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66 Cards in this Set

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PROKARYOTE


1
ONE CIRCULAR CHROMOSOME
NO ORGANELLES
PEPTIDOGLYCAN CELL WALLS
BINARY FISSION
EUKARYOTE


2
PAIRED CHROMOSOMES
ORGANELLES
POLYSACCHARIDE CELL WALLS
MITOTIC SPINDLE
COCCUS

BACILLUS
3
ROUND SHAPED

ROD SHAPED
DIPOLOCCI

COCCOBACILLI
4
TWO CIRCLES TOGETHER

NOT QUITE ROUND OR ROD SHAPED
VIBRIOS

SPIRILLA
5
CURVED ROD SHAPED

SPIRAL SHAPED
SPIROCHETES

STAPHYLOCCI
6
SPIRAL SHAPED

CLUSTERS
STREPTOCOCCI

STREPTOBACILLI
7
BOTH ARE CHAIN SHAPED
GLYCOCALYX


8
OUTSIDE CELL WALL, USUALLY STICKY, EXTRACELLULAR POLYSACCHARIDE ALLOW CELL TO ATTACH, CAPSULES PREVENT PHAGOCYTOSIS
FLAGELLA


9
OUTSIDE CELL WALL, MADE OF CHAINS OF FLAGELLIN, ATTACH TO PROTEIN HOOK, ANCHOR TO THE WALL BY BASAL BODY
TAXIS


10
WHEN A CELL MOVES TOWARDS OR AWAY FROM STIMULI
PILI


11
TRANSFERS DNA FROM ONE CELL TO ANOTHER CELL
CELL WALL


12
PREVENTS OSMOTIC LYSIS
MADE OF PEPTIDOGLYCAN
( IN BACTERIA)
GRAM- POSITIVE
DESCRIPTION

13
THICK CELL WALLS OF PEPTIDOGGLYCAN
GRAM- NEGATIVE
DESCRIPTION

14
OUTER MEMBRANE
THIN PEPTIDOGLYCAN LAYER
INNER MEMBRANE
GRAM- NEGATIVE
OUTER MEMBRANE

5
LIPOPOLYSACCHARIDES,
LIPOPROTEINS,PHOSHOLIPIDS
FORMS THE PERIPLASM BETWEEN OUTER MEMBRANE AND PLASMA MEMBRANE
PROTECTION FROM PHAGOCYTES, COMPLEMENT, ANTIBIOTICS
OUTER MEMBRANE CONTAINS TOXINS
PORINS FORM CHANNELS THROUGH MEMBRANE
GRAM STAIN MECHANISM


16
CRYSTAL VIOLET- IODINE CRYSTALS FORM IN CELL
GRAM-POSITIVE AND GRAM NEGATIVE STAGES
DAMAGE TO CELL WALLS


17
PENICILLIN INHIBITS PEPTIDE BRIDGES IN PEPTIDOGLYCAN
PLASMA MEMBRANE


18
DAMAGE TO THE MEMBRANE BY ALCHOLS, QUTERNARY AMMONIUM AND POLYMYXIN ANTIBIOTICS CAUSE LEAKAGE OF CELL CONTENTS
VEGATATIVE STATE


19
ACTIVE AND GROWING
PROPIONIBACTERIUM
ACNES

20
ACNE
PART OF NORMAL FLORA-CAUSES ACNE
RELEASES MANY ENZYMES (COLLAGEN,KERATIN) INCREASES INFLAMMATORY RESPONSE
STAPHYLOCCUS AUREUS
GRAM-POSITIVE

21
IMPETIGO,SCALDED SKIN SYNDROME, FOLLICULITIS, CELLULITIS, NECROTIZING FASCIITIS
VERY STRONG SPECIES
RELEASES TOXINS, BREAKS DOWN CONNECTION BETWEEN CELLS
STREPTOCOCCUS PTOGENES
GRAM-POSITIVE

22
IMPETIGO,NECROTIZING FASCIITIS, CELLULITUS
CLOSTRIDIUM PERFRINGES


23
GAS GANGRENE-CAUSED BY PERFRINGES
CLOSTRIDIUM- FORMS ENDOSPORES
ANAEROBIC- DEEP WOUNDS( LIKES LOW OXYGEN)
SOMETIMES LIMITS ITSELF TO SITE OF INJURY
MYCOBACTERIUM LEPRAE
ACID-FAST

