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50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Definition of learning
A change in behavior as a result of experience.
4 Basic characteristics of learning
Purposeful
through Experience
Multifaceted
Active Process
PEMA
What are the laws of learning?
Readiness
Excercise
Effect
Primacy
Intensity
Recency
REEPIR
What is the basis of all learning?
All learning comes from Perceptions.
How do people learn?
Perception
Insight
Motivation
PIM
What are the 4 levels of learning?
Rote
Understanding
Application
Correlation
RUAC
What are the 9 principles in learning a skill?
Pattern to follow
Perform the skill
Desire to learn
More than muscles
Duration and Organization of
the lesson
Progress follows a pattern
Evaluation vs Critique
Application of skill
Knowledge of results
PPDMDPEAK
Why do individuals forget?
Dissuse
Interference
Repression
DIR
How can the instructor help students remember what they have learned?
Praise
Repetition
Attitude
Association
All senses
PR-AAA
Basic reason for using the building block method of instruction
Formation of correct habit patterns from the begining
What are the defense mechanisms?
Compensation
Projection
Resignation
Denial of Reality
Rationalization
Flight
Agression
Reaction Formation
CPR-DR-FAR
Factors affecting an individuals perceptions
Basic need
Element of threat
Self concept
Time and opportunity
Physical organism
Goals and Values
BEST-PG
Elements of effective communication
Source
Symbols
Receiver
SSR
Effectiveness of the communicator is limited to 3 basic factors
Reveals attitudes
Accurate and up to date
Meaningful
RAM
Barriers to effective communication
Confusion between symbol and subject
Overuse of abstractions
Interference
Lack of common experience
COIL
4 steps in the teaching process
Preparation
Presentation
Application
Review and evaluation
PPAR
Evaluation should be based on:
stated objectives.
Three main steps when organizing material
Introduction
Development
Conclusion
IDC
Elements of the introduction of the presentation
Attention
Motivation
Overview
AMO
Development step of the presentation:
Main part of the lesson
Conclusion step of the presentation:
Retraces the important elements of the lesson and relates them to the objective.
Thre most common teaching methods (and one not so common)
Lecture
Guided discussion
Demonstration/Performance
Computer based training
LGDC
Guided discussion method types of questions
Overhead
Rhetorical
Direct
Reverse
Relay
ORDRR
5 essential phases of the demonstration/performance method
Explanation
Demonstration
Student performance
Instructor supervision
Evaluation
EDSIE
What is programmed instruction?
Student actively responds to each instructional step and receives immediate feedback.
What is integrated flight instruction?
The first time each maneuver is introduced, the student is taught to use outside and inside references to flight instruments.
How can you develop the main points of a lesson?
Past to present
Simple to complex
Known to unknown
Most frequent to rare
PSKM
What are the advantages of the lecture method?
Convenient for groups
Timely
New subjects
CTN
What are the disadvantages of the lecture method?
No motor skills
inhibits participation
NI
Types of presentations
Read manuscript
Recite from memory
Outline
Impromptu
RROI
Basic purpose of a critique
Provide constructive critcism
8 characteristics of an effective question
Comprehensive
Well organized
Constructive
Thoughtful
Specific
Objective
Flexible
Acceptable
CWCT-SOFA
Oral questions to avoid
Puzzle
Oversize
Toss up
Bewilderment
POTB
5 characteristics of a good written test
Validity
Comprehensiveness
Usabilty
Reliability
Discrimination
V-CURD
4 characteristics of an effective question
Brief
Concise
Clear
Definite
BCCD
3 examples of ways to evaluate a student
Performance
Oral
Written
POW
3 reasons to use oral quizzing to evaluate a student
Reveal effectiveness
Retention check
Review material
RRR
2 basic types of questions
Direct
Indirect
DI
Qualifications for professionalism
Service performed
Training and preparation
Study and research
Code of ethics
Intellectual logic
Good judgement
STS-CIG
Most significant psychological factor affective learning
Fear
5 examples of abnormal reactions to fear
Singing
Anger
Laughter
Emotion
Mood swing
SALEM
5 basic human needs (Maslow's hierarchy)
Physical
Safety
Social
Ego
Self fulfillment
PSSES
How can instructors develop students potential
View as a vast and untapped resource
Discover what makes them tick
VD
Rules to ensure good human relations with a students
Inform student
Criticize constructively
Be consistent
Motivate student
Admit errors
Approach as individuals
Credit when due
ICBM-AAC
3 basic steps in planning a course of learning
Determination of standards and objectives
Development of blocks of learning
Identification of blocks of learning
DDI
What is a lesson plan?
Blueprint for period of instruction
Written form
BW
A lesson plan tells:
What to do,
What order to do it,
What procedure to use in teaching it.
WWW
7 items always in a lesson plan
Objective
Elements
Schedule
Equipment
Instructors actions
Students actions
Completion standards
OES-EISC
7 characteristics of an effective lesson plan
Content
Flexible
Intro steps
Scope
Practical
Unity
Relation to course
CFI-SPUR
Why are instructional aids used?
Support
Reinforce
Supplement
SRS