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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Define 'species'
A species is a group of organisms with similar characteristics, which can interbreed and produce fertile offspring.
Every species is classified into a genus
Why classify organisms?
1. species identification
2. predictive value
3. evolutionary links
What term is used to call the 'naming of species'?
Nomenclature
Outline the binomial system of nomenclature
1. first name is genus name
2. genus name is written with upper case first letter
3. second name is species name
4. species name written with lowercase first letter
5. italics used when name is printed
6. name is underlined if handwritten
What are the five kingdoms of classification?
prokaryotae, protoctista, fungi, plantae, and animalia
Name Classification from species to kingdom
species
genus
family
order
class
phylum
kingdom
Cetacea and Pinales are examples of what stage in the hierarchy?
Order
Coniferophyta and Chordata are examples of what stage in the hierarchy?
Phylum
What are four factors for constructing a dichotomous key to identify an organism?
1. there are numbered stages
2. each stage has alternative characteristics
3. some alternatives give a next key stage to go to
4. some alternative give the identification
Give four examples of what consists of the Plantae kingdom
mosses, ferns, conifers, and flowering plants