24
LEPROSY-HANSEN'S DISEASE
2 FORMS: TUBERCULOID-SUPERFISCAL
LEPROMATOUS-MORE SEVERE
BOTH CAN BE TREATED EASILY WITH DRUGS
BACILLUS ANTHRACIS


25
CUTANEOUS ANTHAX- SKIN
ENDOSPORES
WITH NO tx-20% MORTALITY
NEISSERIA GONORRHOEAE
DIPLOCCI

26
NEONATALCONJUNCTIVIS
GENTIAL INFECTION IN MOTHER
NEWBORNS GIVEN OCULAR ANTIBIOTICS
NEISSERIA MENINGITIDES
DIPLOCCI

27
MENINGITIS
CAN CAUSE VASCULAR COLLAPSE
CLOSE CONTACT NEEDED TO TRANSMIT
BEING ab tx IMMEDIATLY, PROPHYLACTIC ab
MACROPHAGE


28
A WHITE BLOOD CELL DERIVED FROM A MONOCYTE THAT LEAVES CIRCULATION AND ENTERS THE TISSUE
PHAGOCYTOSIS


29
A TYPE OF ENDOCYTOSIS IN WHICH CELL MEMBRANE ACTIVELY ENGULF LARGE PARTICULES OR CELLS
PEPTIDOGLYCAN


30
A NETWORK OF POLYSACCHRIDE CHAINS CROSS-LINKED BY SHORT PEPTIDES THAT FORM RIGID PARTS OF A BACTERIA CELL WALL
FIMBRAE


31
SHORT, NUMEROUS APPENDAGES ON BACTERIA THAT ALLOW ATTACHMENT
ENDOSYMBIOTIC


32
REALTIONSHIP IN WHICH MICROBOES RESIDE WITHIN A HOST CELL AND BENEFITS THE HOST CELL
STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIAE


33
MENINGITIS- CAUSES BACTERIAL PNEUMONIA aka- PNEUMOCOCCAL PNEUMONIA- NORMAL FLORA
CHAINS OF ROUND SPHERES
LISTERIA MONOCYTOGENES


34
MENINGITIS
CAUSES PROBELMS IN FETUS IN PREGNANT WOMEN
CONTAMINATED DAIRY-LUNCHMEAT
HAEMOPHILUS INFLUENZAE


35
MENINGITIS
ONCE THOUGHT TO CAUSE THE FLU
CLOSTRIDUM TETANI


36
TETANUS-"LOCK JAW"
FORMS SPORES, ANAROBIC
THERE IS A VACCINE
CLOSTRIDIUM BOTULINUM


37
BOTULISM- FROM FOOD BORNE HOME PROCESSED FOODS
FORMS ENDOSPORES
ANAREOBIC
PEVENTS RELEASE OF NEUROTRANSMITTERS( boTOX)
ENDOCARDITIS


36
STAPH AUREUS, STREP PYOGENES, STREP PNEUMONIAE, STEP MUTANS- DENTAL BACTERIA
TREATED WITH PROPHYLACTIC ab
YERSINIA PESTIS


37
THE PLAGUE- BLACK DEATH
PNEUMONIC PLAGUE-RESPIRATORY
BUBONIC- LYMPH( MOST DEADLY)
TRANSMITTED BY FLEAS
BORRELIA BURGDORFERI


38
CAUSES LYME DIEASE
TRANSMITTED BY TICKS
BULL'S EYE RASH
CAN AFFECT DOGS
BARTONELLA HENSELAE


39
CAT SCARTCH FEVER
BACTERIA ON CATS
SWELLING LYMPHS NEAR BITE SITE
RICKETSIA RICKETSII


40
ROCKY MOUNTAIN SPOTTED FEVER
TRANSMITTED BY TICKS
CAN CAUSE HEMORRAGHE- NEED TX IMMEDIATELY
STREPTOCOCCUS PNEMONIAE


41
CAUSES OTIS MEDIA ( EAR INFECTION, PNEUMONIA
MOST COMMON CAUSE OF OTIS MEDIA
HAEMPHILUS INFLUENZAE


42
CAUSES OTIS MEDIA
USUALLY SECONDARY TO URI
NEEDS CERTAIN BLOOD GROWTH FACTORS TO GROW
STREPTOCOCCOUS PYOGENES


43
CAUSES STREP THROAT
UNTREATED LEADS TO SCARLET FEVER, RHEUMATIC FEVER, KINDEY FAILURE
CORNEBACTERIUM DIPHTHERIAE


44
CAUSES DIPTHERIA
VACCINE IS AVAILBLE
CAUSES FEVER, ETC.
BORDETELLA PERTUSIS


45
WHOOPING COUGH
DAMAGES THE CILIA
HIGHLY CONTAGIOUS- PROPHYLACTIC TX IS PRESENT
MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS


