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19 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Digit Span
Number of digits sequentially read out that can be recalled in correct order.
Working Memory Span
Memory span task which requires simultaneous storage and processing.
Chunking
The process of combining a number of items into a single chunk typically on the basis of LTM.
The Peterson Task
Short-term forgetting task with a delay filled by a mask before subsequent recall.
Free Recall
Direct/Explicit: Memory test which requires un-ordered recall of items.
Primacy Effect
A tendency for the FIRST few items in a list to be well recalled (rehearsal theory).
Recency Effect
A tendency for the LAST few items in a list to be well recalled.
Long-term Recency
A tendency for the last few items to be well recalled under conditions of long-term memory.
Phonological Loop
Baddeley and Hitch: The temporary storage of verbal information (memory span).
Phonological Similarity Effect
Phonological Loop: When words are similar in sound memory span decreases.
Articulatory Suppression
Phonological Loop: Disrupts verbal rehearsal by requiring participant to continually repeat a spoken item.
Word Length Effect
A tendency for memory span to decrease with longer words.
Nonsense Syllables
Meaningless consonant-vowel-consonant items meant to avoid the complicating of meaning.
Irrelevant Sound Effect
Phonological Loop: Impaired by concurrent fluctuating sounds, including speech or music.
Double-dissociation
When two patients show opposite patterns of deficit, e.g. normal STM/impaired LTM, and normal LTM/impaired STM.
Corsi block tapping
Visuo-spatial STM: Tester taps in a sequence of blocks and patient attempts to copy.
Visuo-spatial STM
The short retention of visual and/or spatial information.
Spatial Memory Distinction
Visuo-spatial STM: The 'where' information.
Object Memory Distinction
Visuo-spatial STM: The 'what' information.