg replcaces the toe as in passe either in front, or to the side of the knee of the supporting leg. if the movement carries to a new position, it's called passe
reverence
a bow or courtesy as a final respectful compliment in class
rond de jambe
a terre: working leg inscribes a half circle: devant, a la second, derrieer, first (endehors); or derriere, a la second, devant, first (en dedans)
rond de jambe en l'air
inscribes a subtle arc in second position. the thigh is held immobile in a la second while the lower leg folds into passe, the shapes en dehors by pressing the working heel forward of the working knee as it extends a la seconde, en dedans retraces the same arc inward from a la seconde to passe--opposite from en dehors
grand rond de jambe en l'air
advanced exercise which utilizes the swivel hip-joint to its maximum. it can be performed in many varieties combining attitude or the extended leg, with or without passe
grand rond de jambe a terre en fondu
a rond de jambe a terre performed with the base leg in demi-plie
saute
a general term which refers to a jump that starts and ends in a demi-plie with the legs and feet extended in the air
sickled foot
a foot shaped like a sickle--bad for ballet
sissonne
any jump springing from both feet, and landing on one leg
sissonne ordinaire or petit sissonne
springs from both feet, sustaining that same beginning position in the air, and lands on one leg, with the other foot in cou-de-pied or coupe position
sissone ferme
extends both legs open and places the second leg in fifth position soon after landing
sissone ouvert
extends both legs open and landson one leg while sustaining the other leg in the open position
soubresaut
sudden jump. a jump starting, sustaining and ending in fifth position. the legs do not change places but are pressed closely together with each jump traveling slightly forward
soubresaut
sudden jump, a jump starting, sustaining and ending in fifth position. the legs do not change places but are pressed closely together with each jump traveling slightly forward
sous-sus
a displaced releve in fifth demi or full pointe, drawing the legs closely together
soutenou
sustained. this term describes turns or jumps performed in fifth position
spotting
a term used when the dancer focuses his/her eyes on one spot during a series of turns to avoid dizziness
sur le cou-de-pied
on the neck of the foot
sur place
in place
temps
time. this is the part of a step or movement in which there is no transfer of weight
temps leve
a saute in an position springing from one foot and landing on the same foot
temps lie
connected movement. there are several styles; however, it always involves weight transfers alternating croise fourth and second positions
terre a terre
this term describes traveling steps performed on the ground, or to indicate that the feet stay close to the floor
tombe
a fall, shifting the weight from one foot to the other. it is performed from an extension, usually en rise (en eleve), to a position in demi-plie
tour en l'air
a turn in the air
turn out
the ability to rotate the thighs from the hip joints. it's an aesthetic concept which greatly enhances the beauty of line and neatness of movement. it is a technical anatomical necessity for every dancer in order to increase his or her range of movement
tutu
the traditional ballet skirt
classical tutus are shorter in length with the net ruffles exposing the maximum leg line
romantic tutus are mid-calf to ankle length
understudy
one who learns the role of another so he can execute the role in case of an emergency