46
CAUSES TUBERCULOSIS
RE-EMERGING THREAT
TUBERCLES CAN REMAIN DORMANT
TX LAST 9 MONS OR MORE
MULTI DRUG RESISTANT
LEGIONELLA PNEUMOPHILIA


47
LEGIONAIERS DISEASE
PNEUMONIA
200 LEGIONERS AT A CONFERENCE 29 DIED
MYCOPLASMA PNEUMONIAE


48
CAUSES PNEUMONIA
ATTACH AND DESTORY CILIA
AKA- WALKING PNEUMONIA
LACKS A CELL WALL
STREPTOCOCCUS MUTANS


49
CAUSES CAVITIES- LIKES SUGAR
HELICOBACTER PYLORI

50
CAUSES GASTRIC ULCERS
ANTIBIOTICS WORK
NOT ALL ULCERS CAUSED BY THIS BACERTIA
SALMONELLA


51
SEVERE DIARRHEA
MEAT, MILK( ESPECIALLY CHICKEN 1-3 CHICKENS
SHIGELLA


52
BLOODY DIARRHEA, VOMITING
AFFECTS THE LARGE INTESTINES
FECAL-ORAL ROUTE
ESCHRICHIA COLI
E-COLI

53
DIARRHEA PLUS HEMOLYTIC SYNDROME- MASSIVE TOXINS RELEASED
HEAT WILL KILL THIS BACTERIA
FOUND IN RAW MEAT
CAMPYLOBACTER JEJUNI


54
DIARRHEA- MOST COMMON CAUSE FOR DIARRHEA
CAN LAST TWO WEEKS
VIBRIO CHOLERA


55
CHOLERA-CURVED SHAPED ROD
WATERY DIARRHEA( RICE WATER STOOLS) CAN LOSE ILITER PER HR
55% MORALITY RATE IF UNTREATED
CLOSTRIDIUM DIFFICILE


110
SEVERE DIARRHEA-OFTEN CAUSED BY AB'S SUPPRESSING OTHER BACTERIA-PERFORATION OF COLON WITHOUT TX-DANGEROUS IN HOSPITALS
STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS


111
NAUSEA, VOMITING, DIARRHEA-LOVES SALT
COMMON IN UNREFRIGERATED FOOD
RELEASES TOXINS IN FOOD- RE-HEATING WILL NOT KILL
ESCHERICHIA COLI


112
FROM GI TRACT: CLOUDY URINE, BURNING PAIN, FEVER: FIMBRIA
PROTEUS MIRABILIS


113
UTI PLUS KIDNEY STONES
LETPTOSPIRA INTERROGANS


114
LEPTOSPIROSIS
PRESENT IN ANIMALS URIN TRACT
APPEARS IN BLOOD AND CSF
FEVER, CHILLS, CAN CAUSE DEATH
GARDENERELLA


116
VAGINOSIS- FISHY ODOR, DISCHARGE, ITCHING
MAY BE ASYMPTOMIC
BAD BACTERIA OVERGROWTH
CAN LEAD TO PID, LOW BIRTH WEIGHT
NEISSERIA GONORRHEA


117
GONORRHEA
MALE-PAINFUL URINATION, YELLOW DISCHARGE
FEMALE- VAGINAL DISCHARGE, PID
MANY FORMS ARE RESISTANT TO PENICILLIN
CAN INFECT NEWBORNS EYES
CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS


113
CHLAMYDIA
MAY BE ASYMPTOMATIC
PID, PAINFUL URINATION
TREPONEMA PALLADIUM


114
SYPHILIS-SPIROCHETE FORM
PRIMARY-HARD LESIONS
SECONDARY- ALL OVER RASH
TERTIARY- DEMENTIA
CAN CROSS THE PLACENTA
AB'S CAN TREAT, ESPECIALLY EARLY