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31 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Know and define the two major Federal Labor Statutes that emerged during the Great Depression.
Norris-LaGuardia Act – Act stipulated that it is legal for employees to organize.

National Labor Relations Act – NLRA – establishes the right of employees to form, join, and assist labor organizations; to bargain collectively with employees; and to engage in concerted activity to promote these rights.
Define collective bargaining and collective bargaining agreement.
Collective Bargaining – The act of negotiating contract terms between an employer and the members of a union.

Collective Bargaining Agreement – The resulting contract from a collective bargaining procedure.
What are some of the subjects of collective bargaining?
Compulsory Subjects – Wages, hours, fringe benefits, health benefits, retirement plans, work assignments, safety rules, and other terms and conditions of employment.

Illegal Subjects – closed shops and discrimination

Permissive Subjects – Neither compulsory nor illegal – size & composition of supervisory force, location of plants, and corporate reorganizations. Must be agreed upon by both parites.
Describe and define the three types of union security agreements.
Union shop – An establishment where an employee must join the union within a certain number of days after being hired.

Agency Shop – An establishment where an employee does not have to join the union but must pay a fee equal to the union dues.

Check-Off Provisions - Requires employees to deduct union and agency dues from employee's wages and remit these payments to the union.
What is the difference between a strike and picketing?
Strike – A cessation of work by union members in order to obtain economic benefits or correct an unfair labor practice.

Picketing – The action of strikers walking in front of the employer’s premises carrying signs announcing their strike.
When is picketing illegal?
When it is accompanied by violence
When it obstructs customers from entering the employers place of business
When it prevents non-striking employees from entering the employer’s premises
When it prevents pickups and deliveries at the employer’s place of business
Define and know examples for workers compensation
Worker’s Compensation Acts – Acts that compensate the worker and their families if they are injured in connection with their jobs.
What does OSHA stand for? And what does it do?
Occupational Safety and Health Administration – A federal act enacted in 1970 that promotes safety in the workplace.
What is the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA)?
A federal act enacted in 1938 to protect workers; prohibits child labor, equal pay for men and women, and establishes minimum wage and overtime pay requirements.
Know the minimum wage and overtime pay requirements.
Minimum wage is $5.15 an hour. An employer may reduce minimum wage by an amount equal to reasonable cost of food and lodging provided. Students and apprentices may be paid less.

Overtime is 1.5 times their regular pay for each hour worked in excess of 40 hours per week.
What is the National Labor Relations Board?
A federal administrative agency that oversees union elections, prevents employers and unions from engaging in illegal and unfair labor practices, and enforces and interprets certain federal labor laws,
What is section 7 of the NLRA?
A law that gives employees the right to join together and form a union.
What is an appropriate bargaining unit?
The group that a union seeks to represent.
What is the inaccessibility exception?
A rule that permits employees and union officials to engage in union solicitation on company property if the employees are beyond reach of reasonable union efforts to communicate with them.
What is section 8(a) of the NLRA?
A law that makes it an unfair labor practice for an employer to interfere with, coerce, or restrain employees from exercising their statutory right to form and join unions.
What is section 8(b) of the NLRA?
A law that prohibits unions from engaging in unfair practices that interfere with a union election.
What is an employer lockout?
Act of the employer to prevent employees from entering the work premises when the employer reasonably anticipates a strike.
What is a crossover worker?
A person who does not honor a strike who either chooses not to strike or returns to work after joining the strikers for a time.
What are replacement workers?
Workers who are hired to take the place of striking workers; temporary or permanent.
What is a cooling off period?
Requires a union to give an employer at least 60 days notice before a strike can commence.
What is secondary boycott picketing?
A type of picketing where unions try to bring pressure against the employer by picketing his or her suppliers of customers.
What is title I of the Landrum-Griffin Act?
Referred to as labor’s “bill of rights” that gives each union member equal rights and privileges to nominate candidates for union office, vote in elections, and participate in membership meetings.
What is a specific duty?
An OSHA standard that addresses a safety problem of a specific nature – e.g. a requirement for a safety guard on a particular type of equipment.
What is a general duty?
A duty that an employer has to provide a work environment “free from recognized hazards that are causing or are likely to death or serious physical harm to his employees.”
What is COBRA?
Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconcilliation Act - Federal law that permits employees and their benficiaries to continue their group health insurance after an employee's employment has ended.
What is the Immigration Reform Control Act of 1986?
A federal statute that makes it unlawful for employers to hire illegal immigrants.
What is INS Form I-9?
A form that must be filled out by all U.S. employers for each employee that says the employer has inspected the employee’s legal ability to work.
What is FUTA?
Federal Unemployment Tax Act - A federal act that requires employers to pay unemployment taxes; unemployment compensation is paid to workers who are temporarily unemployed.
What is Social Security?
Federal system that provides limited retirement and death benefits to covered employees and their dependents.
What is FICA?
Federal Insurance Contributions Act – A federal act that says employees and employers must make contributions into the Social Security Fund.
What is Self-Employment Contributions Act?
A federal Act that says self employed persons must pay Social Security taxes equal to the combined employer-employee amount.