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43 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what are chinampas
reeds and mud lashed together, used to create more land and for farming
how could macehualles rise to pili
exhibit bravery and skill in war
who attended school and what did they study
boys, all studied to be warriors, then there were individual occupations
how did aztecs view slavery
slaves could repay masters and be freed
give name and domain of
-huitzilopochli
hummingbird, guardian of aztecs, god of sun and war
name and domain of:
tezcatlipoca
smoking mirror,
god of sorcery and night
name and domain of:
quetzalcoatl
feathered serpent,
god of wind and creation
domain of tlaloc
rain
domain of chalchilhuitlicue
storms
domain of xipe
spring and crops
domain of centeotl
corn
domain of ehecatl
wind and weather
domain of mictlantecuhtle
dead
what are five leftover days at end of year called and what did people do on those days
nemontemi,
rested, fasted, slept
unlucky days
what was the capital of aztec civilization
tenochitlan
how did aztecs solidify power but also allow cortez conquest?
conquered surround lands and taxed them heavily
name 3 tribes that predated aztecs
mayans, olmecas, toltecas
what did the pre-existing cultures have in common with aztecs?
agriculture, warriors but peace loving, religion, hunting/fishing
translate:
cuetzpallin
lizard
translate:
cipactli
crocodile
translate:
quiahitl
rain
translate:
ozomatli
monkey
translate:
itzquintli
hairless dog
translate:
atl
water
translate:
tochtli
rabbit
translate:
cuahtle
eagle
what are legal consequences for drunkenness, adultery, and divorce
one) 1st offense, house burned, head shaved
two) death by stoning
three) kids split by sex
what did aztecs use as currency
cacao beans
do's and don'ts of pregnant women
keep out of heat, eat well, avoid shocks, don't lift heavy objects, don't eat tamales that stick to pan
what are appropriate punishments for 8-12 year old boy
hold over chili pepper fire, scoldin, pierce with cactus needle, beat with stick
six deadly sins of aztec youth
theivery, drunkenness, gambling, laziness, gossiper, excessive sports
where did aztecs come from?
springs of water, cave, race of the gods
how did the aztecs know where to settle
quetz. said that when they saw an eagle on an cactus, that's when they should stop
who was quetzalcoatl
shamed for activities with god sister, left and said he would return, white skinned with beard
who was huitzlipochli
god of sun and war
why did aztecs offer blood sacrifices
to please gods, keep community going
how did aztecs assure that their world would continue
take captive up to top of hill, cut chest open take out heart and try to light fire in chest, if did ignite then world would continue
what were flower wars
false wars to gain captives
describe the role of aztec priests
watched over sacrifices, wore black and drenched themselves in blood
why did spanish dislike sacrifices
thought it was disrespecting communion
describe death of moctezume
shackled in own temple then struck in head with rock/stabbed by one of cortes men
how did the spanish die the night moctezuma died
drown in river b/c weighted down by gold
what killed many aztecs
smallpox