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120 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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Adi Granth
the first book written by Guru Arjan
bible
Adi Shakti
Symbol on the turban pin worn by Sikh women
energy of the universe
Akal Purakh
sikh name for GOD
name
Akal Takhat
The pre-eminent of the five seats of Sikh temporal authority
seats
Akali Dal
The main political party of Sikhs in Punjab
political party
Akhand Path
A continuous recitation of the Guru Granth Sahib, lasting about 48 hours, by a team of readers
recite
Amrit
It is composed of water and sugar and is stirred with a double-edged sword while prayers are spoken
sugar water
Amritdhari
A Sikh who has taken part in the ceremonial initiation into the Khalsa
khalsa
Amritsar
City located in the northern Indian state of Punjab, where the Harimandir Sahib complex is located
nectar city
Anand Karaj
The Sikh wedding ceremony
wedding
Anandpur
The city in India where the Khalsa was created in 1699
khalsa city
Ardas
The Sikh congregational prayer
sikh prayer
Bhangra
A Punjabi folk dance
dance
Bhindranwale, Jarnail Singh
A charismatic preacher and leader of a group of militants who were killed in the Indian army attack on the Harimandir Sahib complex in 1984
complex
Caste
A ranked, birth-ascribed group which determines social standing and occupation
social group
Chandigarh
The capital of the modern-day Indian state of Punjab
capital
Chunni
A long, flowingveil worn by some Sikh women with their turbans. A symbol that every women is a princess
princess
Dasam Granth
A sacred book of writings attributed by some Sikhs to Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Guru of the Sikhs
book
Dasvandh
One-tenth of personal income, which a Sikh is religiously obligated to donate to charity.
charity
Gatka
The Sikh martial art form
karate
Golden Temple
A gurdwara of historical, spiritual, and emotional significance to Sikhs
significance
Giani
Someone learned in the Sikh religion
learned
Granthi
A ceremonial reader of the Guru Granth Sahib
reader
Gurbani
The revealed wisdom of the Sikh Gurus in their own words
revealed wisdom
Gurdwara
Literally translated "Home of the Guru." Any building or room dedicated to housing the devotional songs of the Guru for the prupose of spiritual practice
home
Gurmukhi
The written form of Punjabi, used in the Sikh scripture and in contemporary India.
written
Gurpurab
A Sikh holiday to commemorate the birth or death of a Sikh Guru
birth/death
Gursikh
A Sikh devoted to Waheguru
waheguru
Guru
depending on context of usage, to one of the ten Sikh prophets, the Sikh scripture, the Sikh community (Guru Panth), or God
context
Guru Arjan Dev
The fifth Guru of the Sikhs and their first martyr
He compiled the Guru Granth Sahib
Guru Gobind Singh (1666-1708)
The tenth and last living prophet of the Sikhs, he passed the guruship onto the Sikh scripture
passer
Guru Granth Sahib
The Sikh scripture, written in poetry organized in 31 sections
scripture
Guru Hargobind
The 6th Guru of the Sikhs. Following the martyrdom of his father, Guru Arjan Dev Ji
6th
Guru Har Krishan
The 8th Guru of the Sikhs, who was only 5 years old when he became Guru in 1661
5 years old
Guru Nanak
The founder of the Sikh faith
founding father
Guru Panth
The name used by Sikhs to describe the worldwide Sikh community
community
Guru Teg Bahadur
The 9th Guru of the Sikhs, who was killed by Mughal rulers in 1675 for defending Hindus facing forcible conversion to Islam
hindu defender
Harimandir Sahib
The Punjabi name for the Golden Temple
golden temple
Haumai
The self-centeredness (ego) of a human, which can only be overcome through mediatation on God’s name (naam)
ego
Hukam
A decree by a high authority
decree
Jathedar
A leader of Sikh volunteers
volunteer leader
Kacha
Undershorts. One of the five Sikh articles of faith
shorts
Kanga
Comb. One of the five Sikh articles of faith
comb
Kara
Steel bracelet. One of the five Sikh articles of faith
steel bracelet
Kaum
A term used by many Sikhs to refer to corporate the Sikh nation or Panth
sikh nation
Kaur
Literally "princess." The name given to all female Sikhs
female
Kesh
Uncut hair. One of the five Sikh articles of faith
uncut hair
Khalistan
The proposed name for a sovereign Sikh state in Punjab, indep. from india
sovereign state
Khalsa
The collective body of all initiated Sikhs, who drink the amrit instituted by Guru Gobind Singh, and agree to live by the highest ideals of Sikh principles
initiated sikhs
Khanda
Double-edged sword. When surrounded by a kirpan on each side and a quoit, a symbol of the Khalsa
khalsa sword
Kirpan
Miniature ceremonial sword. One of the five Sikh articles of faith
sword
Kirta
Traditional unifrom worn by Sikh men
male uniform
Kirtan
The devotional singing of sacred hymns
sing
Langar
Free community kitchen
kitchen
Matha taykna
Bowing down and touching the floor with one’s forehead in front of the Guru Granth Sahib
floor touch
Maya
Sikh theology explains that everything in this world is an illusion, and that the only true reality is Waheguru
illusion
Naam
Name. The divine name of God
divine name
Naam Simran
Remembering God's name through meditation
remember gods name
Nitnem
The daily Sikh prayers. Sikhs recite prayers three times a day
daily prayer
Operation Blue Star
The Indian army attack on the Golden Temple in Amritsar and other gurdwaras in Punjab
indian attack
Panj Piare
Often refers to the first five initiated Sikhs
first 5 sikhs
Panth
The Sikh community
community
Patit
A lapsed Sikh who has been initiated into the Khalsa, but failed to observe the Khalsa code of conduct.
