Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/43

Click to flip

43 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
THAMINE

MECHANISM OF ACTION ?
ALLOWS FOR GLUCOSE METABOLISM PREVENTION OF WERNICKE PSYCHOSIS OR KORSAKOFF'S SYNDROME, DUE TO DIMINISHED THAMINE STORES.
DIAZEPAM

TRADE NAME ?


VALIUM
DIAZEPAM

AMOUNT CARRIED?

10 MG/2.0 ML (2)
*** CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE ***
DIAZEPAM

CLASSIFICATION ?

ANTICONVULSANT/ANTIANXIETY
DEXTROSE

MECHANISM OF ACTION?
AEROBIC METABOLIC SUBSTRATE NECESSARY FOR ATP PRODUCTION
THAMINE

TRADE NAME?


VITAMIN B-1
THAMINE

DOSE?
100 MG IV SLOWLY OVER 2-5 MINS. INTRAMUSCULAR
DIAZEPAM

GENERIC NAME?


DIAZEPAM
THAMINE

INDICATIONS?
SUSPECTED OR KNOWN ALCOHOLIC MALNOURISHED PATIENTS WHEN DEXTROSE 50 IS ADMINISTERED.
THAMINE

SPECIAL INFO?
STANDING ORDERS- GIVE THAMINE PRIOR TO DEXTROSE ADMIN.
DEXTROSE

INTERACTIONS?

NONE
THAMINE

SIDE EFFECTS?

RARE ALLERGIC REACTIONS RAPID ADMIN CAN CAUSE HYPOTENSION.
DIAZEPAM

CLINICAL ACTION?

ANTICONVULSANT,ANTIANXIETY,
RELAXES SMOOTH MUSCLE.
DEXTROSE

CONTRAINDICATIONS?
RELATIVE-THAMINE DEFICIENCY. GIVE THAMINE PRIOR TO ADMIN HEAD INJURIES/BRAIN INJURIES
NARCAN

DOSE?
0.8-2.0 MG IV,IM OR SUBCUTANEOUS CAN BE GIVEN ET TUBE OR INTRALINGUAL MR EVERY 2-3 MINS TO MAXIMUM CARRIED.
DIAZEPAM

DOSE?
5-10MG IN 2.0MG INCREMENTS SLOWLY, TITRATE TO EFFECT IV MAY BE GIVEN RECTAL IN PEDS PT 0.2-0.5 MG/KG
DIAZEPAM

INDICATIONS?

STATUS EPILEPTICUS,ANTIANXIETY,PRE-CARDIOVERSION
THIAMINE

CLASSIFICATION ?


VITAMIN
THAMINE

AMOUNT CARRIED ?


100 MG/1.0 ML (1-2)
DEXTROSE

INDICATIONS?
KNOWN HYPOGLYCEMIA,SUSPECTED HYPOGLYCEMIA,COMA,UNKNOWN ORIGIN SEIZURES
DIAZEPAM

CONTRAINDICATIONS?
CNS DEPRESSION (HEAD INJURY/DRUG DEPRESSION)
HYPOVLEMIA,HYPOTENSION,CNS DEPRESSION (RELATIVE)
DIAZEPAM

SPECIAL INFO?

SYNERGISTIC EFFECTS WITH OTHER ANTICONVULSANTS/VASODILATORS GIVE A CLOSEST IV PORT TO PATIENT PRECIPITATES WITH ALL SOLUTIONS!!!!
DIAZEPAM

SIDE EFFECTS?
RESPIRATORY DEPRESSION, HYPOTENSION,INTERACTIONS
DEXTROSE

CLINICAL EFFECTS?

REVERSES CNS EFFECTS OF HYPOGLYCEMIA
THIAMINE

GENERIC NAME ?


THIAMINE
NARCAN

INDICATIONS?
COMA, UNKNOWN ETIOLOGY
KNOWN NARCOTIC OVERDOSE
NARCAN

CLASSIFICATION?
NARCOTIC ANTAGONIST
NARCAN

TRADE NAME?

NARCAN
DEXTROSE

SPECIAL INFO?
DO NOT GIVE 50% DEXTROSE TO PEDS PATIENTS OR INFANTS. DEXTROSE MUST BE DILUTED DEXTROSE 25% MAY BE GIVEN CENTRAL LINE OR INTRAOSSEOUS ONLY!! MAX PERCENT DEXTROSE FOR PERIPHERAL IV'S 10%.
DEXTROSE

DOSE?
25-50ML (12.5-25.0 GRAMS)IV
IV MUST BE PATENT,50% DEXTROSE SHOULD BE GIVEN SLOWLY, CAUTIOUSLY!!!!!!
NARCAN

CLINICAL ACTION?

REVERSES EFFECTS OF NARCOTICS
NARCAN

MECHANISM OF ACTION?

DISPLACES PREVIOUSLY ADMIN ANALGESIC FROM THE OPIOD RECEPTOR SITES.
DEXTROSE

SIDE EFFECTS?
INCREASED CEREBRAL EDEMA, HYPERGLYCEMIA, HYPEROSMOLALITY,NERCROSIS WITH INFILTRATION.
NARCAN

AMOUNT CARRIED?
0.4 MG/1.0 ML
1.0 MG/1.0 ML
10MG TOTAL AMOUNT
NARCAN

SIDE EFFECTS?
NARCOTIC WITH DRAWAL NAUSEA/VOMITING
THAMINE

CLINICAL ACTION?


REVERSES EFFECT OF THAMINE DEFICIENCY
DEXTROSE

PEDS DOSE?
ADMIXTURE 1AMP 50% DEXTROSE MIXED IN 200 CC NORMAL SALINE=10% DEXTORSE PEDS.
DOSE: 0.5-1.0 GM/KG= 5-10CC/KG
NARCAN

CONTRAINDICATIONS?
ALLERGY
DEXTROSE

AMOUNT CARRIED?


25 GMS/50 ML (2-4)
DEXTROSE

CLASSIFICATION?


CARBOHYDRATE
DEXTROSE

TRADE NAME?

DEXTROSE 50%
DIAZEPAM

MECHANISM OF ACTION?
CNS DEPRESSANT
DEPRESSES THE CNS AT THE LIMBIC AND SUBCORTICOL LEVELS OF THE BRAIN. DEPRESSES THE SEIZURE ACTIVITY IN THE CORTEX,THALAMUS AND LIMBIC STRUCTURES. VASODILATION,ANTIANXIETY
DEXTROSE

GENERIC NAME?


DEXTROSE