failed conduct
Prakash
A short ceremony performed when the Guru Granth Sahib is formally opened everyday
ceremony
Punjab
Fertile, agriculturally productive region in South Asia which today is divided between India and Pakistan
fertile
Raag
A term used in Indian classical music to refer to a series of five or more notes upon which a melody is based
music
Ragi
A musician who is trained in performing kirtan
musician
Rehat Maryada
A formalized code of conduct for the Khalsa way of life
code
Sangat
A Sikh congregation. Believed to be an essential aspect of living a spiritual and God-centered life.
congregation
Sant Sipahi
Guru Hargobind decreed that Sikhs should be both devout followers of the teachings of the Gurus, while being prepared to take up arms for self-defense and defense of the oppressed
defense
Sat Sri Akal
A common Sikh greeting, meaning "God is True and Timeless."
greeting
Seva
Community service
cs
Shabad
A sacred Sikh hymn
hymn
Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee (S.G.P.C.)
elected governance committee, located in Amritsar, is responsible for the administration of gurdwaras in India
committee
Sikh
student, disciple
disciple
Panj Piare
Often refers to the first five initiated Sikhs
first 5 sikhs
Panth
The Sikh community
community
Patit
A lapsed Sikh who has been initiated into the Khalsa, but failed to observe the Khalsa code of conduct.
failed conduct
Prakash
A short ceremony performed when the Guru Granth Sahib is formally opened everyday
ceremony
Punjab
Fertile, agriculturally productive region in South Asia which today is divided between India and Pakistan
fertile
Raag
A term used in Indian classical music to refer to a series of five or more notes upon which a melody is based
music
Ragi
A musician who is trained in performing kirtan
musician
Rehat Maryada
A formalized code of conduct for the Khalsa way of life
code
Sangat
A Sikh congregation. Believed to be an essential aspect of living a spiritual and God-centered life.
congregation
Sant Sipahi
Guru Hargobind decreed that Sikhs should be both devout followers of the teachings of the Gurus, while being prepared to take up arms for self-defense and defense of the oppressed
defense
Sat Sri Akal
A common Sikh greeting, meaning "God is True and Timeless."
greeting
Seva
Community service
cs
Shabad
A sacred Sikh hymn
hymn
Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee (S.G.P.C.)
elected governance committee, located in Amritsar, is responsible for the administration of gurdwaras in India
committee
Sikh
student, disciple
disciple
Kaur
Literally "princess." The name given to all female Sikhs
female
Kesh
Uncut hair. One of the five Sikh articles of faith
uncut hair
Khalistan
The proposed name for a sovereign Sikh state in Punjab, indep. from india
sovereign state
Khalsa
The collective body of all initiated Sikhs, who drink the amrit instituted by Guru Gobind Singh, and agree to live by the highest ideals of Sikh principles
initiated sikhs
Khanda
Double-edged sword. When surrounded by a kirpan on each side and a quoit, a symbol of the Khalsa
khalsa sword
Kirpan
Miniature ceremonial sword. One of the five Sikh articles of faith
sword
Kirta
Traditional unifrom worn by Sikh men
male uniform
Kirtan
The devotional singing of sacred hymns
sing
Langar
Free community kitchen
kitchen
Matha taykna
Bowing down and touching the floor with one’s forehead in front of the Guru Granth Sahib
floor touch
Maya
Sikh theology explains that everything in this world is an illusion, and that the only true reality is Waheguru
illusion
Naam
Name. The divine name of God
divine name
Naam Simran
Remembering God's name through meditation
remember gods name
Nitnem
The daily Sikh prayers. Sikhs recite prayers three times a day
daily prayer
Operation Blue Star
The Indian army attack on the Golden Temple in Amritsar and other gurdwaras in Punjab
indian attack
Guru Gobind Singh (1666-1708)
The tenth and last living prophet of the Sikhs, he passed the guruship onto the Sikh scripture
passer
Guru Granth Sahib
The Sikh scripture, written in poetry organized in 31 sections
scripture
Guru Hargobind
The 6th Guru of the Sikhs. Following the martyrdom of his father, Guru Arjan Dev Ji
6th
Guru Har Krishan
The 8th Guru of the Sikhs, who was only 5 years old when he became Guru in 1661
5 years old
Guru Nanak
The founder of the Sikh faith
founding father
Guru Panth
The name used by Sikhs to describe the worldwide Sikh community
community
Guru Teg Bahadur
The 9th Guru of the Sikhs, who was killed by Mughal rulers in 1675 for defending Hindus facing forcible conversion to Islam
hindu defender
Harimandir Sahib
The Punjabi name for the Golden Temple
golden temple
Haumai
The self-centeredness (ego) of a human, which can only be overcome through mediatation on God’s name (naam)
ego
Hukam
A decree by a high authority
decree
Jathedar
A leader of Sikh volunteers
volunteer leader
Kacha
Undershorts. One of the five Sikh articles of faith
shorts
Kanga
Comb. One of the five Sikh articles of faith
comb
Kara
Steel bracelet. One of the five Sikh articles of faith
steel bracelet
Kaum
A term used by many Sikhs to refer to corporate the Sikh nation or Panth
sikh nation